Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Nagasena: There is no self - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Nagasena philosophy is found in Buddhist scripture “The Questions of King Melinda” with various angles of understanding the concept of human existence. This scripture is made up of stimulating and exciting modern arguments that relate to personal identity…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.5% of users find it useful
Nagasena: There is no self
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Nagasena: There is no self"

Download file to see previous pages The discussion leads Nagasena to state that a person continuously changes going through life circumstances and despite the fact that certain features of the self are retained; one is not the same and therefore, does not endure with time. In this scenario, his teachings indicate that humans do not have a soul or self but instead they have unconscious perceptions. It is evident that Nagasena philosophy points towards the idea that human beings do not have an enduring soul, which relates to Buddhist theory concept while other arguments reject this concept (Davids 75). Through the chariot comparison, it is clear that Nagasena believes that a person is not only a part of the body, or even anything from outside of the body. Nagasena begins by explaining to Milnda that that there is no soul in the body. For instance, the name, “Nagasena” does not stand for the hair, eyes, nose, and neither the nails on his body. It does not even stand for his ideas, feelings, perceptions, or desires and not even a combination of all these. In other words, the name “Nagasena” does not stand for any apparent denotation and this puzzles the king (Davids 75). Nagasena then introduces the comparison or analogy of the chariot that King Milinda had been riding. He cites that one cannot understand precisely what the chariot is in reality by saying its name. He argues that the chariot does not represent the wheels, the poles, axle, the rope, or even the yoke that has designed it. However, this does not mean that the chariot does not exist since it wholly depends on the poles, wheel, ropes, yoke, and all things that designed it. All these items make up this chariot and therefore, it is refereed by this denotation. In addition, Negasena states that this is similar to him as “Nagasena” where all body parts or organic matter that make up his body create this denotation. In conclusion, he says this person or object however, cannot be clarified and in this essence there is no self (Davids 76). Nagasena states that despite the fact that a person can be identified using a precise name, there exists no enduring self or soul. He further added that even if people can use many things to signify themselves for example say “this is my body, or hair, or memories” they do not indicate existence of self. This is because these things are inconstant and ultimately they fall apart. These things would go on forever if and be under the power of the human body. But this is not the case, people are just the organic manner in the body and therefore, do not have a lasting soul (Davids 76). The Buddhist theory of the Soul The teachings of Buddhism in regards to human thought have been known to discard the concept of an existing soul, self, or what is called “Atman.” Buddha declared that the issue of soul or Atman is a deceitful imaginary concept with no facts and generates dangerous thoughts of “me” or “mine” which is a selfish longing, hunger, vanity, and arrogance among other problems. The Buddhist concepts disdain notions of self-protection and preservation because they are indicators of selfishness. In self-protection, people create for themselves a God with whom they depend for their needs of security. On the other hand, self-preservation is a concept of having an immortal soul that exists forever. This is highly revoked in Buddhism and these thoughts are said to be false and misguiding (Davids 78). In addition, Buddha clarified that what ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Nagasena: There is no self Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Nagasena: There Is No Self Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Nagasena: There Is No Self Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 1 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Nagasena: There is no self


... status is not as important as self respect and respect for others. Being an American I have strong affiliation to American culture which revolves around respect for our country and, although not in line with the former, occasionally dropping at a fast food restaurant for a burger. As a result of the realisation that happiness does not emanate from material wealth I now cherish more the impact of my actions on others than on myself. In this regard money earned takes a backseat and at the end of the day the issue is always how positive and beneficial my actions were. Turning the world into a better place to live in for all humanity is my lifelong goal. I believe that to make the world a better place everyone must first of all make...
6 Pages(1500 words)Personal Statement


...? Concept of the Self Introduction The concept of the ‘self’ is a very important part of human consciousness. People identify with themselves througha multifaceted idea of who they are which they call their ‘self’ (Myers & Spencer, 2006). This self includes their evaluations and assessments about their abilities, feelings, attitudes and choices. It even includes aspects of their personality, their physical characteristics, and their occupations (Myers & Spencer, 2006). The self concept starts to develop in early childhood, and continues to develop and evolve for most of the individual’s life. When an individual’s self concept changes, they can undergo a significant personality crisis during times of rapid change like puberty (Myers...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Self-mutilation is Self-healing

...Self-mutilation is Self-healing! This is an attempt at summarizing Max Malikow's (2006) article in Education Digest. His is a challenging theme anent self-cutting by students in schools. Not too many psychologists have dared tread this highly sensitive area of research and immense human importance. About two million students in United States schools deeply cut their skin from a part of their body. How really painful this has to be. They do not think, fear or bother about this resulting pain when they go for cutting. Why this painful cutting is taken recourse to Does this behavior show an increasing social suicidal tendency Does it mean our children are subject to dangerously growing societal and familial tensions today Malikow presents...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Self-Esteem in Self-Sufficiency

