Nobody downloaded yet

Chinas One-Child Policy: Birth Control and Chinese Demographics - Term Paper Example

Comments (0)
The author concludes that the One-Child Policy has accomplished the goal of reducing the population growth rate and only needs to be less coercive and more reward based, which will allow the world community to respect the positive outcomes due to China’s efforts. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.1% of users find it useful
Chinas One-Child Policy: Birth Control and Chinese Demographics
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Chinas One-Child Policy: Birth Control and Chinese Demographics"

Download file to see previous pages In 2006, China had a population of over 1.3 billion people and is predicted to grow to just over 1.4 billion by the year 2050 ("2006 World", 2006). This makes China the most populous country in the world today. However, because of implemented measures to reduce its rate of population growth, in 2050, it is projected to be the second most populated country just behind India ("2006 World", 2006). In the 1960s and 1970s, when the population seemed to be increasingly out of control, the use of contraceptives began to be promoted vigorously, which gradually resulted in a drop in fertility rates in China (Kent & Haub, 2005). The most popular contraceptive method used continued to be female sterilization and intrauterine devices (IUDs), followed by oral contraceptives (Kend & Haub, 2005). This was successful in lowering fertility rates, however, the Chinese government still believed a more rigid policy must be implemented to successfully contain the population rate.
The history of China's population control has fluctuated between encouraging births at certain times in its history, while actively prohibiting births at another (Love, 2005). In 1949, the same year the People's Republic of China (PRC) was created, the regime encouraged births to "increase the rate of socioeconomic development and to strengthen the county" (Love, 2005, p. 143). In fact, the leader of the Chinese Revolution, Mao Zedong, publicly announced that a large population would be a very good thing for China because out of all the things in existence in the world, "people are the most precious (Zedong, as cited by Love, 2005, p. 143). The population grew so fast during that time, that only a few years later, policy changes were implemented.
In 1954, birth control was discussed openly by the PRC, however, only four years later in 1958, Mao returned to promoting births once again, calling for three years of "intense efforts" to build the Chinese population (Love, 2005, p. 144).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Chinas One-Child Policy: Birth Control and Chinese Demographics

One-Child Policy

...?Precis One child policy of China was its family planning program that was introduced in 1979 as population control mechanism and implemented from 1978 on first born children. During Mao Zedong’s leadership, while the birth rate had fallen from 37% to 20% and children mortality decreased from 227/1000 to 53/1000 from 1949 to 1981, the life expectancy had literally doubled from 35 years to 65 years by 1976. The population too had jumped from 540 million to 940 million in the same period. The family planning program had therefore, become critical for socio-economic growth of the nation. It was designed for one generation...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Chinese Birth Control Policy and gender discrimination

...for demographic goals has overshadowed the needs and interests of women and girls. This has led to serious discrimination against women in offices, abuse by officials and civil servants, and use of physical violence against women (Thoma 24). For instance, in many Chinese communities, women and girls are forced to be sterilized or use contraceptives, as a birth control method. Additionally, accidental pregnancies are usually terminated, and “out-of-plan childone parent, who is usually the mother, must be sterilized. This paper thematically, reviews and provides an analysis about Chinese Birth...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Chinas One Child Policy

...the infrastructure needed to serve the people’s economic needs. Consequently, the government can fill the basic health and other needs of the smaller population. The government’s policy was able to prevent an estimated 398 million births during the policy’s compulsory implementation. With a lesser population there is lesser demand for agricultural products. Furthermore, a group of China scientists led by policy manager used the Dutch and United Kingdom population control policies as basis for proposing the China's compulsory one-child population...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

One-child Policy

...? One-child Policy Introduction The policy of one-child which was initially implemented by the government of People’s Republic of China in 1979, as atool for family planning looking at the grave consequence in the long term, has been viewed to be possible course of action that could be undertaken by other large democracies like US, India, etc. Apart from the government’s initiative to implement the one-child policy, a major section of the educated class of people in these countries has started to consider the advantages and the drawbacks of the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Chinas One Child Policy

...from location to location." Accordingly, in most rural areas, families are allowed to have two children if the first child is female. In addition, second children are subject to birth spacing of three or four years. If more children are born in the family, this will result in fines. It is reported that most families are required to "pay economic penalties and cannot receive bonuses from the birth control program (One Child Policy 2)." Privileges are given to children in one child families one of which is lower payment. China's One...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Chinas One Child Policy control their own reproduction; instead, the state decided to take control. The state argues this was done out of necessity because of the social and cultural aspects in vogue at the time. But today, several decades later, many wonder if it was even necessary. For example, has it done much to address this state problem? Even today, China’s birthrate is closer to 2 births per woman at around 1.8 births per woman. This is significantly highly than in many Western developed countries which have a low birth rate and no planning policy. Many of the women in these countries rely on birth...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Birth Control Policy

...involved. The post positivism theories normally anchors upon two main policy analysis. These are the role of rationality as well as the ideas and the part they play on the policy change. In the case of birth control the rationale is that the directive and the mandate seeks to offer a health package to the involved. The idea playing part is that even the employees of the religiously affiliated institutions have the right of access to proper health care regardless of the beliefs of the employer. Importance Of The Debate. Despite the debate taking a political dimension it has also helped bring out the flaws that exist in the health care system. For instance, the level of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

China's One Child Policy Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, in order to restrict both the urban and rural couples to have more than a single child. However, if the first child turns out to be a girl, the couple is allowed to have a second sibling of the girl (BBC, “China dissident Chen Guangcheng arrives in the US”). The Chinese government was also observed to be majorly in the favor of the law of One-Child Policy, as it helped to control the massive population growth and thus reduce unemployment and redundancy issues. This was further expected to enhance the economic conditions of the country by a large extent....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Chinas One-Child Policy overall an extremely controversial topic that is always in debates across ‎the planet. At every place you will find some believers and so as the disbelievers of the policy. ‎ Promotion: The overall scenario by the government was seen and they believed that a birth control policy ‎was extremely significant in order to avoid the problems faced by China then and even to avoid ‎the threats in the upcoming days. ‎ Current Status: In 2010, according to a report and survey it was estimated that these days the policy ‎implementation hasn’t been up to the mark and numerous families are violating it (Hvistendahl, ‎‎2010). ‎ Conclusion: The...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

One-child policy

...laws expect people to opt for family planning and birth control. Those adhering to the state norms are oft rewarded in terms of certificates, loans and social assistance while the couples going against the official population policy are punished in the form of fines, confiscation of property and official sanctions if they are employed with the state institutions (Connor 1). Besides, in case a couple has more than one child, the excess children may also be penalized in the form of health associated and education related penalties. National Population and Family Planning Commission of China (NPFPC) is the statutory organization that is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Chinas One-Child Policy: Birth Control and Chinese Demographics for FREE!

Contact Us