Nobody downloaded yet

Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Author Tutor Course Date Dead Sea Scrolls: Judaism and Christianity Introduction The Dead Sea scrolls got discovered on the shores of the Dead Sea from which they acquired their name the Dead Sea scrolls. The discovery of these scrolls got seen as the most fundamental religious archeological discovery…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.8% of users find it useful
Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity"

Download file to see previous pages This can be attributed to the content of the scrolls which indicate a religion that was far from being monolithic. This paper seeks to discuss how the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls impacted on people’s understanding of Judaism and Christianity that existed after the second temple period. Impact of the Dead Sea Scrolls The second temple period was the period after the Israelites came from exile in Babylon. After the exile, the temple in Jerusalem got built again to retain the city as a center of religious activities (Peters 43). This led to the period that followed the building of this temple to be referred as the second temple period. Before the Dead Sea scrolls got discovered, information on the nature of Christianity and Judaism in this era was mostly available from the Bible. The scrolls, however, served to confirm some of the information previously available while contrasting some of this information. According to information obtained from the scrolls, the Dead Sea scrolls got written during the period between the 2nd century BCE and 2nd century CE. Most scholars believe that the scriptures got written by the Essenes, a sect in the Jewish community. During the time when this scrolls got written, Judean groups struggled to acquire and sustain both religious and political leadership. The scrolls, therefore, acted as primary sources on how the Jewish related to the outside world during the second temple period. The Jewish religious life, from these scrolls, gets depicted as both diverse and complex. One aspect of these scrolls that make them so fundamental is that most of the Jewish religious practices described in these scrolls, resurface later in Jewish and Christian scriptures. This serves as a proof that the religious activities could have been indeed practiced by the Jews (Peters 45). As pointed earlier, before these scrolls got discovered, second temple Judea got viewed as a monolithic civilization. Earlier scholars always believed that this idea of a monolithic society got uniformly supported by earlier sources. These sources included Josephus Flavius, the New Testament Gospels as well as rabbinic scriptures (Peters 46). However, these scriptures provided a view of diversity in regard to the second temple Judea which can now be identified and supported by the Dead Sea scrolls. The scrolls refer to several Jewish sects such as the Pharisees, the Sadducees and the Essenes. One purpose served by these scrolls is that they clarify people’s understanding of the Jewish sects. This includes their contrasting world views and practices. However, all the sects in the Jewish community seemed to agree on the centrality of the Bible. The Bible got viewed as the most fundamental religious scripture by all the sects that formed the Jewish community. This was despite the fact that the sects differed on other concepts of sacred literature. Consequently, the non-biblical scriptures indicated varying discrepancies. Each sect interpreted the scriptures with a different approach from the other sects. Despite these differences, each sect respected and followed its interpretation of the scriptures (Peters 48). The Essenes were the strictest of these sects in regard to the observance of the law. This could be partially associated to the aspect that a large group of this sect had retreated to the wilderness. The differing religious scriptures indicate disputes about religious issues such as the temple and priesthood. The Sadducees ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity Essay”, n.d.)
Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1498417-dead-sea-scrolls-judaism-christianity
(Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity Essay)
Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity Essay. https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1498417-dead-sea-scrolls-judaism-christianity.
“Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1498417-dead-sea-scrolls-judaism-christianity.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity

War Scroll (1QM)

...scrolls in general will always mirror the divergence between Christianity and Judaism. This is because whereas the Jews link the Scrolls to real events and incidents and also place emphasis on it as an authoritative source of what the End Times will be, Christianity cannot view it that way. This is because most Christians view the Jews in the era within which the scrolls were written as an era where the Jews were being punished for their sins because the Covenant had been replaced by the New Testament. This therefore means that belief in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the 1QM...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Archeological Issues of the Qumran Site: Communal Life at Qumran and in the Early Church

... Cited Magness, Jodi. The Archaeology of Qumran, and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B Eerdmans Publishing Co, 2002. 73. Print. Schiffman, Lawrence H. Reclaiming the Dead Sea Scrolls: the History of Judaism, the Background of Christianity, the Lost Library of Qumran. New York: Anchor Bible Referance Library, 1995. 11. Print. VanderKam, James C., and Peter Flint. Meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Their Significance for Understanding The Bible, Judaism, Jesus, and Chrisitanity, . New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2002. 321. Print.... archeologically sound school of thought, is that the scrolls were compiled overtime by several different Jewish scholars and kept in the city of Jerusalem. In this scenario the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Contextualization of the Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls

