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Identifying Fallacies - Assignment Example

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The assignment "Identifying Fallacies" states that There’s no point in trying to conserve energy as the government is urging; they haven’t fulfilled any of their campaign promises. Begging the question: There is no reason given for not conserving electricity. …
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Identifying Fallacies
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President Obama should not have reversed his predecessor’s ruling on stem cell research; President Bush was obviously right on that issue.
Red-Herring: No proper reasoning is given to conclude that President Obama should not have rejected the claim. It was only because Bush was right.
Everybody in SOM and SOV has incorporated the clickers into their lessons; SAS is behind the times.
Ad-Populum: Wrong conclusion from the premise. The premise incorrectly argues that because of something that SOM and SOV does, the entire SAS lags behind the times.
Test scores have improved since the Board fired Chief Examiner David G.
Post-Hoc: Firing of David might not be the only reason for the improvement in student’s performances.
A concerned citizen says: “That man is an alcoholic. Liquor should be banned.
Ad-Hominem: The argument incorrectly argues that Liquor should be banned for the entire country, just because the person is concerned about one person who is drunk.
A citizen who thinks he knows it all argues, “Clogged arteries require surgery to clear them; our clogged roads require equally drastic measures.”
False Analogy: The roads and arteries come under different spheres and they cannot be used as an analogy. One is related to medical, other to civil sciences.
Thompson is the most successful cricketer the country has ever had because he’s the best cricketer in our history.
Circular Reasoning: The argument believes that Thompson is successful because he’s the best cricketer in history and no reasons for his successfulness are given.
If you don’t send Lisa to private school this year, she will never gain admission to college.
False Dilemma: The argument incorrectly generalizes the fact that Lisa won't get admission in college unless she studies in a private school. This is wrong because there are a lot of people from public schools in colleges.
The students from the US and Britain shouldn’t have any problems affording high tuition.
Sweeping Generalization: All the students are not rich and some do have a problem in paying their fees. The argument therefore incorrectly generalizes that people should people of USA and UK do not have any problem in affording their tuition fees.a Read More
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