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Particularly, Montesquieu and Locke agreed on the doctrine of separation of powers and the legitimacy of the government as being founded upon the will of the people, as shall be seen in the ensuing discourse.
John Locke’s ideas that characterize his persuasion on his opinion concerning the best form of government are mostly found in his Second Treatise on Civil Government. In this light, Locke believed that the best form of government is direct democracy. Locke believed that the best form of government had to have limited power. By the term limited power Locke meant that there had to be an existence of checks and balance.
John Locke postulated that such a government had to begin by the majority entering into a commonwealth as they choose their government. This majority may therefore choose to have a democracy wherein they retain their legislative powers. Conversely, the majority can also opt for an oligarchy wherein they subject legislative power to a small group of selected individuals. A monarchy may also be preferred upon by the majority, so that power is concentrated on an individual. So far, Locke’s perspective appears neutral (Locke, 54).
Locke’s neutrality is eradicated the moment he says that the majority should have the power to change the government and types of government. He also states that governments should be formed, based on the choices that subjects make. This seems to heavily resonate with the Vox populi, vox Dei notion which places the mandate and functions of the government as being ancillary to the will and voice of the masses. The notion that power to change the government and types of government should belong to the people also underscores the democratic principle that people can remove one regime and replace it with another which they deem more efficient and representational of their will. This lays ground for direct participation of the public in
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In this study it will be argued that, while Locke placed utmost importance on the idea of natural rights, Hobbes was early proponent of utilitarian concepts in politics, which informs the antagonism between their positions
John Locke (1632-1704) and his work Two Treatises on Government (1690) is also a seminal work on political thought, because he stresses the precedence of civil society over the government. These political thinkers have similarities and differences in how the idea of Europe as a “Civil Society” changed over time.
Jefferson would once say, “Bacon, Locke, Newton ... I consider them as the three greatest men that have ever lived, without any exception, and as having laid the foundation of those superstructures which have been raised in the Physical and Moral sciences" (‘Three Greatest Men’).
Social contract was a progressive revolution that inspired reforms in many nations all over the world. In many European nations, social contract was always against monarchs who thought that they were empowered to legislate. The contract between the citizenry determines whether there can be a political authority that is legitimate.
When we traverse places of the world, then the realization of the differences that exist in the human society becomes even more evident. The whole difference is ever obviously portrayed in all manner of modesty contrasted with primitivism.
He was later involved in war as a soldier, and it was after his return from war that he married a religious wife.Despite the fact that these feelings were quite intense, he overcame them all through the help of the Holy Spirit (Bunyan, 56). One day, he came to accept that Jesus Christ was his righteousness through the revelation of a Bible verse by the Holy Spirit.
Locke attempted to explain the reasons King James II was overthrown justifiably and why he was ascended by William III. He as well wanted to define the legal role of the civil government. He defined the role of the civil government as the political power and a right of law making.
Purpose of Government according to Philosophers. The purpose for which governments should exist has been a preoccupation of philosophers from the classical period to the modern societies. While Plato and Aristotle represent classical philosophers, Hobbes and Locke are a part of what is seen as modern philosophers.
From his early childhood, Locke was inspired by the ideals of his Puritanical father. Locke was a keen observer and a fast learner and had a deep interest in exploring philosophical and Biblical questions.
From 1646 to 1652, Locke studied at the Westminster School in London.
Similar to Spain, China also sought to expand its boundaries through trade and exploration. As such, the country use the exploration capabilities of Zheng He to explore the Americas (Reilly 445). One wonders why these countries
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