...they were kept by various Christian churches and later translated into Armenian, Greek, Ethiopic, among other languages. More of the unique and original manuscripts from Qumran are sectarian, they were not known before the year 1947 with the exception of Damascus document. This document did not have a clear identification prior to the unearthing of the Dead Sea area. The broad and diverse writing discloses the customs and beliefs of a pietistic commune located at Qumran and contains the biblical commentaries visions fro m apocalyptic, rules and regulations that were accredited to second century B.C.E last Quarter. The Damascus document illustrates the practices of the commune.31 The...
23 Pages(5750 words)Essay

Mystical Traditions between Christianity and Judaism

...Mystical traditions between Christianity and Judaism Introduction: The term mysticism indicates a of reality, which is beyond our ordinary senses of perception; but, most religions have legends and traditions about saints and such other beings, which go through certain experiences which are 'explained', often raising many questions. Many of these indigenous traditions, with the passage of time, have become part of the religious beliefs themselves. This has lead to the internalization of traditions, myths and practices in most religions of the world. Christianity has a definite history which is also a religion of doctrinal creed as well as with certain mystical traditions. Similarly,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Judaism , Christianity and Islam

...Introduction Throughout the ages, humans have been wondering about the great power that created the whole universe. A power that could not be fathomed, and which they felt influence their lives. Ancient temples, artifacts, and cave drawings serve as living proof to varying forms of divine worship. Yet most ancient cultures were given to polytheistic faith except for the three great religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam whose belief of the one true God had surpassed time. This paper aims to examine the origins of these great religions, their similarities and differences, and how they influence our sense of purpose and meaning, and the directions we are heading to. Source of Religious...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Islam, Judaism And Christianity

...Judaism not only can, but does stand on its own. Judaism’s core beliefs in the Old Testaments are shared with Christianity. The two religions even believe in a messiah. The difference is Judaism rejects Jesus of Nazareth as that messiah, whereas Jesus is the long awaited savior in the Christian religion. The question becomes does one believe Jesus is the long awaited messiah? Christians believe so, normally without doubt. Judaism rejects that belief. Christianity has changed the world in the past two hundred years. America and most countries in the West have Christian leaders. This has influenced historical events. Cold War propaganda touted communist wanted to take over the world and get rid of religion all together... . The...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Dead Sea scrolls exhitbit at The Royal Ontario Museum

...The Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibit at the Royal Ontario Museum The Dead Sea Scrolls are on exhibit atthe Royal Ontario Museum and it is both wonderful and controversial. The title of the exhibit is "Dead Sea Scrolls: Words that Changed the World." Many of the scrolls are very small and some are broken but they bring a special history to Toronto. The scrolls can only be viewed for a short time because they cannot be exposed to light or to humidity. THE QUMRAN CAVES The Qumran caves are some of the most interesting caves in Israel. According to Jochen...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Christianity and Judaism

...Christianity and Judaism Introduction Christians and Jews have more common elements in their beliefs and customs, but they strongly disagree on the issue of accepting Jesus Christ as the son of God or Messiah. Christians believe that Jesus was the son of God, the Messiah promised by the God and human can attain salvation only through the belief in Jesus Christ. But Jews believe that the Messiah is yet to come and Jesus Christ was not the one offered by the God. The main difference between the beliefs of Jews and Christians lie on the issue of Jesus Christ. This paper briefly analyses the difference in beliefs of Jews and Christians....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Judaism & Christianity

...The Significance of the Torah Today Torah refers mainly to the First Five Books of Moses. They are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deutoronomy. Primarily, the books were considered for teaching since it contains the “law” such as the Ten Commandments. While it is true that the Torah was part of the Old Testament and was written specifically for Jews, that doesn’t mean that it does not have any significance in present day living. The main argument why some people do not consider the Torah applicable to the modern day Christian beliefs is because it contains traditions and rituals appropriate then for the Jewish culture during that time. Sacrifices were in terms of livestock or agrarian products which are now...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Christianity versus Judaism

...Christianity versus Judaism Faith and reason arise as a result of authority on which belief depends on. Reason basically is seen as a basic for a methodological inquiry, this varies from aesthetic, moral, intellectual and religious. Religious faith encompasses a belief that comes with either explicit or implicit attachment to transcendent source. (Horbury pg 49) Christianity and Judaism have a close relationship, both theologically and historically. Both doctrines believe in Jesus, they share most authors of the New Testament and also the twelve disciples. The family of Jesus Christ followed Jewish customs and in several occasions Jesus quoted the Hebrew bible. The...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity for FREE!

Contact Us