Free

Marxist tradition - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In the paper “Marxist tradition” the author provides the overview of Marxism by highlighting its strong and weak points. Marx demonstrated progressive vision on capitalist changes, but did not notice the nature of human relations; thus, classical Marxism could never work appropriately in the reality…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93% of users find it useful
Marxist tradition
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Marxist tradition"

In the development of Social Sciences discipline, Marxist tradition is among central theoretical frameworks. In fact, the kind of opinion on capitalism created by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels left a significant trace in current and further understanding of the world around us. In this context, the way their vision appeared and explained the challenges of Industrial Revolution led to the appearance of such concepts as ‘proletariat’, ‘means of production’, and ‘rule of capital’. Consequently, this essay illustrates the overview of Marxism by highlighting its strong and weak points. In this context, Marx demonstrated progressive vision on capitalist changes, but did not notice the nature of human relations; thus, classical Marxism could never work appropriately in the reality.
To start with, Marxism arguments spring from the transformations that happened in the end of the nineteenth century. In particular, these new circumstances created material production as the brand-new “object before us” (Marx, 1857, p. 3) and prevalence of consumption as “immediately production […] that replaces the need” (Marx, 1857, p. 10-12). In this context, an understanding of political world has also transformed. In fact, Karl Marx presented this new logic of political economy in a statement: “An increase in the productivity of labour means nothing more than that the same capital creates the same value with less labour, or that less labour creates the same product with more capital” (Marx, 1863-1883, p. 271). In other words, industrial development neglected the value of working class, as capitalists had put their incomes on the pedestal of social relations. In short, the dialectical type of antagonist relations that showed up after capitalist change was the main object of Marxist critique.
On the one hand, Marx clearly understood the key trends of his time based on the prevalence of economic relations in all social spheres. In this context, Marxism proposed the pioneer theoretical framework; it stated that working hard means nothing in the new society. In contrast, classical liberalism that believed in market self-regulatory power to human prosperity (Smith, 2007) could not overcome this new type of social inequality. Moreover, Marxism served as a good base to further investigation of capitalist transformations in the society. For instance, modern ‘theory of oppressed” (Debord, 1958) shows that Marx was convincing and predicted the main challenges of capitalist social order. In general, Marxism noticed the main danger of the twentieth century that led to huge transformations of the world order; in this context, Marx and Engels (1848) widely discussed the position of proletariat as neglected by revolutionary class, whose voice is important but not heard. Therefore, the strongest point of Marxism is its ability to see the core reasons and consequences of Industrial Revolution.
On another hand, Marxism oversimplified the human nature and standardized social relations. In particular, Marx and Engels (1848) believed that “society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps […] – Bourgeoisie and Proletariat”. In other words, Marxists see the world solely in black and white. For such a worldview, capital displaced the labour and created certain type of illusion for workers; consequently, human nature was steadily neglecting (Marx, 1957, p. 306). Nevertheless, this theoretical assumption did not work in the reality. Among the practical evidence, repressions of Soviet Union that followed Marxist views is the most prominent one. In addition, Marxism was not right about the future of capitalism. As van Berg (1980) explains this flaw, Marx failed to discover the way modern capitalism has transformed in the field of working relations; precisely, Marxism did not notice its ability to change and adapt. In other words, industrial development caused the change in human relations in order to keep the social balance stable. For instance, several welfare states appeared in Europe and showed that world had changed after World Wars. Thus, the key weak point in classical Marxism is its simplification of human nature.
In order to sum up, Marx and Engels were prominent thinkers, because they saw the core reason of social transformations in their time. In particular, they clearly understood that capitalist relations were so powerful that they could replace most spheres of social life. In this context, they underlined the appearance of political economy and material production as the new trends for the twentieth century. In fact, these key ideas enabled the appearance of numerous approaches that assisted us to understand the contemporary world around us. In contrast, the practical power of classical Marxism itself is limited; actually, it oversimplifies the human nature and its ability to adapt and transform. Consequently, the importance of Marxism is rather in the scope of its analysis than in its concrete theses.
References:
Berg, A. van den. (1980). Critical Theory: Is There Still Hope? American Journal of Sociology, 86 (3), pp. 449-478.
Debord, G. (1958). Theory of the Derive. International Situationist, 2, pp. 19-23.
Marx, K. (1857). A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy. Translated by M. Nicolaus, 1973. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Available at: http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/ [Accessed 10 Jan. 2015].
Marx, K. and Engels, F. (1848). The Communist Manifesto [online]. Translated by S. Moor, 1967. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Available at: http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto [Accessed 9 Jan. 2015].
Marx, K. (1863-1883). Volume III: The Process of Capitalist Production as a Whole. In: F. Engels, ed. (1894). Capital: A Critique of Political Economy. NY: International Publishers.
Smith, A. (2007). Wealth of Nations. Second edition. NY: Cosimo, Inc. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Marxist tradition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1673689-marxist-tradition
(Marxist Tradition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/social-science/1673689-marxist-tradition.
“Marxist Tradition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1673689-marxist-tradition.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Marxist tradition

Marxist theory

...? Marxist theory College Marxist theory is defined as a sociological theory that recognizes economic factors as the primary determinant of social structure and change. Capitalism is an economic system that is inherently prone to crisis. The capitalism crisis is driven by various forces that cause it to be unstable self destructive and anarchic. In the Marxist theory, the major issue is to understand the cause of the capital crisis and the necessity and the possibility of the revolutionary change of the crisis. He believes that the existence of poverty and inequality only is not what may turn the employees against the capitalist system. This capital crisis has been a major problem in...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Marxist Theory

