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The nature of Islam as a religion accounts for the reason why democracy is a distant vision in the vast Muslim world. Muslim scholars and political philosophers have conducted numerous empirical studies meant to establish the relationship between Islam and democracy. Most of these empirical studies are motivated by the fact that there has been a profound resistance of democracy by Muslims; thus indicating that Islam and democracy are not compatible.
As an illustration of the aforementioned incompatibility, we will discuss interaction of religion and democracy in modern Islamic states like Saudi Arabia, Malaysia and Indonesia. Admittedly, Saudi Arabia has been an absolute monarchy state since time immemorial. Citizens of Saudi Arabia have never participated in any political election (58-59).1 The only reason for this absence of participation is attributed to the fact that the absolute monarchy system in Saudi Arabia does not permit formation of political parties. The king, who is the leader of the royal family, literally rules the nation. However, the king must comply with Islamic law, commonly referred to as the Sharia. This means all functions and decisions of the royal leadership are made in accordance with provisions of Sharia. Influence of Islam remains fully practical particularly because the royal leadership performs all the executive, judicial and legislative functions.2 Presently, Saudi Arabia is an example of modern states where Islam remains fully influential in social, economic and political platforms.
Unlike Saudi Arabia, Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy state. Citizens participate in election of parliamentary representatives. However, the king of Malaysia is appointed by a royal council of hereditary rulers. Citizens have limited participation in high-level politics. Recently, political parties like the
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It is therefore exploration of the political system of this faith has always been the matter of great interest for the analysts, historians and readers alike. Though no religious faith follows specific political system, yet faiths provide the individuals with an outline for leading the individual and collective life in an orderly and organized manner; the same is applied to the Islamic system of government.
According to the paper the roots of democracy also originate from the medieval Islamic period, when then rulers were ruling the public of Medina democratically. Democracy is basically such a ruling pattern in which great emphasis is laid on assigning rights to the common public and endowing the people who construct the nation with the benefits achieved by those in authority.
Moreover, it has unique belief patterns and worship to an exclusive deity that is evident among all the other worldly religions. Introduction The word Islam connotes the willful and total submission to the worship of the god ‘Allah’ (Tamara, 2010). Moreover, the word ‘Islam’ represents peace as it is a natural effect that comes by when one submits to the doctrines of Allah.
Islam is a monotheistic religion that is articulated by the Holy Quran. Islam is based on the concept of submission to Allah and accepting his supremacy over all and believing in the Holy Prophet and the Holy Quran. One becomes a Muslim by reciting the Shahadah declaring his submission to Allah and accepting that Muhammad is the prophet.
After, we will move to the future of Islam. Examine if further development of the religion is possible.
The history of Islam is very extensive and we will have to travel through a period of more then 12 centuries to discover the
The latter part of the 20th century witnessed the growth of interest in the interplay between human rights, democracy, and sharia all over the Islamic world, but specifically in Iran, Indonesia, and Egypt. Many contemporary scholars have tried to separate Islam from legalistic and traditionalistic views by introducing their own interpretations of Islam.
In the United States for instance, research indicates that homicide rates are not related to the death penalty across all states, signifying that the presence of this punishment does not deter crime (Ruppin,
m that believed the existence of more than 300 gods created confusion, paving a way for Prophet Muhammad to introduce and replace the confusion with the religion if Islamic monotheism, that had a less confusing explanation of the existence of God. Thus, what is considered by the
From the research "Islam" it is clear that a kind of spiritual democracy whose real sovereign is only God can be thought about, the ideal state whose ideal principle which needs only from human beings to be likeminded about the cosmos.
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