What is IR Theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The actions and politics of different nations are determined by internal processes whose outcomes vary depending on the presence of other nations and interactions with them. No one state can exist in isolation. At the end of the Second World War, a good number of political…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.3% of users find it useful
What is IR Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "What is IR Theory"

What is IR Theory? The actions and politics of different nations are determined by internal processes whose outcomes vary depending on the presence of other nations and interactions with them. No one state can exist in isolation. At the end of the Second World War, a good number of political scientists have indulged in debating about the relation between the state and war (Waltz 38). Realism has widely dominated the political sphere, as an explanation for the interaction between states. However, other ‘isms’ such as Liberalism and Constructivism are gradually gaining the support of political scientists. International Relation theory raises fundamentally empirical issues which can only be settled by analyzing the facts.
Professor Martin Wight, in the 1960 April issue of international Relations, published a paper titled “Why Is There No International Theory?” The Professor believes that the sovereign state has, since the Reformation, been the focal point of Western political thought and experience (Morgenthau 63). The international theory is true to diplomatic experience, and is augmented when belief in progress is prevalent. According to this school of thought, if things remain as they were in the past, man would become desperate. This theory he referred to as “the argument from desperation”.
International relations is widely involves recurrence and repetition as international reality and international theory collide. International theory becomes a sort of philosophy of history as it involves the ultimate experience of national existence and national extinction. For national existence, every individual requires the protection of the state that represents them in the international community (Wight 38). This view considers a sovereign State to be the end of a political experience and activity. This juristic expression considers international politics to be an untidy extension of domestic politics. It is a systematic and continued balance of power between different players.
International Relations is a transient subject with the modern society being in a state of transition. The past occurrences in one state relating with other states influences the future interactions that are likely to occur. Therefore, the theorizing of international relations is likened to a system of abstract propositions with a predictive function. In the view of this system, nations become stereotyped participators in stereotyped symmetric or asymmetric relations (Morgenthau 65). The modern society has emerged from a medieval society and is destined for world State.
In the view of international relations, commonwealths are moral essences whose fortunes are determined by internal causes. These causes sometimes overwhelm a community leading to depression. Conviction precedes evidence and in order to change this state of affairs, those governing states need to be convinced that there is need for safeguarding its people before it can seek concrete evidence of the needed change.
Political activity and political theory are in a direct relation but international law follows an inverse movement to international politics. International law thrives in legal positivism, bringing out an agreeable irony. International theory has been marred by paucity, and moral and intellectual poverty (Wight 38). The heart of the international theory brings about tension between international theory and diplomatic practice. In any state where the politics flourish, a certain nature of relations exists where it is every man for himself. Intelligence and morality lack from public opinion and the limits of duty as people continually do wrong.
Despite the discordant thoughts on political theory and law, the field of international relations continues to draw the interest of theorists and political scientists.
Works Cited
Morgenthau, Hans. "The Intellectual and Political Functions of a Theory of International Relations." Morgenthau, Hans. Politics in the Twentieth Century: Vol. I: The Decline of Democratic Politics. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1962. 62-78. Website.
Waltz, Kenneth N. Theory of International Politics. Lake Zurich, IL: Waveland Press, 2010. Print.
Wight, Martin. "Why is There No International Theory?" International Relations, Vol. 2, No. 1 (1960): 35-48. Website. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“What is IR Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
What is IR Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(What Is IR Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
What Is IR Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“What Is IR Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Lord of the Ring 3 and IR Theory Realism

...?Lord of the Rings 3 connects to IR theory of Realism The world, we live in, has always been a place of constant activity. This constant activity in the form of physical as well as mental activity of the people has transformed our world from an archaic to a well-developed one. In addition, that development as wells as evolution can also seen in one of the important people involved activities of the ‘sphere’, which is the activity of politics. With the advancement in civilizations, people spread out and settled in new territories. In course of the history, those territories evolved into cities, states, and eventually countries. Along with this evolution and development of people and territories, the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper


...?Interviewee Peter Gender Male Age 32 Nature of Business Supermarket/ Coles Job for analysis Assistant manager/ branch level Questions/ Answers 1) What does IR /ER mean to you? I believe that through IR my rights at work are best secured; my view is based on the fact that in the context of IR, the communication between employer and employees in my organization has been improved, one of the most important benefits of IR. Moreover, employees have now the chance to participate in the decision-making process of the organization – even indirectly; this is a result of the support provided by IR to employees of all levels. Also, in my organization, the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay


