Free

Development public expenditures & Urban services delivery - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Public expenditure refers to expenditure incurred or spends by the government, which can be a state, local, or central government of a country to meet with the collective social needs of people. Public expenditure can be classified into functional, revenue and capital…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.6% of users find it useful
Development public expenditures & Urban services delivery
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Development public expenditures & Urban services delivery"

Developmental public expenditure versus redistributive public expenditures Insert Insert Public expenditure refers to expenditure incurred or spends by the government, which can be a state, local, or central government of a country to meet with the collective social needs of people. Public expenditure can be classified into functional, revenue and capital expenditure, transfer and non-transfer expenditure, productive and unproductive expenditure, development and non-development expenditure.
Developmental public expenditures refer to expenditure incurred by the government to enhance the growth of the economy of its country according to Shantayanan et al (1996). Developmental public expenditure includes expenditure on infrastructure, development of agriculture, and public enterprises. This expenditure incurred by the government increases capacity of production and in the long run acts source of income to the government (Shantayanan Devarajan, 1996).
Redistributive public expenditure is public expenditures incurred by the government to foster public health to benefit all persons. Government use expenditures as devices for redistribution. Redistributive public expenditure includes expenditure incurred by the government in the provision of public health, welfare, education, and public pension. How maintaining adequate levels of urban service delivery at the time of falling revenue and shrinking budgets has become a monumental challenge for government at all levels (Shantayanan Devarajan, 1996).
Shantayanan et al (1996) argues that falling revenue and shrinking budgets have become a challenge to the government to maintain sufficient delivery of municipal services (Shantayanan Devarajan, 1996). Households that are poor spend all their income to meet daily needs and are not able to save for future. In addition, the government lack resources for budgetary to make public investment and administration by employing managers that are qualified and using current systems of technology (Shantayanan Devarajan, 1996). On the other hand, foreign investors move from economies with no underlying infrastructure.
The government should put down strategies to increase profits and strategies to address deficit budget. The government should enhance employment and growth of the economy; an economy that grows faster provides win-win results of a wide proverbial pie of economy to divide, with greater tax revenues and employment, lowering safety of net spending lower debt to GDP ratio. The government should make trade-offs that are equitable since most budgets have choices of win-lose outcomes, showing how government revenues are shared to benefit and to be incurred as costs.
References
Shantayanan Devarajan, V. S.-f. (1996). The composition of public expenditure and economic growth. Journal of Monetary Economics, 37(2), 313–344. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Development public expenditures & Urban services delivery Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1662017-development-public-expenditures-urban-services-delivery
(Development Public Expenditures & Urban Services Delivery Essay)
https://studentshare.org/social-science/1662017-development-public-expenditures-urban-services-delivery.
“Development Public Expenditures & Urban Services Delivery Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1662017-development-public-expenditures-urban-services-delivery.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Development public expenditures & Urban services delivery

Human Services Delivery

...drawback and the main failure for which the organization got severe criticism from the American government as well as from the general public. Thus in all these above circumstances the systems thinking, was totally neglected by the American Red Cross organization. The ways by which the target agency linked effectively to external systems The American Red Cross was able to successfully link with the agencies like the NOAA which is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to the Radio emergency service, which is a component of its own organization. This kind of link enabled the organization to get the latest information and the weather reports regarding the movement of the Hurricane Katrina,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Tampa Urban Development

...?Tampa Urban Development Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 Urban Development in America 4 Geographical Analysis of Tampa Development 4 Urban Development of Tampa 5 Transportation of Tampa 7 Suburbanization of Tampa 10 Conclusion 12 Introduction The surface of the world is changing quickly. The changes are in the form of local, provincial, national, and even international in range. A number of changes occur due to several natural calamities, for example, earthquakes or flow of air and other changes happen due to human activities such as agricultural growth, resource mining, water resources improvement,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Financing Delivery of Healthcare Services

