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The current prison and jail population in recent times has shown a substantial rise of over two million. America undoubtedly leads the world in terms of number of imprisoned population and that is a disgrace. USA prison system has made millions lives to live constantly under the threat of torture. This is precisely true for the 6.9 million individuals in USA who are at present imprisoned or some way or the other subject to the USA penal body (Franklin). More insidiously, the prison system has essentially assisted in turning torture into a normal, lawful, and a common part of American culture. Imprisonment can be classified as a form of torture owing to the fact that it is considered as the legal form of both punishment and avoidance. Moreover, the American prison system is typically designed and run to maximize filth, brutality, and punishment. As mentioned by Franklin “Beatings, electric shock, prolonged exposure to heat and even immersion in scalding water, sodomy with riot batons, nightsticks, flashlights, and broom handles, shackled prisoners forced to lie in their own excrement for hours or even days, months of solitary confinement, rape and murder by guards or prisoners instructed by guards” (Franklin) are very common within the closed walls of the American prison....
Christianity does not provide an easy answer to the viability of torture that is practiced by mankind. It does provide a sense of hope about something that Christians should respect and consider even more than their individual and national security. Due to the fact that the portrayal of the black sites are as elusive as attempts to define their legal status, a chronology from the past eight years of information pertinent to them can efficiently aid in understanding the phenomenon of the black sites. It is true that the black sites function beyond the jurisdiction of international and even, for all intents and purposes the American law. However, the way in which they do so is dependent and logically coherent with the divisions of power and accountability between various government agencies and departments-in particular, the pentagon, FBI, and CIA. The black sites are on the fringe of places that common man is able to see, but are cordoned off by essential makeshift legal fences. After the incident of 9/11, the CIA was ordered to operate and carry on their procedures without any legal restraints. By late 2001, empowered to act without restraints, the CIA fell short of places to hide their high valued detainees. Again the additional freedom that was granted to CIA instigated a desire to acquire greater control over their investigation without any sort of external indulgence. Due to this, the government of United States of America allotted millions of dollars to construct private prisons that were exclusively meant for the CIA. These private prisons are known as black sites. The first known and prominent black site was constructed in Kabul on an old factory site named as the ‘salt pit’. In the
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The increasing population of the world has caused an increase in crime rates leading to large correctional staff, severe punishments, and expansion in prison and jail systems. The United States of America being one of the largest countries in the world faces the same problem. The measures to control the criminals should also increase.
American prison system. The American prison system History. While United States of America has the largest corrections system in the world, the history of its prisons and jails goes back to the British prison system. However, the corporal punishment was largely absent in the old correction system and “bridewells”, as prisons in UK were called during 18th century.
The growing business of prison management has been heavy on the public interest financially. Thus, there is need to cut down the cost and overcrowding in the prisons along with maintaining the system of justice. Overcrowding can be reduced by addressing the issue that is responsible for so many people going into and remaining in the prison every year.
Prisons in the U.S. suffer from severe problems associated with violence, poor sanitation, over-crowding, sexual assault and drugs. It has been stated by several persons over many years that imprisonment is ineffective and expensive, yet it continues to be a main feature of penal policy of the justice system.
At year-end 2009, it reported that there were 743 incarcerated per 100,000 population. In 2009, over 7.2 million people were on probation, in jail or prison, or on parole at yearend. This comprised about 3.1% of all U.S. adult residents or 1 in every 32 adults.
In prison religion is a hotly stimulating force, and Islam is expanding rapidly. In prison, ‘conversion’ – for the most part by other prisoners – is the main source of Islam’s expansion. The relationship between penology and religiousity in the U.S.
Treatment and rehabilitation of addictive prison inmates could therefore be the answer to controlling crime rates; the relation between repeated prison visits and alcohol abuse being very strong. This study attempts to identify the link between criminal activity and substance abuse.
They have their own priority based on the every sect of human differences. This can include age, sex, sexual preference, colour, creed, belief, social stature- anything and maybe everything that could be taken into consideration. Thus, the aim of this paper is to understand the position of women in UK prisons particularly those women in prisons who have children, or who have had children whilst they were in prison.
Most prison gang members are from a poorer class. Gender is also a factor in prison gangs. Men are more likely to form gangs in prison than their women counterparts. While women are active gang members outside prison walls, the formation of