Sandra Harding and Donna Haraway are eminent social scientists who believe that the inherent objectivity that lies within social and scientific research needs to be reassessed as it does not take into…
Download file to see previous pages...
The two scientists strongly contest the objectivity of the contemporary knowledge and advocate new model of knowledge acquisition that encompasses feminist constructivist views and thereby delineating gender biases.
Harding (1986) asserts that feminist theorists are objective in their hypotheses which are ‘free of gender loyalties’ (p. 138). At the same time, they also tend to ensure that women’s activities are fully represented within the broader scope of the social relation with the existing environment. The Marxist’s analysis of bourgeois labor becomes contentious as it ignores women’s experiences and therefore, need to be redefined to include women’s contribution to social life at all levels of interaction. Harding says that while subjectivity is inherent in the feminist epistemologies, the cultural production of gender identity necessitates greater understanding of changing social structure that ‘resists the continuation of the distorting dualities of modernism’ (p. 161). She emphasizes that feminist empiricism is pertinent as it challenges the androcentric biases. Indeed, women as enquirer considerably enhance objectivity of science.
Haraway (1988) posits objectivity at the center of her arguments as male dominancy at all levels of scientific knowledge promotes biases in social constructions of not only identities but also in the social activities. She believes that feminist objectivity would help to translate knowledge across communities and power differentiated groups in a bias free manner. She says that more critical theories are required to construct meaning in order to ‘build meanings and bodies that have a chance for life’ (p. 25). The feminist objectivity highlights ‘situated knowledges’ (p. 26) that encourages paradoxical perspectives within scientific enquiry. She insists that there is no room for relativism within knowledge as it blurs the
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Name: Tutor: Course: Date: Question 3 Knowledge is a very wide topic that if we started to talk generally about it, it would take several years to evaluate and conclude. Infact, the topic ‘knowledge’ is a recurring topic and for some philosophers, the studying of knowledge as a subject on its own has been in existence for as long as philosophy has been around.
At the center of these societal controversies are a debate regarding the shift from analog to digital technologies. The progressive shift to digital technologies is often associated with the ease of processing digital information in a multiplicity of ways, unlimited information copying at no associated costs, and rapid evolution of the communication platform with progressive use of the internet, enabling people to access digital content freely.
Science has been pivotal in ascertaining the nature of these problems and has also contributed much in outlining state policies, although it is without limitations and uncertainties. The partnership of science and public policy is indeed a marvelous
Each drug has its general indications that students are using drugs. The signs and symptoms that indicate students are on drugs include the sudden change of behavior, careless about personal grooming, red eyes or glassy, and mood swings. If I suspect that one student is a drug abuser, the best thing I would do is advise them.
Canadians deserve better. We all know it. Unfortunately, we could never come out of the circles of scandals after scandals for far too long. The curse of divisive politics made it impossible to come out of this quagmire
Aristotle wrote several articles related to politics and these articles have been very vital to the people studying and practicing history and political science. He suggested several ideas that could be very important to leaders and political experts in
ped in other ways up until the scientific revolution, it was not until this particular occurrence that humans began to fundamentally shift the way in which they understood the world around them. For centuries and millennia, humanity has sought to define and understand natural
Correspondingly, the focus of study is to discuss about these two philosophical logics1. These two logics can change the traditional belief of social and political patterns.
“Naturalism” and “Constructivism”, both these
This is depicted in chapter eight of the book.
Chapter 8 illustrate the underlying responsibilities that historical depictions regarding the constructivist accounts of the prevailing story. Constructivist is significant
On most occasions, informed consent normally applies in the health care field. For example, informed consent can be given by a patient, to a medical doctor, with full knowledge of the benefits and risks associated with granting such kind of
She opines that academic elitism pits the advantaged learners against the disadvantaged learners; therefore, facilitating conflict of interest. Additionally, she observes that knowledge equaled experience; however, the question remains how to access the knowledge for the
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Politics of the knowledge for FREE!