...Outline Introduction Thesis: There are many ways that I can compare myself to Nora, but by remaining committed to myself and my independence, I have managed to achieve what Nora finally had to admit she had not – a husband who respects me and a family that is whole. Body 1: Poverty Nora had to find her own way to struggle through poverty when she’d been raised to be cared for I had to find my own way to struggle through poverty when I was just a child when I was not well-prepared for how to deal with it Both Nora and I have had to struggle through hard times that we weren’t prepared to cope with. Body 2: Self-Esteem in Self-Sufficiency Nora took enormous satisfaction from knowing that she had provided a means of taking care...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Self Fulfilling and Self Sealing Theory

...Writing Answer to the Question Self Fulfilling and Self Sealing Theory: Many a time, what we think or vouch, by coincidence, appears to betrue. It is called as ‘Self Fulfilling’ which was coroneted as ‘Prophesy’ in earlier era. The myths of yesteryears, defying the geographical boundary, had stood for this theory. The mythology of different civilization bears the testimonies of the self fulfilling prophesy. In fact, our own action many a time makes this theory come true. For example, an average student, discouraged from every corner, ends up with a firm belief that he can never do well in examination. Eventually, his grade slides and he keeps on losing faith, resulting much more decay in his career. (1) On the other hand, “Self Sealing...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Self-Concept and Self-Schema

...RUNNING HEAD: SELF-CONCEPT AND SELF-SCHEMA Self-Concept and Self-Schema Self-Concept and Self-Schema As d in the textbook “Social psychologists are interested in who we are. Our sense of self is affected by what we know about the self and by the people around us. The self is a powerful force. The self affects how we feel, what we think we can do, and what we in fact do” (Feenstra, 2011, pg. 32), it is clear that cultural, social and environmental factors play a big role in the individual developmental process of Self-Concept and Self-Schema. It is first vital to understand the meaning of these concepts. Self-Concept and Self-Schema are multi-dimensional concepts that are used to refer to a person’s view of “self” relative to other several...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Use of Self/ Self Knowledge

Reflection through the Lens of MBTI & TKI of the of the of the Institute] of the Reflection through the Lens of MBTI & TKI
The MBTI is a useful tool for individuals to identify, analyze and properly utilize their capabilities. My recent completion of this assessment tool guided me towards the identification of my strengths and weaknesses. Overall, the assessment has shed light over my personal traits and their utilization or drawbacks in the practical working environment.
The classification I received is ESFJ, which are deemed to be “warm-hearted, talkative, popular, conscientious, born cooperators, active committee members, need harmony and may be good at creating it (Myers et al., 2000 p.7). I have identified that at time...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Self Compassion, Self Esteem, and Well Being

...A review of Kristin D. Neff’s article “Self-Compassion, Self-Esteem, and Well-Being” A review: “Self-Compassion, Self-Esteem, and Well-Being” Reading the article initially I did not expect to agree with Neff’s ideas on self compassion as compared to self- esteem and the benefits of advocating one form of self construct over the over. However, the article builds evidence around the argument providing a compelling and logical agreement for the author’s initial idea. The idea of promoting a high self-esteem to counter negative feelings towards oneself does have some drawbacks in the form of pressuring people towards intense competition and continuous validation of their skills or talents to feel adequate. As self esteem rates have risen so...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Self-Respect and Self-Confidence

... Self-Respect and Self-Confidence The art appreciation study was meant to test a number of different adults from different backgrounds and different ages. Basically, I wanted to find out how appreciation of art varied from one individual to another due to a set or a myriad of different factors. Since there is no correct or wrong way for answers given to the art appreciation study, I wanted to investigate how the age, level of need for cognition; level of general knowledge and level of education affects art appreciation. My role in the art appreciation study was that of a general major. I was the overall pioneer or director of individuals who did not have knowledge on how...
6 Pages(1500 words)Personal Statement

Donald Davidsons Views of Self-Deception

The concept, Davidson contends, is that if parts of the mind are, to some degree or level, independent. This, I beg to disagree. If we take a cursory glimpse, Davidson’s account offers a fascinating depiction of self-deception. It seemed to naturally and readily settle the absurdity and the irony of the concept. Nonetheless, if we investigate seriously the sketch of this phenomenon on the “divided-mind” paradigm, grave doubts and opposing protestations will come to our mind.
However, before explicitly elucidating my disagreement, let me first discuss another angle that runs parallel to Davidson’s idea of the divided-mind occurrence – Freud’s embodiment of the human mind consisting of ego, s...
13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment

Self-awareness and Career Management

The practical implications are for more progressive career learning, in conditions that enable the due process to establish viable bases for both choice and change of mind. This thinking more sharply differentiates career education from guidance, setting out a strong rationale for the former. It does not replace DOTS but extends it into a new-DOTS re-conceptualization termed career-learning space. The effectiveness of career learning is determined by its transferable outcomes. New-DOTS thinking resonates with the conditions for transferable learning. There are possibilities here for building a strong consensus between practice, theory, and policy.
It helps us in exploring our strengths and can identify the areas we really wan...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

