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The Petra Great Temple: A Nabataean Architectural Miracle - Research Paper Example

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A paper "The Petra Great Temple: A Nabataean Architectural Miracle" outlines that the city was thought to be inhabited by the Edomites who were the descendants of Jacob’s brother Esau.  References in the Old Testament are presumed by some biblical scholars to be within the word Sela…
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The Petra Great Temple: A Nabataean Architectural Miracle
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Download file to see previous pages The city has also been shown in historical documents to be referred to as the “rose-red city” (Hammond, 1960, p. 29). References that are thought to be about Petra in the Old Testament include Psalms 108:10, which says “Who will bring me into the strong city, who will lead me into Edom?“ and is further explored in Kings 14:7 “Sela of Edom, near the valley of salt.“ (Forder, 1901, pp. 338). However, the most controversial interpretation that is thought by some to refer to Petra is when Jesus said: “and on this rock, I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it." - Matthew 16:13-19 (Bibleanswers, 2009), in that the rock that He was referring to was actually Petra. In an article in volume 65 of Near Eastern Archaeology, Martha Sharp Joukowsky, Professor at Brown University, Director of the Center for Old World Archaeology and Art, and Professor in the Department of Anthropology, discusses her work in excavating the Petra Great Temple that she has been focused on since 1993 (Joukowsky, 2002, pp. 248). The architecture of Petra is a magnificent study of cut rock dwelling that rivals the architecture of the period for its unique and detailed work. Within in Petra, there are over 800 tombs to explore and many of the structures are cut directly into the mountainous rock. There are several free-standing structures, including the Great Temple. Petra was first explored by R. E. Brunnow and A. von Domaszewski in the late 19th century, however, in 1921 it was W. Bachmann who believed that there was a temple that was yet to be uncovered. It wasn’t until the Brown University excavations that Joukowsky participated in that the Great Temple has been brought back into academic existence. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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