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Due to development in science and related ethical considerations in the western part of the world, patients and those related to them have more opportunities to be aware of mistakes and errors committed by their medical practitioners which further allows them to follow an appropriate course of action depending on the nature of MEs. Another significant factor that leads to formation of processes involved in disclosure of medical errors is Judeo-Christian traditions prevailing in western part of the world. Although these traditions are not universally applicable however secular western societies recognize them well. Some of the major Judeo-Christian expectations include confession, repentance and forgiveness. According to Berlinger and Wu (2003),
When one misses the mark in terms of another person, Jewish and Christian traditions prescribe a series of concrete, reciprocal practices: confession, which includes disclosure and apology; repentance, which includes the actions that the person who has harmed another undertakes to compensate for the error; and forgiveness, through which the person who has been harmed signals that he or she has been adequately compensated. These practices may serve as a lifelong reference point for ethical conduct (106)i.”
In order to devise a concrete mechanism of disclosure and apology by medical institutions to those directly affected by these medical errors, it is important to identify and understand expectations on part of patients and those related to them. Where apologies are the ultimate expectation of these parties, admitting fault and confessing them are the first step to resolutions of such situations. It is important to note that admitting fault may be sufficient enough to raise liability of medical practitioners and institutions in case patients and their relatives decide to enter into law suits.
Another important element of accepting and disclosing medical errors is repentance on part of medical authorities involved
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Summary Medication errors are the most frequently occurring medical errors. Adverse events for patients occur as a result, and yet these errors are preventable. In comparison to all segments of population the potential harm from medication errors is higher in the pediatric population segment in comparison to the adult population Evidence from studies demonstrate that the pediatric population is at three times a higher risk than the adult population.
These include illegibly written prescriptions, dispensing errors, calculation errors, etc. Among the above cited errors, some of the errors are considered to be most crucial and they have considerable impact on the patients, for example, the monitoring errors and the administering errors.
By setting up the home care and critical access hospital goals, the joint commission has taken a very important step in preventing medical errors. In critical access hospital, the goal has several mandates which facilitate the implementation of actions while in home care several goals are attached to reduction of errors in medication.
Most of the nursing medical errors occur when wrong prescriptions are made. When such errors are made, the government and the patients are the most affected. The former for instance may be asked to pay patients who have been victims of medical errors. On the other hand, patients’ health may either get worse or lead to uncalled for deaths.
With that vividly stated, this paper will seek to focus on medical errors, their causes, challenges, possible solutions as well as the ethical principles that guide every aspect of medical errors in the health care facility. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), medical errors are mistakes which are committed while disbursing patient care and they can be very harmful to the patient (Freisen, Farquhar and Hughes, n.d).
Moreover, it is usually associated with myriad and complicated challenges that require proper decision making beginning by the process of selection, implementation as well as training and maintaining the electronic health records. This
The exercise resulted in a lot of pain, emotional distress and collapsed the patient’s trust in physicians and the hospital. The patient’s experience underscores the challenges of keeping the patients aware of medical errors promptly. Fatal medical
One of the situations involving error disclosure is the incorrect labeling of medical samples. This is especially the case when samples are taken from different patients and labeled together. The practitioner may confuse the labeling leading to wrong
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