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Ancient and Medieval Political Theory - Essay Example

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It does analyze various authors and philosophers with regard to democracy and their views on justice and what It really is. It has various books of philosophy as pillars of analyzing democracy and justice in…
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Ancient and Medieval Political Theory
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The Greek way of distinguishing what justice and democracy really are, passes through the analyses of various philosophical minds. The definition of the same with regard to the Republic by Plato and the character Thyrasymachus is justice is “serving the interest of the stronger”, and secondly, is the obedience to the laws of one state”. However, Socrates thinks that the two assertions cannot be real explanations since the predicates they carry do conflict in one way or another. Plato rounds up by defining justice as “the greatest good”. In the definition of what democracy is, the philosopher, In Gorgias, through Socrates, Plato, thinks that “ a criminal who does wrong without receiving any punishment is the most wretched person of all” (Plato, 115)
Through Socrates, Plato makes attempts that are repeated in a way in order to give good reason for the fact that justice is a tool meant to design all the needs of the people in the society who are powerful and rich. Consequently, Plato was able to prove that the justice had a liaison in the inherent meaning though acting in line with democracy.
In that context Plato does claim that there is democracy in Athens which most people in their argument do attest to. He argues through Socrates, that in a society or country, or city that has democracy, it is not easy for an individual to get his or her justice.
He defined justice as a virtue that is helpful in the development of an order basis with proper integration of the societal role and does not make interference with any other societal part. The meaning as depicted sounds a bit controversial given the fact that it does relate to the meaning of justice in the traditional realm and the rationale developed basing on fair play. Plato thinks that political justice is “harmony in a structured political body” Justice is when three parts of the soul (spirited appetitive, and reasoning) work ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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