Online Community - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Heidi Campbell’s Notion of Religious Online Community Community refers a large social unit that shares common practices and values. Heidi Campbell describes it as the extent to which people meet and interact, be it physically or remotely (Campbell, 2010)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.5% of users find it useful
Online Community
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Online Community"

Download file to see previous pages This means that people could be living in the same geographical area but since they do not share the same values, they are not deemed as community. The conventional community is that which lives together physically and shares their values and practices within a locality. The contemporary community does not have to be living in the same locality since they could practice their values on a remote platform, which is online. Campbell describes the contemporary community, or community online, as that social unit that interacts online aided by the use of the internet (Campbell, 2010). He traces the emergence of the community online back to the early 1970s when the email first emerged. Emails were first powered by the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, commonly abbreviated as ARPANET, which was also the first operational packet switching network in the world (Brasher 25). The online space was, at first, purely a research space and not for social interactions’ use. Soon ARPANET created the first electronic discussion group establishing a moderated space to oversee various aspects of network business and research. Researchers within these messaging groups began forming unofficial groups such as SF-Lovers, created by some researchers to discuss science fiction. This and other early groups pioneered the social community online. Several special interest groups started emerging thereafter and this liberalization saw the birth of the “net.religion” debating group where religious opinions were aired. Further debates saw the narrowing down of this group to specific religious online forums, the first of which to emerge being “net.religion.jewish”. Newer advents of technology saw the creation of both newer and more precise forums and also better and faster ways of furthering these religious debates such as bulletin board systems (BBS), multi-user object oriented (MOO), multi-user dimension (MUD), and internet relay chat (IRC) rooms. Through standardization, regulation and setting of “rules of engagement” within the various forums, these computer-supported groups automatically qualified as communities, or more precisely, virtual communities. Campbell concurs with a definition, of virtual community, by Rheingold, that virtual communities are social aggregations emerging from internet forums when enough people carry on discussions with human feeling to form networks of personal relationships online. The evolution of Christian community online did not stop at the web groups and discussion forums for specific religions, in the mid – 1990s, cyber-churches and cyber-temples emerged as websites exclusively providing online worship services to their respective target groups (Stower, 2001). The argument behind this unique move was that the internet provides a forum for revolution, similar to the protestant wave, to reform and reinvent the ways in which faith and values are practiced and people communicate with each other and with God. The understanding was that people do not have to physically meet to practice their religious values and that computer networks provide social networks within which people can meet face-to-face, but virtually, within the computer network (Dawson 15). The study of religious community online critically began in early 1990s when scholars started paying attention more attention to issues of technology being used to congregate online, the types of discussions and practices. Two researchers, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Online Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Online Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from
(Online Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Online Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words.
“Online Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document



...?Target’s Community Outreach Program Target’s community outreach program has been in operation since 1962. The program is operated to lend support tovarious communities. Since implementing community support programs under the auspices of community outreach, Target has committed at least 5 per cent of its income to this effort. Cumulatively, this amounts to at least US$3 million weekly. In more recent times, Target has announced plans to commit US500 million in support of education and helping children learn to read by year end 2015. Target lends aid to education and helping children learn to read by partnering with key donors. For example Target partnered...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...?Ideal School/Community Public Relations Program School District The school district’s history goes back to 1949 when it was first formedby consolidating 11 schools. However, by the 1960s with enrolment more than doubling the school district opened 12 additional elementary schools, two more high schools and two more middle schools. Today the school district is now comprised of 109 schools. The school district opens between three and five new schools each year. The school district serves a region where new homes are constantly being constructed and is therefore constantly attracting highly qualified professionals and new students. Attendance is described as good as the school district has partnered with a truancy solution company... , the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...Education: Community Significance of community connections and support on people and families regardless of where they live cannot be taken for granted. Various community resources have been established in different settings in order to continue positively impacting on the lives of people and families irrespective of their residence. Through these community resources, people and families served are usually in a position to obtain their needs of support services. In order to have a deeper understanding of the significance of community resources to people and families, the following is a discussion of Family Justice Center, Michael’s House Drug & Alcohol...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper


