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ROL promotion by international community will enable securitization explain the reforms in practice to assist post-communist transitions. Arab States are the majority in Middle East region characterized by a high complex relationship between the military agencies and other security enforcement agencies in the state, politics, and the society. Kodmani, Bassma, and May (97) claim that Arab Security Sector still receives little attention in the recent years with rare information on comparative advances in the study of the security sector.
The objective of the study is to inform the role of Arab Security Sector in the state, politics, and the society. The study will evaluate scholarly journal information in the field of Security Studies in Middle East in both English and Arabic press. Different themes receive considerable attention in the theoretical and comparative literature on civil society relating to Arab Security Sector. The role of the security sector in the socio cultural facets affects the role of status and legitimacy of the security. Formal and informal connections operate within the security sector in the civilian and political system. The role of the security sector reflects and reinforces the relationship between major sectors of the society. Al-Khalifah (24) emphasizes from the beginning that better relationships with the Arab Security Sector fails to result to successful policies toward Middle East. According to Kodmani et al. (97), one of the critical policy junctures is the Unites States strategy to scatter Iraqi Army after the invasion attack. At the time prior, the invasion Iraqi Army had 350,000 troops. Iraqi complex political-military relationship leads to imposition of effective and formal civilian control in the newly established Iraqi Security Forces. Since that time, Kurdish and Shiite militias penetrate the Security Forces. The relationship between Iraqi Army and
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The bloody revolution that took place in Egypt had a worldwide effect. The revolution shook the grounds of the Middle East, as the plea for Democracy entered the scene. In midst of all these things, Egypt is in a middle of parliamentary elections after Mubarak’s ousting from power.
Politics generally refers to the way in which a group of people are ruled. Generally, the most important premise that is attached to politics is whether or not the ruling is ruling the ruled in a manner that is in conformity with the hopes and socio-economic aspiration of the people (Al-Sayyid, 2003).
Midterm Exam 1. How has the oil wealth affected the prospects of democratization in the Arab Gulf? The presence of wealth in the Arab Gulf has affected the gulf politically, economically and politically. Additionally it has affected the state of democracy in its members due to political matters that have come up due to presence of wealth.
The fact that most of the Arab countries have authoritarian regimes is a reason for these regimes to ensure that their security sectors are well advanced so that they can be able to deal swiftly with dissent from among their populations. Despite the heavy investment made in the security sector within the Arab world, it has been found that it is the cause of both stabilization as well as instability within the region that it occupies.
However, there is available evidence that businesses and the policies that define business practices can have an overwhelming impact on the political, economic, and social stability. This paper will consider the effect of businesses on these three aspects, with the first section describing the ways in which businesses contribute to economic instability and or stability.
Information has become a vital part in the modern world. The ease, access and spread of information and its dissemination has been boosted by the daily diminishing digital divide. Presently, news travel fast, information is acquired quickly due to the growth of technology.
The threat environment is defined by instability in neighboring states which could spill over, possible hegemonic behavior by regional powers, and, increasingly, from the potential for domestic instability. Gulf regimes have had to respond to these diverse vulnerabilities with traditional defensive measures, military modernization, and, in some cases, renewed commitments to political and economic reform."2
However, the evidences, including Iran’s behaviour itself, point to the possibility that it is developing nuclear weapons, if it has not yet done so. The implications of this development are astounding for the Gulf region.