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In the U.K. the Government has recognized the importance of preserving equality and civil liberties in the interest of overall progress in the State. The Race Relations Act framed in 1976 specifically deals with discrimination on the grounds of race in the fields of employment, training education, housing and other services deemed necessary to ensure that the civil liberties of an individual are not hampered*3. This act was further amended in 2000 to incorporate discrimination from all public bodies. Chapter 74, Section 1 of the Race relations Act sets out the grounds that will constitute a violation of the provisions of the Act by any person when “on racial grounds, he treats that other less favorably than he treats or would treat other persons” especially when “he cannot show [it] to be justifiable, irrespective of the color, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins of the person to whom it is applied.” Part II of the Act deals specifically with discrimination exercised by employers and under Section 4, an employer’s action would also be deemed to be unlawful under the provisions of this act if he discriminates against an employee or potential employee by “refusing or deliberately omitting to offer him that employment.”
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The Act provides that an employer need not treat an employee, a former employee, or a job applicant, worse than any other person due to a protected characteristic thereto considered as direct discrimination needs. In this regard, the Act provides that in a situation of maternity or pregnancy, this direct discrimination can arise simply if the individual has the characteristic considered protected without the need to compare such treatment to other individuals.
The specific strategies adopted by certain employers seem to have interfered with the religious sentiments of some of the employees. In such cases, there has been a dispute between the two parties regarding the imposition of these employment policies. This paper has tried to handle the sensitive issue of religious discrimination in the light of the related legislation in this area.
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This essay describes that The Equality Act covered: the creation of the Commission on Equality and Human Rights, anti-discrimination in the provision of goods and services on the grounds of religion, belief and sexual orientation, and for the first time placed a duty on public authorities to promote equality of opportunity between men and women.
These persons were let off scot free because of police racism. The public outcry resulting from this incident resulted in an inquiry, which concluded that the police was racist. Unfortunately, all this fanfare did not result in the conviction of this gang (The shocking case that lifted the lid on racism, 2003).
While “equal opportunity” underscores the need for dealing with every individual in practically the same way regardless of varied needs, there are distinct situations in which the term is taken to mean that certain individuals should be offered training
Racial discrimination can be taken as a hurdle in the material and social progress needed by a country. Also, it has been taken into observation that discrimination among minority groups and the groups which are