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Japanese and Tibetan Buddha: A Comparative Study - Assignment Example

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Buddhism has been a major religion in East Asia for several hundred years. This paper considers similarities and differences of Japanese and Tibetan Buddhism…
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Japanese and Tibetan Buddha: A Comparative Study
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Download file to see previous pages Buddhism originated in India when Siddhartha Gautama, a warrior and prince got a sight of the human sufferings outside the extravagant palace he lived in. Founded in the 6th century BC, the ideas soon spread throughout the East from the Himalayas through China to Japan. Because the religion had spread to far off places, it was practiced in many forms however many teachers and priests derived the concepts from the teachings of Buddha. Thus, the “essence” of his teachings, known as dharma or dhamma, was taken essentially from the practices of Buddha and was set as an ideal to follow. While the teachings and the spirit of Buddha’s teachings remain the same across the geographical distribution of the religion, Buddhism has been diversified in its tenets by local forms of the religion. That is to say, the fundamental beliefs of the religion remain consistent for all local variants however they differ in their consideration of ideas and figures. Thus, Japanese and Tibetan Buddhism have similar traits in the sense that both refer to the basic teachings of Buddha however Japanese Buddhism focuses more on the study of self as a way of finding inner peace. That said, both forms of Buddhism are similar because they are derived from the same school of thought, which is Mahayana Buddhism. Another sub-division of Mahayana philosophy is Vajrayana which is practiced in Tibet and Japan where it is known as Shingon. Therefore, Tibetan Buddhism, also known as Lamaism, follows the philosophy of Mahayana and involves a system of lamas who get reincarnated one after the other. Japanese Buddhism also incorporates the Mahayana school of thought but also focuses on the inner self apart from the basic teachings of Buddha. ...
Zen Buddhism focuses more on one’s inner self rather than the teachings and practices of Buddha himself. The word Zen emphasizes the discovery of self through meditation and concentration. It concentrates on the inner powers present within to unlock the path to Enlightment as it was achieved by Buddha. That is why all Zen masters teach the search for bliss and fulfillment within in order to achieve the enlighted stage which Buddha achieved. Zen Buddhism encourages a person to look beyond the domain of easy understanding of the worldly affairs and the universal truth. It promotes deep thought and meditation so as to understand the self and realize the real truth which is beyond the physical spectacle of the eyes. For this one must meditate and concentrate on truth beyond the worldly principles. It encourages one to question oneself to realize what he or she truly is. By doing so, the person realizes the truth beyond the worldly curtains – the truth present within oneself. The main aim of meditation and concentration is the search for the internal truth and the finding of Enlightment. Another way of achieving Enlightment is to become a Bodhisattva. Bodhisattva means the compassionate one and by becoming warm and humane one can become united with the universe thereby acquiring Enlightment just as Buddha did through realization of the reality. Because Zen Buddhism is widely practiced in Japan, Daruma, the founder of Zen Buddhism is considered to be a leading figure for Japanese Buddhist followers. Because he introduced Zen Buddhism to China and Japan, he is known as the father of Zen Buddhism. However, Tibetan Buddhism or Lamaism is very different from Zen Buddhism ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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