StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Syncretism - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
In china the followers of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism actively borrowed from each other in a mutual fashion to achieve syncretism commonly known as "sanjiao heyi” meaning the “Unity of the three teachings”…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.6% of users find it useful
Syncretism
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Syncretism"

Download file to see previous pages In china the followers of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism actively borrowed from each other in a mutual fashion to achieve syncretism commonly known as "sanjiao heyi” meaning the “Unity of the three teachings”. Ancient Chinese believed that the three religions merged into one creed and that all the three religions should be believed and followed (Gallager 105). Through syncretism the major differences between the different religions disappears or the adherents choose to adapt the differences into their way of religion avoiding contradictions in the sencretised worship.
Syncretism is unique in that it differs from the major doctrines that explain interaction of different religions; syncretism is not ecumenism which employs the belief that truth is universal. In syncretism every religion retains its fundamental beliefs and perceptions that define it. Syncretism does not seek to accommodate the religious practices of another religion but rather fully integrates the religion completely. Neither does syncretism involve integrating the other religions into one to reinforce the deficiencies and weaknesses of the individual religions (D'Costa 19). Before the Tang dynasty, the three distinct schools of thought tried successfully to remain distinct and pure from the influences of the other religions. Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism developed distinctively different and independent schools of thought, organization and ritual practices that was logical. Each religion had a different and a unique message to communicate to the society about the conduct of life. Syncretism of the three religions purposed to teach people to be good .They were mainly practiced by the elite’s intellectuals of the Chinese people who could be able to read, understand and translate the texts of the three doctrines. In the shengxue Zonglun text (Basic treatises on learning of the sages), the author states that the three teachings are one teaching and that the teaching of the three halls have changed because of false transmission. The author had an issue that the work was largely of Confucian doctrine aimed at destabilizing Buddhist and Taoist fundamental doctrines. This illustrates that syncretism indeed incorporated various aspects of the three religions as seen in this text which did not auger well with strong adherents of the religions who did not assent to syncretism. The unity of the three teaching was demonstrated by a practice of joint worship that incorporated cults and symbols from the other religious deities. The ‘chongful’ monastery had both Confucian and Buddhist traditions and religious practices. Worshippers would follow the state sanctioned cults and seek divination from the Confucian religion in a Buddhist monastery. In the sixteenth and seventieth century, the monks in the upper Tianzhu monastery constructed more than five halls of worship to non Buddhist deities. They constructed the shrine to the lingering beneficence of master Lei for the Taoist adherents. They also constructed the shrine of the three officials who protect the sage in 1574, which honored the Taoist deities of heaven, earth, and water that oversaw human actions from the underground. Many other Taoist shrines were constructed in the Buddhist monastery and they were fully functional without any disagreements, they coexisted peacefully and hence this suggests that the two religions had a functional syncretised way of worship that fully integrated Taoist and Buddhism. Joint worship of Buddha, Lao Zi and Confucius was commonly practiced in the mid -Ming period. Though the state did not ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Syncretism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1447910-syncretism
(Syncretism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1447910-syncretism.
“Syncretism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1447910-syncretism.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
yk
ykris added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
I didn’t know how to start my essay. "Syncretism " helped me out a lot! Especially the list of resources was valuable.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Syncretism

Cultural Syncretism and Resistance of Cultural Change

... with the resistance of cultural change westeners encountered in China and India. The cultural factors that caused the disparities in outcomes existence of diverse cultures and beliefs in different notions. For example, china and India trusted in beliefs that every person is perfect and is able to do anything in the world without depending on the other person (Bailey, 2009). Legacies such as change in demographic statistics have difference in types of encounters and degrees of cultural changes that were left today. The syncretism varies to a certain level depending to the group of individuals working extremely difficult. If syncretism had not been occurred, then the modern culture will be totally different since regions would have retained...
3 Pages (750 words) Coursework

Syncretism . The ways indigenous traditions shape and inform Latina/o expressions of Christianity

...which women have exercised pastoral and ministerial functions. The term ‘Nepantla’ is an Aztec language known Nahuatl which connotes the meaning of, ‘the space of the middle’ or ‘in between.’ It is a postmodern conjunctive in reference to the existence of a New Middle, the renaissance from the colonial domination as means of psychological survival. In other literary mandarins it is reffered to as dwelling in ‘Borderlands’ and a process constructing alternative space for living and working. To this end, Nepantla represents a transculturation process of divergent worldviews. To this end, an example of expression of syncretism in borderland and Nepantla theory is the transposing of The Virgin of Guadalupe on an Aztec god image. In the...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

English as the Official Language of the United States

Currently, there are 27 states using English as their official language and this includes Virginia.
This article provides an easy to understand explanation of the bill. The article also gives an overview of the scope of the said bill. When it comes to reliability, the article can be considered reliable because it gives facts about the development of the said bill. Moreover, the article comes from a reputable publishing company in the United States.
Lewin, T. (2005) Virginia: ACLU: That is Racist. Retrieved 05 May 2006, fromTheDailyFarce.com.Website:http://www.thedailyfarce.com/politics.cfm?story=2005%5C04%5Cpolitics_englishofficiallanguageaclucries
The Republican representatives have been accused of being racist,...
7 Pages (1750 words) Article

