Nobody downloaded yet

Decentralization in Ethiopia and Nigeria: Authority and Accountability - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Decentralization is referred to as any act that results to ceding of power, authority, resources and employees from a central government to institutions at a lower level political administration and territorial hierarchy (Ndegwa, 2002; Mawhood 1983; Smith 1985). Decentralization…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.5% of users find it useful
Decentralization in Ethiopia and Nigeria: Authority and Accountability
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Decentralization in Ethiopia and Nigeria: Authority and Accountability"

Download file to see previous pages ve decentralization occurs when the powers of the central government are transferred to administrators in its local branches who act as administrative representatives of and are upwardly accountable to the central administration. Fiscal decentralization refers to the decentralization of financial resources and powers to generate revenue to lower subnational units of the central government. Political (democratic) decentralization refers to the process where powers, decision-making authority, revenue generation, and resources are reassigned to authorities who represent and are downwardly accountable to the local population (Work, 2002).
In the African context, decentralization has been done progressively and unevenly, both in the scope and aspects of decentralization adopted (Adeyeye, 2006). Of the three aspects of decentralization, for instance, fiscal decentralization has been the least implemented while political and administrative decentralization are adopted more in several African countries. This variability in implementation of each of the facets of decentralization can be observed to be as a result of a number of factors. The advanced political decentralization is on account of the widespread political liberation and reforms that occurred around the continent in the 1990s. Administrative decentralization, on the other hand, can be attributed to the fact that it remained the preferred pathway to decentralization, owing to the simplicity of implementation and it also favored the motives of some of the politicians in power. Fiscal decentralization lags behind as most central governments are reluctant to let go of the management of the country’s budget and give local administrations a small proportion of the national expenditure to manage. Since political decentralization is the primary focus of this paper, two major aspects are going to be considered: accountability and authority. This is because the two are indicators of political decentralization, and an ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Decentralization in Ethiopia and Nigeria: Authority and Accountability Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Decentralization in Ethiopia and Nigeria: Authority and Accountability Research Paper)
“Decentralization in Ethiopia and Nigeria: Authority and Accountability Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Decentralization in Ethiopia and Nigeria: Authority and Accountability


...?Accountability Introduction In a world that is increasingly becoming globalised with transnational companies reigning in economic power and supremacy, there is growing laxity in regard to the implementation of environmental regulations and high tolerance to human rights violations. The transnational companies currently are not liable to charges in regard to the destruction of the environment under international law which means that when harm is caused to individuals and by extension to future generations by a party, the party is bound to go scot free. What this implies is that international law does not give due respect to environmental accountability. While nations have instituted laws that regulate...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper


...the work of other writers who focused on a specific discipline. Summary Written during the cold war era, and especially during the Cuban missile crisis, this essay focuses on the beguiling comfort that obedience of any form produces on human beings. In this regard, the essay posits that obedience does not contribute to sweeping changes that disobedience can provide. The essay starts with a historical cliche that has been the rallying call for obedience all through humanity. Fromm identifies the phrase “obedience is a virtue, disobedience is a vice” as a phrase that people have used overtime to assert the importance of people following authority, which the essay highlights as obedience in an irrational form. However,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article


.... Since the fall of the Marxist regime in 1991, Ethiopia has decentralized its economic planning and has opted for open market policies (Cities of the World, 2002). Agriculture stands to be the most promising sector in Ethiopia that contributes more then 50 percent of its GDP and roughly 80 percent of all the Ethiopian exports (Cities of the World, 2002). Ethiopia has one of the most underdeveloped infrastructures in Africa. AGRARIAN REFORMS AND THE POLITICS OF RURAL CHANGE The economic problems in rural Ethiopia happened to be rampant and widespread. Thus, the unleashing of agrarian reforms in Ethiopia was essential to give...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Domestic Violenc in Ethiopia

...DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN ETHIOPIA INTRODUCTION Domestic violence is so rampant in Ethiopia that it is accepted as part of daily life, according to a United Nations study. Reproductive health and equality indicators for Ethiopian women rank among the worst in sub-Saharan Africa. 85 percent of Ethiopian women polled for the study say that male partners are justified in beating women for one or more reasons. These include: neglecting children, leaving the home without permission, talking with other men, not preparing food, and refusing sexual relations with their partners. "In the Ethiopian context, women and young girls are socialized to be submissive, to be passive, to be seen as unequal vis--vis boys and men....
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Simien National Park - Ethiopia

...The Simien National Park - Ethiopia Faculty Table of Contents I. Introduction II. Simien National Park – Ethiopia- Ecological Diversity and Uniqueness III. Human Intrusions Threats IV. Protection and Preservation of the Area V. Possible loss due to Intrusion Ignorance VI. Conclusion and Recommendations VII. Reference I. Introduction This paper is an effort to understand the biodiversity of Simien National Park situated in Ethiopia. It is listed on World Heritage in Danger list in the year 1996. The park is unique in its geographical, ecological and biodiversity. The first section of this paper provides general information about the Simien National Park. The same section covers various...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

“authority”, “responsibility” and “accountability”

...In a business organization techniques of manufacture must be matched with the techniques of management. Every manager delegates work wherein terms such as authority, responsibility and accountability become the basic concepts that can be described as essential of the process of delegation. Delegation involves actions such as assigning duties to subordinates, delegating the required authority to the subordinate to enable them to discharge the duties assigned to them and the assumption of responsibility by the subordinate for the word delegated to them. Authority means a right to command. Louis A. Allen described authority as “the sum of the powers and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

New York State Public Officers Law Code of Ethics and the American Political Science Association

...Accountability Accountability Accountability refers to the process of answering to high ities, at different levels. Thecode of ethics is a frame of principles which should be abided by when answering to people of higher authority or carrying out activities in different professional situations. This paper will analyze and compare the New York State Public Officers Law Code of Ethics and the American Political Science Association. In addition, the paper will analyze the accountability in both these associations. The two codes control the acts of people who are regulated or subject to these principles. They both set a level of standards for their subjects...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


...of people. Finally, the definition of authority involves influence or control applied by one person over another. In less formal situations, a leader will look to influence his or her subordinates but not control them. Controlling a group of people allows little room for them to be creative and think outside the box. In formal organizations, control is the preferred action because organizational structures are rigid and require compliance rather than creativity. In taking into account all of the definitions mentioned above, authority forms a key part of the success of any military. Military organizations by nature can be heated environments with little room for failure. Because of this,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Food Insecurity in Ethiopia

...Food Security Issues in Ethiopia I. Table of Contents Section Page Number II. Acronyms/Abbreviations 3 III. Executive Summary 4 IV. Introduction 4 A. Background 4 B. Study Objectives 5 V. Findings 5 A. Issues 5 B. Responses/Measures 7 C. Evaluation 9 VI. Conclusions 9 VII. Recommendations 10 VIII. References 11 II. Acronyms/Abbreviations (1) NGOs—nongovernmental organisations (2) FSCO—Food Security Coordination Office (3) ADLI—Agriculture Development Led Industrialisation (4) SAERP—Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Rehabilitation Program (5) PADETES—Participatory Demonstration and Training Extension...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

FGM Practices in Ethiopia

...The Policy Research Proposal Research/Situational analysis of FGM practices in Ethiopia and how well to structure the legal, outreach services, health promotion, and education programmes to address the problem Background Ethiopia is one of the African countries where female genital mutilation (FGM) is still practiced1. According to World Health Organization report of 1990, Ethiopia percentage of FGM cases stood at 85 per cent2. Despite being prevalent practice in many of African and Middle East countries, in its very nature, FGM is a form of human rights violation especially to girls and women in general. First, the UN Charter on Human Rights expresses and postulates that all...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Decentralization in Ethiopia and Nigeria: Authority and Accountability for FREE!

Contact Us