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China - Essay Example

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It was one of the greatest belief systems in China since it developed alongside Confucianism into religion, as well as philosophy. According to Hansen (2000), the main texts of Daoism in china were…
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China China Daoism started between c.770 and 256 during the dynasty of the Eastern Zhou. It was one of the greatest belief systemsin China since it developed alongside Confucianism into religion, as well as philosophy. According to Hansen (2000), the main texts of Daoism in china were Laozi (Lao-tzu) and Zhuangzi (Chuang-tzu). Laozi believed in an amorphous and pervasive nature in which he differentiated between nature in its primitive form, and as it is named by people. Thus, according to Laozi, the beginning of Heaven and Earth can be described as nameless (Hansen, 2000).
Moreover, he also believed that everything in nature has two sides and that opposite sides complement each other i.e. the dialectical nature of things (Hansen, 2000). Therefore, Laozi emphasized on the fact that emptiness or nothingness is not emptiness or nothingness, but complements certain objects. Zhuangzi further emphasized on the issue of dialectic ism that was recognized by Laozi. He recognizes the nature as a movement, which has a different phenomenon in the world that is derived from and manifestations of nature (Hansen, 2000). In addition, Zhuangzi can be described as a renowned philosopher who praised human ambition, as well as imagination, which facilitated everyday thinking in order to understand how things interact in nature.
Zhuangzi influenced the development of Daoism by emphasizing further on Laozi’s position on dialectic ism. By doing so, he introduced a new notion of self-transformation as the key precept in the Taoist process (Hansen, 2000). He also stated that it is essential to transcend all the dualities of existence. According to him, the way nature worked and reconciled the opposite sides showed how the Tao dualities were resolved in unity. On the other hand, Laozi influenced the development of Daoism by advocating for humility in leadership. He also promoted the development of anti-authoritarian movements that stressed on giving power to the weak (Hansen, 2000).
References
Hansen, C. (2000). A Daoist theory of Chinese thought: a philosophical interpretation. Oxford:
Oxford University Press. Read More
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