...?Financing Delivery of Health Care Services in Mexico Grade (13th, Oct, Financing Delivery of Health Care Services in Mexico Healthcare in Mexico is provided through three major avenues; namely the public institutions, the private health institutions and individualized care offered by private physicians. Therefore, there are varied sources of financing for healthcare in this country, which a Chief Financing Officer of a healthcare facility can rely on. This discussion seeks to address different methods of public and private healthcare financing in Mexico, with the aim of assessing their structures and how they can be improved to enhance...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Urban Regeneration Partnerships

...it was achieved Process outcome evaluation- methods of implementing the objectives Collaborative mechanism evaluation - which evaluates the partnerships Interactive evaluation - based on the different stakeholders' view Based on the above different frame works can be designed and each would have its merits and demerits. One type of framework best suited to measure the economic growth may not be suitable to evaluate a health improvement partnership. 1. Performance Management framework -NRU model The Neighbourhood Renewal model for local strategic partnership was developed by Neighbourhood renewal unit as a performance management tool to Strengthen the delivery of services to meet the...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Delivery of Public Services

...adults hold assets above the mandatory figure of 22,250. "The rules regarding the means-testing of housing assets can particularly influence eligibility. If the value of the house was not included in the means-test, around 95,000 UK care home residents (24 per cent of all residents) would become eligible for public funding (Funding adult social care in England, 2009). This proves older adults do posses assets that could help them fund for their social care. The debate is serious enough to raise the question whether or not older people must be made to pay for social services on their behalf in the United Kingdom. Like any other community, the older people want to live as a thriving group and on their own...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Urban Regeneration and Development

...emerging from various departments, at diverse interlude as well as geographic scales. Concurrently this requires an implicit as well as transverse vision of urban rejuvenation, Bianchini, F and Parkinson, M (1993) Multifarious procedures; the design and implementation of policies of metropolis rejuvenation demand numerous competences. Since this cannot be monitored by an individual, but by a team, it is therefore necessary to systematize the various technical actors and specialized services in the field of study or construction, from public and associated institutions. Bureau, communal housing establishment, developer) or unrestricted departments in a project team. The...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Urban tourism development

...Urban tourism development in Trafalgar square (London) January, Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Introduction: 3 A special tourism known as cultural tourism has made its place in the past few decades. In cultural tourism people move about places and cities to study and observe different types of cultures. According to Delbaere cultural tourism is different from leisure tourism. According to him recreational tourism is to enjoy your hobbies at places far away from your home. Serious leisure means organized hunt of volunteer actions. 4 Aim 5 Literature Review 6 Methodology 11 Data Analysis: 13 Conclusion 19 References 21 Appendix.I 23 Appendix.II 24 Introduction: Over the last few decades there is an...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper

Urban sustainable development

...Urban sustainable development A large proportion of the world population now resides within cities. This presents great challenges, but also many opportunities when it comes to confronting issues of resource depletion, climate change, and environmental degradation. In the light of this, policy makers have increased concentrated on how to develop and sustain successful models of sustainable urban development initiatives. Furthermore, several theoretical conceptualizations of urban sustainability have been formulated with the aim of enhancing people’s understanding and thinking of sustainable development. Many major cities...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

The Delivery of Health Services

...Telecommunications Technology and the Delivery of Health Services al Affiliations Introduction Telemedicine is a word that is a component of two words, that is, ‘Tele, meaning distance and medicine. Telemedicine, therefore, is the application of telecommunication and information technologies otherwise known as IT for the purposes of administering medical healthcare from quite some distance. This technological advancement in the field of medicine and nursing has become very essential since it does away with barriers related to distance hence providing improved medical access. In addition to this, the technology is very beneficial in terms of life-saving practices especially during critical times of emergencies. Despite the fact... not to have...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Urban Development Study

...of bicycle lanes have lowered the traffic on the roads and provision of commercial services close to someone’s premise has reduced the urge to travel to town. However, failure in embracing better ways to reduce motor vehicle influx to towns has proved futile. Strict industrial laws results in firms begin slightly far from the town centers lowering pollution effects to the large population. Its vast rivers provide a means of transport, water supply for the dwellers(Networks). Urban development is a changing course and it should study current trends in population. This will allow easy expansion and growth at a balanced rate where the citizens reap maximum benefit from proper...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Development public expenditures & Urban services delivery for FREE!

Contact Us