Free

Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The concept of universality in administration of human rights emerged in the 20th century, following signage of the UN Declaration of Human Rights by compliant member states. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity"

College: Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity The concept of universality in administration of humanrights emerged in the 20th century, following signage of the UN Declaration of Human Rights by compliant member states. This conception is founded upon the idea that fundamental principles that govern people’s rights are universal in nature. Some of the values provided for within the aforementioned declaration include the notion of individual freedom, democratic and political right for all, as well as, economic and social rights among others. The applicability of the universality of human rights has, however, sparked significant debate. While proponents support the concept’s ideology, opponents argue against it on the basis of cultural relativism and the apolitical nature of the campaign adopted in its advocacy. Perhaps the most pervasive argument against the universal nature of human rights is that of cultural diversity. This assertion is hinged on the assertion that since every nation or society has its distinctive cultural values, a universal approach to rights cannot be applied all around the world.
A key issue in the cultural disparity argument stems from the perception that the West differs significantly from other nations, on which it attempts to impose the idea of universal human rights. This notion is perpetuated by the fact that the UN Declaration of Human Rights was adopted when majority of Third World nations had not gained independence from the principally Western colonialists. Universality of rights is therefore perceived as cover for the West to intervene in developing countries’ affairs, while spreading its individualistic socio-cultural values in otherwise community-oriented societies. In further argument against universality, others posit that ongoing nation-building in developing countries cannot sustain individual-oriented human rights since it is a communal task. This implies that communal compliance with cultural norms is deemed viable, as opposed to upholding universal rights at the expense of an entire society’s cultural structure and stability.
Although the culture relativism argument puts forth a significant consideration on the need to tailor rights to valuable societal norms, it overlooks the numerous violations of rights justified by such practices. Upholding local or religious principles over rights may pave way for dictatorships or fundamentally religious regimes that enslave people in various ways, as an excuse for cultural adherence. An excellent example is the fundamentalist Islamic government of Saudi Arabia, which like many Middle Eastern nations defends an ideology of human rights based on the Koran, yet fails to reflect basic human rights. Saudi Arabia declined to be a signatory to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, arguing that provisions of this declaration went contrary to Islam based law. Of particular concern was equality within the institution of marriage, which is deemed impossible in the primarily patriarchal society and the freedom of belief, among others. As a result, women are predisposed to domestic abuse and oppression and there is little to no tolerance for non-Muslims.
Overall, it is unquestionable that culture plays an integral role in any society including the process of defining and upholding human rights. This implies that universal rights advocates and other stakeholders in this ongoing debate should be sensitive to disparities embedded in culture. However, involved parties including governments and human rights campaigners should not allow cultural differences to supersede widely acknowledged civil liberties. Such fundamental universal rights include people’s right to be protected from harm, freedom to life, and freedom of existence, among others. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity Essay”, n.d.)
Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1662409-universality-of-human-rights-and-cultural-disparity
(Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity Essay)
Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity Essay. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1662409-universality-of-human-rights-and-cultural-disparity.
“Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1662409-universality-of-human-rights-and-cultural-disparity.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity

Cultural Relativism and Universal Human Rights

...for the political, sociological and moral conservatives tend to despair over the influence of cultural relativism on intellectual though and shift away from the objective and the identifiable standards as the measure for all truth-claims. However, the adoption of the cultural relativism does not abandon the idea of commitment towards universal standards or to the human rights. Cultural relativism is a celebration for the poststructuralists and postmodernists. However, it is viewed negatively by the moral conservatives who consider cultural relativism as degradation of the moral obligations. In many instances...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Universality of Human Rights

...surged in the recent history with the codification of the International Law since the end of the Second World War. The formation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 and the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in 1966.5 The universality of the human rights was reinforced in the Vienna Declaration and Program of Action which states a common standard for all people of the world. This declaration states, “All human rights are universal, indivisible and...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Human Rights and Processes of Change (cultural)

