We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

World Religions - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Born in Australia, Dr. Peter L. Berger is a famous American Sociologist. “He is currently a professor of religion and sociology, and the director of The Institute for the Study of Economic Culture at Boston University” (Xiao, 1999, p. vii)…
Download full paper
World Religions
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
World Religions

Download file to see previous pages... Renowned in the world of academia, he is the celebrated author of a great many pieces of work related to sociology and religion, one of which is The Heretical Imperative. The purpose of my essay is to elucidate on his theory of heretical imperative. In order for us to understand what that is, we must first understand the key concepts of secularization, modernity, and religion since they play an important part in Mr. Berger’s theory of the heretical imperative. Dr. Peter Berger has written a lot regarding sociology of religion. Therefore, now the question arises, what is religion? According to Berger, “Religion is the human enterprise by which a sacred cosmos is established...sacred here, meaning a quality of mysterious and awesome power, other than man and yet related to him, which is believed to reside in certain objects of experience” (Berger, 1990, pp. 3-28). Religion is universally agreed to be born of faith in something that is bigger than anything we can ever conceive. A set of guiding rules are established from this faith. Religion helps us by making use of these rules, to create a sacred world for us; sacred because it is a world of mystical occurrences, not directly linked to us but a big part of us. A person can be sacred; an institution, a book, or perhaps a statue too. Anything or any being with which we attach a mystical and awesome power is, in all essence, sacred. And that sacredness is what Berger believes to be religion. In his book, Berger explains the other two vital concepts: modernity and secularization. In sociology, modernity is something that arose post industrial era. It is the phasing out of feudalism by people and their entering into the world that is similar to ours. It is losely linked with modernity is secularization. In Berger’s perspective - and in most sociologists’ as well - secularization marks the movement of the world from living with a close affiliation with religious beliefs to non-religious beliefs and secular states. Berger believes that it is pluralism that caused modernity and secularization. So what do these concepts have to do with the concept of heretical imperative? “Religion itself becomes a matter of choice; of necessary choice insofar there are few taken-for-granted religious ‘facts’ to fall back upon. In other words, religion becomes a heretical imperative” (Knepper, 2001). Here Knepper writes a review by using some of Berger’s own words to describe what a heretical imperative is. We live with a heretical imperative because of the pluralism that exists in our lives. The great numbers of institutions, religions, theories, paradigms give us too many choices. Religion itself is a matter of choice now. “Berger argues in his book that to face up to the relativity of theological knowledge requires that one affirm certain elements of the tradition and reject others; that is the heretical imperative” (Woodhead, 2001, pp. 1-9). According to Woodhead, Peter Berger has explained in his book that in traditional cultures (of the pre-modern man) people were exposed to a certain set of fundamental principles and rules. It is true that the so many cultures existing today are based on different religious and mythological epistemologies, but each culture, according to Berger, has an internal, underlying consistency; it must have it if it wishes to survive. To challenge this underlying mythology is called heresy. Berger explains heresy to mean to choose for one's self. The irony here, obviously, is that one will be heretical whether they choose traditional values or not. This is because when one chooses any values, or makes any kind of decision regarding religion, the substitutes and other choices are taken into ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
World Religions Report
World Religions Report. Nowadays religion and spirituality are important sources of world views and views of life. Both of them constitute not only creative political, but also social forces that greatly influence on people during the whole period of mankind existence.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
World Religions
World Religion. Shaman to a Priest or Minister Shamanism distinguishes markedly in quite a few significant features with tenets which inspire formal religious institutions and the measures connected with them. Initially, at institutional level, shaman was the sole practitioner whose extraordinary powers are special in nature.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
World Religions
World Religions. Thought as a historic cultural tradition as well as with respect to topographical roots, Daoism is a native Chinese religion. It originates within Chinese culture and it is generally clearly grasped via Chinese language as well as interpretations of being.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
World Religions
Religion is commonly referred to or defined as “a group of beliefs concerning the supernatural, sacred, or divine, and the moral codes, practices, values, institutions, and rituals associated with such belief.” (Wikipedia, 2006). There are many separate definitions of religion, and the Encyclopedia of Religion describes religion in the following way:
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
World Religions
The word Hindu is derived from the word Sindu, which is name of an ancient river Sindh (Indus river, Pakistan). The people who used to live by the bank of this river in ancient time were called Sindu. With the passage of time, the word Sindu became Hindu. Path of Desire describes an individual voyage to success and pleasure.
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
World Religions Report
At present, 25% of its followers are non-Filipino (Harper, 2001). This widespread religion known as Iglesia ni Kristo. Iglesia ni Kristo has already began spreading in
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
World Religions
Hinduism was first introduced formally to American society by Swami Vivekananda as part of the World Parliament of Religions at the Chicago Worlds Fair in 1893. Prior to this,
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
World Religions
Concept under consideration performs an essential role for supporters of Indian religions and culture. Karma forms a universal notion to a huge amount of people; still, for different Indian religions this idea represents various concepts and believes. Such religions as
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
World Religions
To begin with, it would not be an exaggeration to point out that the idea of personal interpretation of the Bible is central to Reformation Christianity. Indeed, unlike Roman Catholicism, where the meaning of the Holy Scriptures is defined by the central body, Reformation Christianity encourages people to develop their own understanding of the Bible.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
World Religions
As is it known, Protestantism emerged as a backlash against the Catholic Church. Martin Luther made a harsh criticism against the usurpation of religious authority held by the pope and other Catholic priests. In ideological terms, the differences between Catholicism and Protestantism are manifested in the questions of authority of the Bible.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic World Religions for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us