...The present paper is devoted to the discussion of the argument is whether the Marxist theory of has been too reductionist. The basis of the discussion is the Marxist theory of state itself, as well as the notions of the social reality and the reductionism as a sociological term. The main assumption of the work to be proved (or denied) is that Marxist theory of state has been to simplified (subject to reductionism) and thus has to be viewed from this very viewpoint. However, in order to come to the reasonable conclusion it is still necessary to start the discussion from the Marxist theory of state and the term 'reductionism' separately....
8 Pages(2000 words)Book Report/Review

Marxist Archaeology

...to them, pre-Marxian anthropology is absolute zero. So it is necessary that Marxism be incorporated in the science, according to the author. Marxist archaeologists and anthropologists declare that Marx was highly intellectual. His theories were wonderful. No doubt, there are loopholes in them as well. Some of his theories were unclear and obsolete. Even then, Human sciences and Social sciences have to adopt contributions of Marxism. Otherwise they cannot exist. At the same time Marx also must modify his principles based on modern social sciences. Some feel that Marxism and anthropology/archaeology cannot go together. Social Sciences consist of Functionalism, Structuralism and Phenomenology. The outward appearance does...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Marxist or Post-Marxist Theorists

...Compare and contrast the positions of one or more neo-Marxist or post-Marxist theorists of ideology with those of the ical Marxist tradition. In a recent BBC online poll for finding the greatest thinker of the Millenium, Karl Marx came first. That Marx beat Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin and Stephen Hawking among other leaders in their fields amounts to a big statement of Marxs relevance in the new millenium. The relevance of the results is magnified when we consider that neo-liberal capitalism has established itself as the dominant economic ideology today. With many leading economists of our time, including Thomas Friedman, Joseph Heath (and to a lesser extent Paul...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Marxist Analysis

... and diligent individual who through reasoning masters nature. In addition, he is also portrayed as a promoter of slavery, murder, robbery and force. This is because idyllic existed earlier thus; political economy should not be ignored. The contrast between what actually happens in the international economy and the international trade myths in the economics textbooks is as a result of the contrast between the real Robinson Crusoe and the economist’s Robinson Crusoe. The model of a fisherman and a hunter who exchange their mutual profit under conditions of reciprocity, freedom and equality are paradigmatic to non-Marxist international trade theory. International trade should be based upon a division between equals; unfortunately... Primitive...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Marxist Analysis

...Marxist Analysis In the American Dream movie, a large Corporation is making enormous profits, and yet it is demanding pay cut of its factory employees. Clash ensues and workers make a strike threat as a result of the company’s intention to reduce the wages. In the fall of 1983, Hormel announced that it would reduce hourly wages of factory workers from $10.69 to $8.25. This was despite the fact that Hormel reported earnings of approximately $30 million. As the workers through their union decide to strike, the movie introduces the key actors. There is Ray Rogers, a freelance strike planner and publicist; Rogers easy, smiling style makes him seem like an opportunist. There is Lewis Anderson, an experienced negotiator from...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Marxist Analysis

...My Analysis Marxist theory stemmed from the philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. The theory was based on the economic and political philosophy, in which the class struggle plays a fundamental role of historical change, and the capitalism will eventually be superseded by communisms (classless society). In literature, a Marxist perspective combines the power of literary works to convey the extent and illustrate how capitalism shapes society and divides it between the prevailing bourgeoisie and poor class known as the proletariat (Dobie, p.87). The story “The Destructors “by Graham Greene tells of the exploits of a group of adolescent boys who call themselves the Wormsley common gang and the scene...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Marxist Theory

...Marxist Theory Karl Max presented to the world his thoughts on economic problems affecting the world. The ideas have come to be referred to as Marxist theory. Karl Max came up with a materialistic interpretation of economies, and how employees struggle for social change in a society where capitalists exploit the underprivileged. Marxist theory is based on materialistic thinking that has since overtaken the society. The provision of material needs is the main objective of most capitalist societies; they do not care about the welfare of other workers (Trainer, 2010). Historical Materialism Marxists defined historical materialism as the means in which countries such as...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Marxist Theory

...Marxist Theory In the world over big sectors of the economy are now controlled by one class of people. Most of this is the leading class in the country called the high class. They control the means of production in the country. They determine the path the economy is to take. This is what capitalist is all about. Capitalist is the system where private owners control the means of production and other sectors of the economy. The middle class and the lower class work for the higher class for a wage to sustain their livelihood. These are all factors that constitute a capitalist economy. Marxism focuses on the relations between different social classes and the societal conflict. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels are the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Marxist philosophy

...Marxist Philosophy: 1917 Russian Revolution 25th March Marxist Philosophy: 1917 Russian Revolution This paper defines Marxistphilosophy as propounded by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in theoretical analysis of society. The principles of Marxism, historical analysis and criticism of other philosophies will also be discussed. Finally, the paper will study the actual implementation of the theory in practice by Vladimir Lenin in the 1917 Russian Bolshevik revolution. Marxism is a world view based on analysis of society’s historical development from the means of production ownership1angle. The main argument is that means of production affect all other aspects of society and creates class relationships...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Marxist tradition for FREE!

Contact Us