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The process of formulating a new public policy often follows three stages: agenda setting, option-formulation, and then finally implementation. This obviously revolves around the problem to be solved. A perfect example is the problem of health care in the US. The Affordable Care Act/ Obama Care is an example of public health policy that was recently implemented in the US.
President Obama signed into law The Patients Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in March 23rd 2010. This policy aims to help more Americans gain access to health insurance at affordable rates. This is because millions of US citizens are uninsured. The ACA works in phases to reduce the number of uninsured by introducing an Individual Mandate. By 2014 every uninsured individual (Adults and Children) will be required to have some form of health insurance by paying up to $285/year to virtual health insurers online.
Women will not pay higher premiums and insurers will have issue a cover regardless of enrollees having pre-existing medical conditions. Under ACA, insurers are also requires to spend at least 80% of their premiums in actual health care. The ACA strives to push health insurance prices down and also maintain quality of care in the
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To accomplish these tasks, administrators are appointed by the government. They are responsible for implementing the rules imposed by the government. In certain countries the public administrators are mere actors who perform the task of implementing the regulations of the government.
The Federal Bureau of Prisons which operates under the Department of Justice comprises of various institutions, regional offices, staff training centers as well as community correction offices and houses over 218,107 federal offenders as of August, 2012. The BOP facilities currently comprises of 177,042 prisoners while those confined in privately managed security facilities totaled 28,507.
As a result, domestic systems of administrative accountability through law are being increasingly sidestepped. (Berkley 65)
Global administrative law comprises the mechanisms, principles, and practices that promote or otherwise affect the accountability of diverse global administrative bodies, in particular by ensuring that they meet adequate standards of transparency, participation, reasoned decision, and legality, and by providing effective review of the rules and decisions made.
Nations have been implementing the New Public Management (NPM) in order to meet the needs of the public sectors. The Next Steps Initiative that was launched by the British government in 1988 aims at splitting the delivery of services from
Closed model calls for more supervision and top-down hierarchy.
As the news paper report goes, the closed model would require stringent supervision on such organizations (the alternative medicine centre, in this case) by the civic and police authorities. As the
There are more issues than one can think of, and if these are seen from the delivery of value for the sake of the public, then the astounding manner in which public administration is being handled is something to take note of. The constitution
The stakeholders include the criminal justice system, rehabilitative or correctional institutions, private security agencies, political leaders, business community among others. Police departments and the employees have particular expectations of each other. On one hand,