The Pentateuch II: Moses and the Exodus - Essay Example

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The Pentateuch II: Moses and the Exodus Name Institutional Affiliation Tutor Date The Pentateuch II: Moses and the Exodus Divisions in the Book of Exodus The book of Exodus is dominated by the story of Moses, his encounter with God, and the deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt…
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Download file to see previous pages The story about the birth of Moses, how he grew up, and how he was called by God to deliver the Israelites is also contained in the first section (Ex. 2:1-25, New King James Version). Finally, the first section details how Moses delivered the Israelites from Pharaoh. In particular, it gives an account of how Moses was instructed by God to speak to Pharaoh and order him to release the Israelites, how Pharaoh refused to obey, and the ten plagues that befell Egypt forcing Pharaoh to release the Israelites (Ex. 3-13, New King James Version). Section two gives an account of the journey made by the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan. Details on how the Israelites were led by God in crossing the Red Sea, how God fed them with manna from heaven, and the giving of theTen Commandments. This section also gives information on how the Israelites became disobedient to God and started practicing idolatry. As a result, God punished them for their ungratefulness by making them wander in the desert for forty years, such that none of the people who left Egypt except Joshua reached Canaan. The Use of “YHWH” and “Elohim” in reference to God The Yahwist source of the Pentateuch uses “YHWH” to refer to the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. It is interesting to note that the Yahwist sources were using that name even before the incident of the burning bush, during which God revealed the name “YHWH” to Moses (Collins, 2004).As for the Elohist sources of the Pentateuch, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the period before the burning bush, is referred to as “Elohim”. After the encounter between Moses and God at the burning bush, the Elohist sources adopt the name “YHWH elohim” in referring to God (ibid). The word “YHWH” has been translated into English to mean “Am Who I Am”. The second commandment states that “you shall not make wrongful use of the name of YHWH your elohim, for YHWH will not leave acquit anyone who misuses his name” (Ex. 20:7, New King James Version). Accordingly, for fear of being punished by God, the Israelites avoided using the name “YHWH” and referred to God as “adonai”, the Hebrew translation of the word “Lord”. Consequently, when the bible was being translated to other languages, the word “YHWH” was lost. In English, particularly, the translators used the name “adonai”, thus the English translation of the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is “Lord” or “Lord God “instead of “Am Who I Am”. For example it is written, “I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God almighty, but by My name LORD I was not known to them (Ex. 6:3, New King James Version). The scripture continues to state in Ex. 6-8(New King James Version) “And I will bring you into the land which I swore to give Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and I will give it to you as a heritage: I am the LORD.” Features of the Deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt The narrative about the deliverance of the Israelites out of Egypt as contained in the book of Exodus is characterized by several features. For example, the history of the Israelites being enslaved in Egypt is well documented in the bible, “so the Egyptians made the children of Israel serve with rigor. And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage- in mortar, in brick, and in all manner of service in the field. All their service in which they made them serve was with rigor.” ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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