...Community I have grown up in a household where the dining table served as a place for affectionate conversations for all in the family. I grew up witnessing the immense effect such conversations had in building up and sustaining human relationships. Misunderstandings were cleared over a cup of coffee, daily worries and painful experiences were alleviated with the help of mutual consolation as the food served its own soothing purpose, and happiness was shared in a meaningful manner with generous extra helpings. I realized how this four-legged furniture could facilitate ample foot and elbow support for the quality time needed to build mutual understanding and respect among people, through meaningful...
2 Pages(500 words)Admission/Application Essay

Analysis of online community

...prefer to use internet technology to communicate with each other instead of meeting people in person. Now the generation that has been born in the age of technology generally prefers to communicate through internet. This generation is also technology oriented therefore they want to make their lives easier. Companies have made use of this technology to cater to this market. Many online games and social networking sites have come up in order to provide entertainment to the people that are technology oriented. In this wave of internet activities many social networking sites have also come up and the most famous social networking site of today is Facebook. The social networking site has 700...
7 Pages(1750 words)Thesis Proposal


...A Community Instant messaging is a community because it is composed of groups of people who have similar interests. The interest is mostly online-based social interaction and involves the sending of information from one person to another. The group is held together by the interest of socializing and making new friends from all over the world. The people on instant message share the interest of making friends. They also share heightened desire for news updates, social entertainment, and socialization. The value of instant messaging comes in as a way to communicate online which is cheaper and carries volumes of information as compared to face-to-face...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Patients Like Me: An Online Community of Patients

...Patients Like Me: An Online Community of Patients – Company Analysis A. Essential case facts Patients Like Me is an online community of patients whose founders are James Heywood, the current Chairman, Ben Heywood, who is the current President of the company, and Jeff Cole. The company was developed from a personal passion during the time when the Heywood’s elder brother was suffering from the ALS or the Lou Gehrig’s disease. Patients Like Me has fifteen communities of patients that are made up of more than 80,000 patients who are engaged in discussions revolving around 19 diseases of which the most popular diseases are ALS and epilepsy. Patients Like...
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study

Online community management

... on your word only breeds dissatisfaction and disloyalty. Critisism may be present when shareholders are hit with the devastating news but the reputation of the company of the company will be upheld. References Herman, R. P. (2010).The HIP Investor: Make Bigger Profits by Building a Better World. John Wiley & Sons: New York City. Harvard Business Press. (2006). The Essentials of Corporate Communications and Public Relations. Harvard Business Press: United States. Pratt, J. Kulsrud, W. (2012). Corporate, Partnership, Estate and Gift Taxation 2013. Cengage Learning: Stamford.... RELATIONS The managers of any have the responsibility of ensuring the existence of the firm several years down the line. In times of crises, managers are expected to...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Online community and network

... Online community and network What are the key advantages and challenges of crowdsourcing? The key advantage to crowdsourcing according to (Lease and Alonso 308) is the fact that it is used as a subsidiary to automation of data and information. Data which involve dealing with emotions of people and addressing their motivation cannot be handled by the computers but rather require the touch of human beings. The other advantage of crowdsourcing is provision of human aspect which leads to social interaction and creation of social interface which lacks in automated machines. This leads to creation of quality assurance in any task designed (Kollock 152). One of the greatest challenges of crowdsourcing is the high risk of fraud... which was used...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper


...UNDESERVED POPULATION Definition A woman is an adult female human being. Women are capable of giving birth from the puberty stageuntil they reach menopause. Throughout history until current times, women assume various social roles. Female qualities are used as a base of different view of gender roles in various communities. Due to these view on women’s gender roles, some communities prohibit women from carrying out responsibility on several roles in society that are considered to be male duties. This caused adverse distinctive aspects in today’s community1. The current society portrays different gender roles from the ancient community. In prehistoric times, the women gathered firewood, honey and herbs for the family. In the modern... ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Online Community for FREE!

Contact Us