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Raich (2005), South Dakota V. Texas (1987) and Lawrence V. Texas (2003). Moreover, the discussion will also highlight how these cases relate to the Federalists 10, 46 or 78 arguments.
The case of Gonzalez v. Raich (2005) is mainly related to the legal medical use of marijuana. In relation to this case, it can be ascertained that during the year 1996, California law passed the ‘Compassionate Use Act’, authorizing the use of marijuana for medical treatment. On the other hand, Controlled Substances Act (CSA) banned the use of the same. This difference in the viewpoints persisting between California law and CSA eventually led towards a conflicting situation. The major issue, which emerged in relation to the case, is mainly determining whether Congress is having the power to regulate marijuana production agreeable to the interstate commerce clause. Specially mentioning, this case addresses the federalism concept in the form of witnessing the involvement of both federal government and individual states concerning the regulation of producing and consuming marijuana (Oyez, Inc., “GONZALES v. RAICH”).
South Dakota v. Dole (1987) is related to the case wherein South Dakota sued district court against Dole and the US government in relation to the violation of Section 158. This particular Section sets the constitutional limits on Congress regarding the power based on “21st amendment to the US constitution.” In accordance with the South Dakota law, individuals aged 19 and above are permitted to buy beer having 3.2% alcohol. The case illustrates the dispute regarding the state and the power of federal government in relation to the implementation of a minimum drinking usage. Again, the involvement of state as well as the federal government in this jurisdiction issue relates the aforesaid case with the concept of federalism (Thomson Reuters, “SOUTH DAKOTA v. DOLE, 483 U.S.
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Moving to Texas, their marriage was invalidated because it is against the Texas Ordinance. The issues presented in the present case is whether the marriage of Susan and Mary is invalid because it is against Texas Ordinance and whether or not fundamental rights of Susan and Mary are violated by the Texas Statutes.
Existence of many sources of law however leads to dissent judgments that may be reversed on appeals. While judges and magistrates in lower courts may offer unitary judgments as they may preside over cases as single judges or magistrates, decisions in the Supreme Court are made on majority votes of presiding Supreme Court judges.
The defense argued that this was a suggestive situation, and, therefore, would promote unreliable identification. The prosecution maintained that the spontaneous meeting increased reliability, saying the issue should be decided by the jury. The trial judge suppressed the witness identification, and a mistrial was also granted.
The question remained; did the school snatch the right to have religious liberty from students by enforcing public prayer? Engel parents definitely believed so as they argued that there should be a separation of state and church based on the first amendment. The State of New York believed that it did not establish a religion.
Outside the apartment, the police officers could hear screams and people arguing and after knocking Roxanne Rojas (Fernandez’s in-house girlfriend) opened the door. Roxanne appeared fleshly battered and was bleeding according to the police
The American government is divided into various arms which perform different functions. The arms include the judiciary, legislature and the executive. Every branch of the government has distinctive functions which they perform independent of the other branches. To achieve this each has their specific roles which they perform as led by their leaders.
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