The Problem of Deliberate Self Harm

One of the most serious public health concerns in our modern-day society is the problem of deliberate self-harm. An investigation carried out in a cross-section of the society of children in the age group of 10 – to 14 years (Office of statistics) sowed that cutting and piercing and poisoning were the primary causes of such injuries in children and gunshot and suffocation were key factors responsible for the suicide.
However, in the last decade, there has been an ever-escalating volume of research being carried out in this area due to the spurt of emergency cases that are recorded each year. There are many factors that contribute to this and some of the most common are poor psychological conditions, adverse family circu...
42 Pages(10500 words)Research Paper

Self-Defence against Non-State Actors

Prior to 1945, there was no unified international prohibition on a unilateral resort to force and the UN Charter sought to radicalize international politics through a general prohibition on the use of unilateral force by member states. The prohibition was officially enshrined in Article 2(4) of the Charter, which provides that:
“All member states shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations”(UN Charter Article 2(4) 1945).
Despite the purported ban on the unilateral use of force, the parameters of Article 2(4)’s applicabili...
15 Pages(3750 words)Assignment

The Effect of Mass Media on Latinos' Self Image

The willful perversion of facts relating to the representation of Latinos in the U.S. media is disgraceful, inconsiderate and extremely misleading and hence calls for immediate attention to prevent the degradation of a particular section of the society since their depiction and imagery in mass media plays a significant role in shaping their social identity and governs their self-esteem. Television and films both being dominant forms of media persistently depict racial stereotypes which are largely false representations of the
According to U.S. Census (2000), Latinos are the fastest-growing ethnic communities in the United States constituting almost 12.5% of the population of which merely 3 – 4% of the Latino population...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Using Self Efficacy to Increase Staff Performance

The methodology section of the paper makes use of the qualitative narrative storytelling approach and two separate interview sessions (one among the managers and the other among the selected employees) are employed as the primary research designs for the purpose of the study. The major themes derived out of the interviews are elaborately discussed and analyzed in Chapter 4. The conclusions of the study show that there exists an interrelated relationship between the self-efficacy of the staff and the leadership approaches of the managers or employers. The better the effectiveness of the leadership, the greater is the productivity of the workforce in an organization. The factors that contribute to the growth and development of the w...
37 Pages(9250 words)Thesis

Self-esteem Based on Self Concept

... Self-esteem is based on self concept. Self-concept is characterized by how “I see myself” whereas self-esteem is “how I feel about how I see myself” (Raymore, Godbey, & Crawford, 1994). The world that exists and the world that is perceived by an individual – both these concepts affect the self-esteem of an individual. This indicates that an individual is always having different perceptions of himself. Global self-esteem is different from self-evaluation, self-confidence and racial or collective self-esteem (Crocker & Major, 1999). Self-esteem is a global evaluation of one’s self. It includes pride, egotism, arrogance, honor, conceitedness, narcissism, and sense of superiority (Baumeister, Smart & Boden, 1996). Self-esteem is a construct...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Weight Control as a Key to Self Improvement

To date, some 38 million Americans are “significantly heavier” than average, and because of this fact alone are targets for societal and institutional prejudice. People who are judged fat are discriminated against at work, school, in acquiring access to public accommodations, in applications for insurance, and access to adequate medical care. (Angier, 2005)

Many people take the words “obese” and “overweight” to mean the same thing. Actually, they are not. Overweight refers to an increased body weight (not necessarily increase in body fat) relative to height, above that which is generally accepted as a standard. (Capella University, 2004). Obesity, however, is “defined simply as...
16 Pages(4000 words)Thesis

Activism: Teachers, Therapists and Self-Esteem

Many activists present their ideas, attitudes or thoughts in the form of art, in some creative endeavor. Art shows the "story" in a visual way that the individual is attempting to speak out about, in such a way as to get others involved with helping the cause.

When many people think of activists, they may not think about therapists or teachers as being in this mix of ideas. Often, they are the ones who are quiet when it comes to activism because they can feel they are removed from what is happening in society on an everyday basis. However, they are in the middle of controversy all of the time whether they understand this or not.

As I was thinking about a project to do, I thought it would be interesting to get...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Christ Is a Symbol of Self

We shall have a firm assessment throughout the paper that if Christ is a symbol of self, the other stance of the ‘self as the symbol Christ’ is equally true for both hold one and the same truth: that we are part of God and God, a part of us. We shall rather investigate how the truth about the proximity and oneness of God and humans can be justified using this one stance of Christian theology.
A symbol, understood abstractly, refers to anything more than the obvious, the existence of which can be deciphered not through intellect but through insight and a universal spiritual cognizance. Christ, as we understand, is based on our literal intellectual readings, but the question of symbol enquires thus: Is Christ only w...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Self Assessment: Conflict Management Style

...Please indicate Self Assessment: Conflict Management Style The assessment on conflict management that I took suggests that I am the type of person who tends to cooperate and work with people to achieve a desirable outcome. It suggests that when I am faced with a conflicting situation, although I listen and consider other viewpoints included in the discussion, I carefully evaluate and analyse every detail in accordance to my own. It depicts that I welcome other ideas or arguments but not easily swayed by them for I tend to make my point be heard and accepted as well, creating a really interesting discussion that in turn promotes a win-win situation. Furthermore, the assessment also indicated that second to collaborating attitude, I also...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Nagasena: There is no self for FREE!

Contact Us