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Reading notes - Essay Example

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Sandel, (2009) quotes Charlie Crist who says that, “It is astounding to me, the level of greed that someone must have in their soul to be willing to take advantage of someone suffering in the wake of a hurricane.” Crist believes that there needs to be a law that governs…
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Reading notes
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October 17, Fong Cheung Bus 102(024) SID: 861119334 Justice: What is the Right thing to do? Sandel, (2009) quotes Charlie Crist who says that, “It is astounding to me, the level of greed that someone must have in their soul to be willing to take advantage of someone suffering in the wake of a hurricane.” Crist believes that there needs to be a law that governs people on what to do on such circumstances. On the same, Crist touches on welfare, freedom and virtue, and how they are related to laws. Laws help in forming an organized society. A question that has caught attention on the same matter is that regarding “the Purple Heart” and who deserves to get it. From around 1932, the military always received awards depending on the number of killings in battle. A military group stands to oppose this mode of awarding and recognition, arguing that it completely disregards the aspect of honor and respect to the military. The country faces a financial crisis that has averted her economy for the worse. The bailout outcomes have caused Americans to suffer under the hands of the government. From this we can see the Afghan Goatherds in place, which defines that people do not always get what they want. Such events may bring about the subject of moral dilemma: In this Plato’s perception is to overlook prejudgment and focus on the right virtues.
Utilitarianism is explained in the argument of overall happiness. Utilitarianism is defined through two objections. One which argues whether it is right to take a harmful action in the interest of another action and the argument which sees the benefits of the chosen action.
Libertarianism is used to question whether we own ourselves and our decisions or whether we are subject to a superior figure that controls us. Thus, it creates a minimal state of the two sides. Three policies fall under this minimal state; number of moral legislation, paternalisms and wealth. Also, the concept of “Free-Market” spans out indicatively on the issue of economic inequality. Take for instance Michael Jordan’s money being taxed. The extra taxation is explained as an intention to help other people with the money collected. However, from a libertarian perspective, choice of voluntary action gets violated.
There is the question of morals and markets. In this, people may get hired for a particular task but end up doing two or more tasks that may have not featured in the agreement. Putting into consideration the libertarian and utilitarian reasoning, high effectiveness could be observed in a case of a volunteer army as compared to any other. Still under this scenario, surrogacy features heavily on its view as voluntary or a business oriented. There are instances that commercial surrogacy occurs. Looking at such a situation in different light, it appear as if it involves the selling and buying of babies. Thus this is morally wrong, despite the voluntary face it presents. Once again, libertarianism and utilitarianism are used to view the theories of surrogacy and justice.
Sandel (2009) elaborately explains how Immanuel Kant sees the misinterpretation of human rights through the utilitarianism perspective. To Kant, utilitarianism targets to establish overall happiness in people and not individuals; thus achieving human rights. However, going by this argument, it is okay for an individual to suffer for the greater good of people. This poses the question of morals and whether it is acceptable for the individual to suffer. Kant counter explains this by saying that, morality should not be determined through simply taking empirical observations. Thus Kant’s argument, “If rights don’t rest on utility, what is their moral basis?” It is from the questioning of what a moral is that a definitive explanation is shown by the utilitarian reasoning. Self-ownership has repercussions achieved from the choices people make.
References
Sandel, M. (2009). What’s the Right Thing to do? Justice. Read More
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