Nobody downloaded yet

The Role of Typological Universals in SLA - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In order to understand Typological Universals we should see the world's languages almost as a single organism with various overlapping areas between the languages closest to them in 'root' as well as 'universal links' with all other world languages. No matter how diverse, all languages are connected by common principles - these are Typological Universals.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.4% of users find it useful
The Role of Typological Universals in SLA
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The Role of Typological Universals in SLA"

Download file to see previous pages All humans learn their first language in the same way. Firstly through a preliminary stage of prelinguistic development and 'babbling' followed by a single word stage, and then a two-word stage. Simple sentences follow after this before the 'embedding' process is finalized through the use of complete sentences.
There are a number of absolute universals that have characteristics which hold for all languages. The most powerful universals take the form of hierarchies (an ordered list). Below are examples of Color, Vowel and Animacy hierarchies:
There are many ways knowledge of universal typologies can aid SLA but one important way could be termed 'The Iceberg Effect'. It can be difficult to learn a second language if you have scant knowledge of the structure and grammar of your own language. Although the L1 and L2 might be vastly different, they are still linked through the brain of the speaker. In understanding one's own language first, we then develop a framework for comparison. When we make a comparison we understand the perils of 'direct translation' from one language to another. While we see similarities in the use of certain tenses, articles, pronouns etc. we know that there are many instances when the two languages have very little in common. This helps a student to gain the 'iceberg effect', whereby one's knowledge of a subject is directly related to deeper background knowledge. Although perhaps never revealed, the hidden part of the iceberg backs up and cements SLA.

The Role of Typological Universals in SLA

Typological Universals have a vital role in Second Language Acquisition (SLA). Typological Universals can be defined as the 'notion that human languages necessarily share important, formative, properties'.1 However, this notion can both aid and hinder SLA, as in admitting that there are certain universals which link the native language (L1) with the second language (L2), one must also remain aware of how greatly languages can differ. Being aware of the differences means avoiding direct translation from L1 to L2. Assuming that the L2 works on the same structural principles as your native tongue will ensure you make numerous grammatical, syntactical and vocabulary errors. Research into Typological Universals 'aims to establish the limits within human language'.2 Study into this subject sees the world's languages almost as a single organism with various overlapping areas between the languages closest to them in 'roots' as well as 'universal links' with all other world languages. No matter how diverse, all languages are connected by common principles - these are Typological Universals.
In the introduction to Typology & Second Language Acquisition, Anna Giacalone Ramat stresses how 'a basic connotation of typology is cross-linguistic comparison: implicational universals which are crucial in order to create a typology of languages of the world cannot be discovered or verified by observing only a single language'. Giacolone Ramat 2003, p.1) In 1270 Roger Bacon wrote that 'grammar is substantially one and the same in all languages, despite its accidental variations'. (Thomas 2004, p.2)
While the above ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Role of Typological Universals in SLA Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Role of Typological Universals in SLA Essay)
“The Role of Typological Universals in SLA Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
The report on SLA Ltd
Summer Bodysuit Ltd.’s financing dilemma would also be addressed within the report and an appropriate action would also be put forward for the company to adopt in order to get the issue resolved. The fundamental way through which the entire issue is addressed is by first analysing the positives of the company by comparing its financial performance in the recently ended year to that of the previously finished year.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Form-Meaning Connection Problem in SLA Classroom
Learners must grapple with verb inflections, nominal inflections, particles, determiners, and other FRCS as they work their way toward the creation of a linguistic system that bears resemblance to the L2. This paper attempts to link these strands of research in a unified discussion by turning attention to questions of processing.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Role Play
As the use of online discussion tools within university courses continues to grow, the idea of combining the powerful learning possibilities of role play with the potential of the online environment is receiving attention. The concept of asynchronous, anonymous role simulation as a learning activity is of great interest to academics and trainers (Freeman & Capper, 1999, pp.95-116).
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Aristotelian Universals and Platonic Universals
Let us imagine that there are two brown tables in a room. Both the tables have the quality of 'brownness' and according to the Metaphysical philosophers, both these tables share a universal, that is the quality of being brown. Metaphysics states that there are three major types of universals existing, namely, Types or Kinds, Relations and Properties.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Politeness systems: culture specific or universals
In my essay, I am going to focus on the aspect of politeness-what do we mean by the term politeness, where do we find politeness in specific languages, cultures reflecting politeness universals, and the extent to which they are culture specific. Some of the possible definitions of politeness are as follows:
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Error types of NNs and the role of L1 in SLA
.etc. Overall the study will prove if the use of the first language could be helpful for the language learning or it could be the main reason for committing such errors and mistakes. I would like to first and foremost thank the students in Oman who agreed to work
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
LINGUISTICS - Discuss the role and status of pidgin and creole languages in post-colonial contexts
(Deacon, cited in Harley, 2001, p. 50) Thus, language is “so uniquely human, distinguishing us so clearly from other animals, that our species might be more appropriately named homo loquens than homo sapiens” (Widdowson, 1996, p. 4). Normally,
21 Pages(5250 words)Essay
US Role
The conflict was as a result of Israeli taking land from several Arab countries in 1967 including the infamous Gaza strip that has been fought over by Hamas (Jhally and Ratzkoff 2004). The mediation role between the Arab nations and the Israeli started
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Role Models
Role models inspire others to undertake changes and work towards newer goals. Useful quotes- “role models who support worthwhile causes and who are willing to act on their beliefs help children develop and strengthen their own values” (Silver). “Good
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Role Identification
Also, a degree in sciences such as social, marketing or political is required in college for someone to become a research assistant. The general experience required for a research assistant is of 1-4 years. A research assistant is a person tied up
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Role of Typological Universals in SLA for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us