Free

The Four Righteous Caliphs - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The paper "The Four Righteous Caliphs" states that last of the Four Righteous Caliphs Ali b. Abi Talib faced some of the most difficult challenges. Because he failed to punish Uthman's assassins in a timely manner, many of his former followers deserted him, and he was faced with civil war. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.4% of users find it useful
The Four Righteous Caliphs
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Four Righteous Caliphs"

After the death of Muhammad, the Islamic world was plunged into political confusion as he had left no instructions on choosing his successor as a political and religious leader. The next four Muslim leaders collectively called “the Four Righteous Caliphs,” lead the empire through many shifts in power.
Abu Bakr, the immediate successor of Muhammad, met with a lot of opposition. Civil war broke out shortly after he became caliph, and the “Wars of Apostasy” caused by Muhammad's death were not calmed for almost an entire year. Abu Bakr sent forces into what is now Iraq and Syria in order to bring them into the empire.
The second caliph, Umar, continued the expansion of the Muslim state. He not only defeated the Persians but also secured Egypt from the Byzantines. Umar's reign is one of the reasons the Muslim empire was so successful: he allowed people to retain their own religious beliefs. This greatly strengthened Islamic control as the increased freedom prompted not only happy citizens but also converts.
The caliphates position in religious affairs was strengthened when the third caliph, Uthman b. Affan was selected to lead the Ottoman empire. He created a governmentally-sanctioned copy of the Quran. This action was incredibly beneficial to both political and religious organization, as it not only united the Islamic empire under one, clear version of the holy scripture, but it also showed the caliphate as capable and spiritually viable. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(The Four Righteous Caliphs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words, n.d.)
The Four Righteous Caliphs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1560685-the-four-righteous-caliphs
(The Four Righteous Caliphs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
The Four Righteous Caliphs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words. https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1560685-the-four-righteous-caliphs.
“The Four Righteous Caliphs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1560685-the-four-righteous-caliphs.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Four Righteous Caliphs

Four stories

...? Analyses of four short stories The blind men and the elephant In this fable, we find few blind men examining different parts of an elephant, and later when they began to discuss their experiences, none could agree with the other.  Each insisted that his perspective was correct, and soon a fighting ensued, in order to establish as to whose version was correct. Here, we find an interesting dimension, where we cannot disregard any of the blind men’s views. The elephant does indeed have a body that seem like walls, its ears are shaped like huge fans, its trunk akin to that of tree trunk, and its feet indeed resemble the pillars of a house or a temple. So each man was correct from the own perspective, yet each were also...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Four Seasons

...?Answer the questions Introduce the company and its position in the hospitality industry. Is it an employer of choice? The company in discussion is Four Seasons Hotels Inc. that was established in 1960 in Canada. Over the course of the past 50 years, Four Seasons has effectively established itself as one of the leading chains of luxury hotels and resorts. It has also expanded into a chain that has 85 properties in over 35 countries across the globe with an employee base of over 30,000 (fourseasons.com, n.d.). Four Seasons has carved a very unique and prominent place for itself in the hospitality industry because of the very high and customized service that it provides to its customers. The objective of the organization... which was to...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Four Questions

...? History and Political Science (Assignment) HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE ASSIGNMENT Section Question C: (History of Diplomacy): Why is the international system considered a state-centric system? Discuss historical milestones in the evolution of this system. One of the issues that have been widely studied across the globe entails the existence on the international system. Whereas globalization and global cooperation is reality, there are serious issues that have seen many experts arguing that international system state-centric. In much of the considerations and analysis of the international system, experts would always make reference to World War I, World War II and the cold war. Occurrences that resulted in these three wars can... History...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Four Seasons