...?‘Labor’s reforms are about restoring the rights of workers, not the power of unions.’ Introduction: Australia has seen a series of labour reform laws aimed at uplifting the Australian economy. The previous law Work Choices Act almost crippled a major section of the economy largely affecting the labour unions but caused irreparable damage to the workers. Thus, as a reform measure, the new Labor government headed by Rudd and Guillard, introduced the Fair Work Act, which restored the rights of the workers and entrusted more power and regulations which were more favourable to them rather than to the employers or the labour unions. It offered them the right to negotiate with the employers, the right to collective bargaining... reforms are about...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Does any IR theory present a convincing framework for understanding global governance Why or why not Discuss with reference to

...? Global Governance in the Light of IR Theories Does any IR theory present a convincing framework for understanding global governance? Why or why not? Discuss with reference to examples where appropriate. International relations (IR) theory is described as the theoretical study of international relations with a conceptual framework in order to develop a better understanding. This discipline was only a subsidiary part of philosophy until after the First World War. The events that led to the First World War and its consequences made academic circles realize the need to understand international politics and relations within theoretical...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Contemporary Challenges in IR example, the home-grown violent extremism and border integrity in US influence the dynamics and strategies of security management of neighbouring international community (Peoples et al., 2010, p. 5). As such, countries became more focused in risk management and assessment procedures based on in economic theories of consumer behaviour and formal models of decision-making applied for industrial, environmental, business, legal, and other settings (Peoples et al., 2010, p. 5). Some experts may use “probabilistic risk assessment” (PRA) to deal on high-consequence, low-probability risks associated with nuclear power plants and other dangerous industrial processes including issues involving risks of terrorism. It is...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Grand Theory in IR

...Grand Theory in IR THESIS MENT The objective of the essay questions is to review the viewpoints of Alex with proper arguments. EXPLANATION According to review of the debating scenario, it has been identified that John and Bruce were debating on the effect of chaos on global politics. In this context, Alex has shared his opinion regarding the issue (Wendt 391-425). Alex tried to stop the impasse between John and Bruce. In order to do such, Alex has propositioned his thoughts regarding the effect of anarchy on world politics. In this context, Alex has introduced a new dimension regarding power and politics in the United States (Ostrom and Job 541-566). In order to identify the paradigmatic and/or...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Is Alexander Wendit right that anarchy is what states make of it If so, what are the implications for IR theory

...Is Alexander Wendt right that anarchy is what s make of it? If so, what are the implications for IR theory? In contemporary international relations, Alexander Wendt is an important figure. In his works, this scientist managed to rise several subjects that resulted in re-thinking of already commonly used concepts and opening numerous discussions on their real role in contemporary world. Among them, the broadest and the most debated concept is anarchy. In fact, Wendt is the creator of completely new vision on the present and the future of the international relations in the contemporary global perspective. In addition, he is known as the representative of constructivist approach in IR...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Rational choice theory(RCT) as an analytic framework for politics and IR

...Strengths and weaknesses of Rational choice theory (RCT) as an analytic framework for politics and IR of the of the [Name of the Course] [Date] Strengths and weaknesses of Rational choice theory (RCT) as an analytic framework for politics and IR Introduction Rational Choice theory (RCT) is applied in the field of international relations and politics as the most influential paradigm for couple of decades. It has become popular and most discussed theory due to its claim to predict the political future of various issues. It has been in use as a scientific methodological theory to propagate political activism and has reached...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Theory and practice of human rights

10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

The rise of Neorealism as the Most Dominant Explanatory Theory of IR

...of the inter-War years, along with the motives and intentions of the belligerents. As realist theory assumed the sceptre of dominance as the most powerful explanatory theory of IR in the 1940s, Hans J. Morgenthau surfaced as the paradigm’s most distinct voice. Morgenthau’s conception of political realism, and its imperatives for rational foreign policy- and decision-making, set the tone for IR theory in general and post-War diplomacy in particular, leading many to conclude that all IR theory is essentially a debate between Morgenthau and his critics. This essay shall attempt to show that although Morgenthau’s...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic What is IR Theory for FREE!

Contact Us