...?RUNNING HEAD: HUMAN RIGHTS AND PROCESSES OF CHANGE Human Rights and Processes of Change School Human Rights and Processes of Change Introduction Human right is one of the most important values in modern times. The current human rights norms and practices have evolved from centuries of war and struggle. Blood has been the capital of many of our forefathers so that the present generation will benefit from their sacrifices. Scholars and theorists have endeavoured to refine the elements that comprise human rights. And in the process, several...
8 Pages(2000 words)Book Report/Review

Human Rights

...on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Having been denied mobility and access to toilet facility the MP disregarded the best interest of the child which the CHR has categorically stated: “shall be a primary consideration” (Human Rights Education Associates 2007). Article 13 of the ECHR provides a right to an effective remedy but only if there is an arguable claim for the violation of a Convention right (Interights, 2007, p. 3), which in Rik’s case is Article 11 and as a consequence Article 6: The right to liberty and security. Aside from this, there are other pertinent international remedies available to Rik, such as Article 8 of the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Leininger's Cultural Care Diversity and Universality

...? Leininger's Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Leininger's Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Introduction The Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality was brought forth by Dr. Leininger who combined anthropology and nursing and thus came up with the concept of trans-cultural nursing practice. Leininger’s theory is among the earliest nursing theories and is now used worldwide in nursing practice as the only theory dedicated to the concept of trans-cultural nursing. This paper gives a critical analysis and discussion of Leininger’s theory in relation to nursing care, the relevance of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Human Rights/Political Rights

..." is not applicable. Having said this, the protection of the human rights of minorities is the obligation of each and every individual in power. The concept of human rights represents a long and arduous struggle-one that has been fought through the collaborative efforts of the nations of the United Nations and embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, our moral and ethical rights include notion that we are born free and equal in dignity (Article 1). In so doing, we are have the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Human Rights/Political Rights

...HUMAN RIGHTS AND POLITICAL RIGHTS This paper has been written on basis of the works done by Simone deBeauvoir, JohnStuart Mill and some of the political writings by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The reviews of above mentioned authors have been taken into consideration while preparing this paper. The human and political rights are the important aspects in today’s social life. Every human being has been provided with some basic fundamental rights by their governments to exist in society, which he/she has to follow. Then there are political rights that are used to protect basic fundamental...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Human Rights

...Human rights Are human rights truly universal? Are the rights in the UDHR too western-biased? Should we try to simplify and reduce the number of human rights? Human rights are not truly universal. The rights differ in their application all over the world, depending on the conditions of the various nations. Article 26, for example, asserts, “Everyone has the right to education.” However, many African children in developing countries fail to access education, given the conditions in their respective countries. The...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Human Rights

...Human Rights The article talks of the increase of the female genital mutilation (FGM) in Egypt. It begins by describing the trial of a doctor over the death of 13-year-old girl Suhair al Bataa who had gone through the procedure (Guerin 1). The girl’s father is also being prosecuted. There is also a description of the girl status before the death. Friends and neighbors describe her as being extremely frightened over the procedure (Guerin 1). She had even lost hope of having a good life after the procedure. The FGM is described as being rampant during the summer break when most of the girls are out of school. The FGM is shown to be common due to deep faith and tradition. It is carried out in the name of...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Human Rights

...of the attacks (Syria chemical attack, 2013). Samples obtained from the attacked areas by the Organization for the Prohibition of the Chemical Weapons, confirm the presence of sarin, a nerve agent, found in a majority of rockets used in the attacks. These findings are consistent with the organophosphate intoxication found in the blood and urine samples of those who survived the attacks. Reports from the Human Rights Watch have found no evidence for the use of huge quantities of chemicals and possession of rockets by the opposition forces (Syria chemical attack, 2013). However, despite several concrete reports on the role of Syrian government in the attacks, the regimen has denied any role in the attacks...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Disparity for FREE!

Contact Us