... Antonio Vivaldi's Four Seasons: s, Historical Information, and Sonnets Introduction On 4th March, 1678, Vivaldi was born in the city of Venice. Growing up he wrote works for individuals such as the great French king, Louis XV based on music notes. During his stay in Venice at the Ospedale della Pieta, he was nominated as the Concert Master, popularly known as the "Maestro di concerti". His success came in 1738 when he conducted the greatest festive opening for the Schouwburg Theater in Amsterdam as they celebrated their 100th Anniversary (Baroque Musical Club, “Antonio Vivaldi: The four seasons”) Vivaldi's music is playful and joyful, enlightening on his own joy of composing (Making Music Fun, Para. 3). Vivaldi’s Four Seasons... is...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Book analysis: Righteous Dopefiend

...?Righteous Dopefiend In this engaging read, Righteous Dopefiend, Philippe Bourgois and Jeffrey Schonberg provide an informative insight about the issues of homelessness and drug addiction prevailing in the US society. The authors’ riveting narration revolves around the homeless people and the heroin addicts in the streets of San Francisco, portraying their daily struggles for survival. Through this powerful work, Bourgois brings to light the role of the organizational forces in shaping the lives of these addicts. However, the authors do mention about the moral responsibility on the part of these homeless addicts for their deformed life. In this book, the authors cast their characters around different...
6 Pages(1500 words)Book Report/Review

Four

...Preferential Groups for the Individual Types of Measles Vaccine MMR Vaccine Healthcare workers 2) International travelers 3) in post-secondary education facilities 4) Individuals who have recently been exposed to an outbreak 5) Military recruits Single live vaccine 1) Infants above the age of 12 months 2) Recommended for all immunocompetent individuals Killed Measles vaccine This vaccine contains the killed virus, and thus no risk of viral pathogenicity. 1) Immunocompromised individuals 2) Individuals suffering from hematological disorders (Leukemia) Individuals who should not be immunized As a general rule, every person should be immunized as is necessary and applicable. Some individuals cannot be immunized due to physical... Groups for the ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Four books

...The Great Gatsby Life’s lessons are sometimes mirrored into other people, thus it is one’s judgment to pursue living the American dream sacrificing morality or stay moral, and be content to recognize the consequences it could bring and back out. The novel tells about the struggles of humans in pursuit of happiness. As each individual makes every effort to find happiness, wealth and power is oftentimes misinterpreted to be the achievement of that dream. People become blinded by the fun these things bring; only to realize that these exciting moments are only skin-deep, satisfying only man’s physical needs. Hamlet As Shakespeare’s most famous novels, Hamlet manifests the various negative natures of man that includes neglect... Great Gatsby...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Big Four

...Essay: The Big Four The Big Four The Big Four were American Businessmen who formed the Central Pacific Railroad Company and were charged with the development of railroad of California in the period between 1861 and 1900.They were all of modest beginnings and origins and were all born or rather had resided in upper state New York previous to their being attracted West by the famous Gold Rush. This group comprised of: Charles Crocker Construction Supervisor, a CPR subsidiary, President of Charles Crocker & Co. Mark Hopkins who was CPR Treasurer. Leland Stanford represented the company in the West and was CPR President, also Stanford University founder. Collis P. Huntington in the East and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

ASSIGNMENT FOUR

... Professional Counseling Counseling involves the process of learning that occurs within an interactive relationship for the assist of a person to understand him/herself better for the augmented effectiveness in the community (Curry and Amy, 74). Professional counselors use different assessment techniques including: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) This assessment type involves the use of questionnaire that analyzes the personality type of a client through using their responses for their use and better understanding of themselves. These include interests, values, reactions, motivations, and skills and generating a preference for the person. Strong Interest Inventory (SII) This assessment aids in identifying and develop... Professional ...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Four Videos

...Four Videos Why English is Not Enough - Nigel Vincent (3.24.15) The  Lecture by Nigel Vincent was generally devotedto the issue of language policy and the language as a national institution. Professor emphasized that he was not specialists in the sphere of USA policies and asked the audience to correct him in case if anything was wrong in his ideas related to American realities. The outline demonstrated by the professor included US and UK parallels, British Academy initiatives, relation of language and national security, business, trade, big cities, media and culture. The first point of the outline was based on the issues of linguistic complacency, decreasing of language status in the sphere of education, high language skills... Videos Why...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Four Righteous Caliphs for FREE!

Contact Us