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Influence of Aristotle on John Stuart Mills and Karl Marxs Studies - Essay Example

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The research question that guided the research purpose was “In what ways, if any, do John Stuart Mill and Karl Marx each appear to have been influenced by Aristotle?” Critically, the researcher related the research question directly to the research purpose…
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Influence of Aristotle on John Stuart Mills and Karl Marxs Studies
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Download file to see previous pages This paper illustrates that Aristotle believesthatallhumans are determined to flourish. It isappropriateand desired the end of allhumanactions. To understandhow something functions, youneed to understand its nature. Aristotle provides four differenthumannatureaspects. Aristotle is usuallyquotedsaying “Man is a politicalcreature.” Themeaning of Aristotle has a deeperunderstanding as compared to theknowntranslation. The quote from Aristotle that says “is a rational being who lives in societies?” provides four different aspects of human nature. The first aspect is referring to the human as physical beings (to mean humans are animals). According to Aristotle, Physical beings require rest, nourishment, exercise, and many others that help in keeping their body to function properly. The second is that the human being referred as emotional beings (to mean they are animals). What differentiate plants from animals, as argued by Aristotle, is that animals have desires, wants, urges, and reactions. These do not exist in plants. The human being can recognize what they want in the world, and they also possess the power of volition get what they want. Furthermore human can avoid what they dislike. These wants can be complicated for humans, however, at the long run, we all have wants and needs that are obtained from the underlying sources. The third is human is a social being (this is because they live in groups). Human must function and live in various societies. No man can survive by himself and human majorly performs well only in social settings. Human social nature goes in hand with our emotional nature; such that the wants and needs required by a human can only be attained through the social nature of humanity. For example, human were beings that flourished as hermits, Friendly and trust cooperation needs will not be nearly so urgent. The fourth is that the human is a rational being. To the Greeks, most of the cultures, including the current ones that have made humans human were our rationality. Human is expressive, creative, able to obey reasons and knowledge-seeking. Most of the time human being may not follow reasons, and most of the time may not want to exercise their minds. However, thecentralpart of humanexistencerelates their nature of being a rationalanimal. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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