Ghosh, Religion, and Nationalism in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Egypt

...ins: I did not know Sidi Abu Hasira was a Jewish saint,’ I said at last. ‘In the countryside I heard that everyone went to visit the tomb,’ ‘You shouldn’t believe it,’ he said. ‘in the village, as you must know, there is a lot of ignorance and superstition’…my interrogator had said about the difference between religion and superstition, it occurred to me to turn to the shelves marked ‘anthropology’ and ‘folklore’. Sure enough, it was in those regions that my efforts met with their first rewards. (340- 342) The narrator found out that religion is just classification, culture or tradition. Yet Ghosh claims that these folklore religions contain an element of syncretism that unites different religions. Ghosh wanted to show that all...
62 Pages (15500 words) Dissertation

The Book Ambivalent Conquests

...is a classic case of cultural miscommunication, where a lot of wrong signals were exchanged due to language barriers. An example of these differing viewpoints is the case of syncretism where the natives found ways to practice their old religion and incorporated these practices despite their forced conversion to Catholicism by the Spanish conquistadores, much to the anger of the Spaniards who thought they had eradicated some of the Indians more gruesome practices like the heart excision of captive warrior-victims. For the Maya Indians, it was a way to survive in a harsh colonial environment where the Inquisition was practiced by the Franciscan friars to a wide degree but at the same time, an attempt to preserve their...
6 Pages (1500 words) Book Report/Review

The Follies of Feminist Art Historians

...that the syncretism imagined by Lyotard has indeed brought on an atmosphere of New Age cultural transmission; and one that substantially supports more traditional forms of philosophical elaboration. Works Cited Barker, E, 1999. Contemporary Cultures of Display. London: Open University. Carroll, David, 1987. Paraesthetics: Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida. New York & London: Metheun, Inc. Greenberg, R., ed., 1996. Thinking about Exhibitions. London: Routledge. Lyotard’s, Jean François, 1996. Les Immatériaux. In: Greenberg, R Ed., 1996. Thinking about Exhibitions. London: Routledge. Lyotard, Jean-François, 1977. Instructions Paiennes, Paris: Galilée. -- 1977.Rudiments Paiens: Genre...
10 Pages (2500 words) Case Study

Moving Global Cultures

Different aspects of globalization according to various definitions can be classified as economic, political and cultural and thus can be considered as very complicated (Appadurai, 2002:50).


Another set of arguments called the heterogeneity argument states that global culture is heterogeneous and this heterogeneity undermines the power of nation-states (Koopman and Statham,1999:660). This viewpoint reports global culture as fragmented, fluid, hybrid and syncretic. The third set of arguments views globalization as both homogenous and heterogeneous at the same time (Appadurai, 2002:50). This is because the images, symbols, and products will be highly homogenous across the globe and at the same time, the contextuali...
7 Pages (1750 words) Essay

The Paradigms of Cultural Syncretism

... are viable indicators of cultural acceptance of alien or former traditions. However, syncretism allows for the other culture to survive or infiltrate the former culture without sanctioned syncresis. Introduction The paradigms of syncretism have facilitated the emergence of cultural compromise. This has, in turn, contributed rather significantly to the establishment of values, customs and beliefs with diverse cultural bearings. As a consequence, the expansive traditions of the world have continually been able to gain popular backing in foreign regions. In essence, syncretism often describes the implication of the large-scale imposition of alien cultures, religions or sets of practices over other traditions, which are already in existent...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

The Pre-Contact Southeastern Indigenous People

... people. For instance, baptism and Christian mass replaced Apalachee ceremonies like Bulk, and those who continued to observe such ceremonies, they replaced certain rituals with those practiced under San-Luis-Rey festivals. However, post contact resulted in abandonment of missions due to conflicts with the European powers (Hudson, 2002). They also practiced to a lesser degree their syncretism and animist religion in conjunction with Catholism and later Protestant sects. Furthermore, widows became increasingly married to their deceased husband brothers, due to heightened men mortality arising from European waged wars, slavery and conquest. For instance the Spanish conquistadors’ wars left few southeastern tribes settlements unbroken. During...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

The Novels of the Post-War Period

... who find themselves confronting an external, dominant set of values. They must “syncretize,” or mix language, social protocol, and mythologies of the two cultural forces. Mayans and Aztecs were eventually forced to incorporate medieval Christian and Spanish symbols and figures into their daily lives and define Mexico for themselves (Lewis 69). For example, the name Woman Hollering Creek plays a pivotal role in the story because it symbolises the transformation of Cleófilas from a dependent, abused wife to a woman who takes control of her own life. Finally, Cleófilas is free to express her rage and scream, and the empowerment makes her happy enough to laugh. “Never Marry a Mexican” is the other classic fiction from Woman Hollering Creek...
24 Pages (6000 words) Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Syncretism for FREE!

Contact Us