Nobody downloaded yet

Shamanism in Korea - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Shamanism in Korea.
The study of Shamanism gives an extremely interesting understanding of indigenous folk religions of Northeast Asia. Shamanism deals with a wide range of practices and beliefs through which their practitioners (shamans) communicate with the spiritual world…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.5% of users find it useful
Shamanism in Korea
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Shamanism in Korea"

Download file to see previous pages The study of Shamanism gives an extremely interesting understanding of indigenous folk religions of Northeast Asia. Shamanism deals with a wide range of practices and beliefs through which their practitioners (shamans) communicate with the spiritual world. Ordinary individuals can only become shamans when they receive their calling. They tread supernatural dimensions and specialize in spiritual, mental and physical healing with the help of spirits (San-Hung A3). The present paper portrays an overview of shamanism in Korea. Korean shamanism is still an active practice and is deeply rooted in the people's ethnic consciousness (Stutley 23). It not only coexisted with other major religions such as Christianity, Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism, but also influenced them. The rituals performed by Korean shamans range from pig offerings for placating the gods, to walking barefoot on sharp knives to intimidate evil spirits (San-Hung A3). Shamanism in Korea has a rich history. It has affected the political, cultural and religious aspects of the country and survived years of suppression by foreign and local powers. This paper attempts to provide a brief overview of Korean shamanism, detailing its origins, concepts of god, rituals, songs, materialistic beliefs, and healing therapies. It also discusses the suppressions experienced by shamanism, and its post-modern revival. This would provide a good understanding of the Korean folk religion that is witnessing a growing interest from all quarters of the world. Korean Shamanism Overview Shamanism in Korea is known as sin'gyo, which means 'the religion of the gods'. It includes a sun and a bear cult apart from ancestor worship, suggesting a link between Korean shamanism and Siberian, Manchurian and Central Asian cultures. Prior to the advent of the Choson Dynasty, Korean shamans had a high social status and some were even rulers. For instance, the second ruler of the Sila Dynasty, Namhae, was a shaman. The high social standing and privileges enjoyed by shamans were lost since the arrival of other religions in South Korea. Yet, there were about 100,000 shamans in Korea in 1973. Until Korea was annexed by Japan in 1910, most shamans retained their functions at national sacrificial and royal rites. The Japanese destroyed most of the native religion by arresting shamans and raiding sacrificial ceremonies and offerings. Once Korea was liberated from Japan in 1945, shamans and their followers were persecuted by hostile Christians, who called them "devotees of the devil" (Stutley 23). Shamanism in Communist North Korea had to go underground due to its intolerance towards the folk religion. Shamanism in Korea is based on native ancient beliefs and traditions. Most shamans are women who found their calling after realizing they could serve as mediators between the spirit world and the human world, after surviving a critical sickness. According to their beliefs, spirits of ancestors, animals, trees and even non-living things exist in the air and interact with people, affecting their lives and fortunes (San-Hung A3). The Origin of Korean Shamanism The origin of Korean shamanism is not certain and is difficult to determine (Lee 135). This is because of the complexity of the religion as its practices diversified in different provinces, making it difficult to trace the source of its origin. Unsuccessful attempts were made during the end of the Yi Dynasty to unify the various practices of shamanism into one system (Lee I 135). While the term Mu was used to refer to shamans prior to the Yi Dynasty, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Shamanism in Korea Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1440361-shaman-in-korea
(Shamanism in Korea Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1440361-shaman-in-korea.
“Shamanism in Korea Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1440361-shaman-in-korea.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
no
noble10 added comment 7 months ago
Student rated this paper as
Terrific work done on the "Shamanism in Korea". I think it is the best sample I have seen so far.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Shamanism in Korea

North Korea

...?North Korea The purpose of this essay is to discuss the direction of the North Korean economy followed by a discussion of the possible weakening of the North Korean economy. When one first examines the North Korean economy it is the case that much of the information available is based on estimates owing to the fact that the government of North Korea is highly secretive. According to estimates by The United States Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of North Korea is 24.8 Billion U.S. Dollars which works out to a Per capita GDP of approximately $1,800. However it I expressly stated that these are merely estimates based on incomplete data. With this...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Korea

...? Korean War World War II divided Korea into a northern half, which was communist and American-occupied non-communist Southern half. The United States in the South along with the occupation of the North by the Soviet Union disturbed the attempts of the Koreans to create an autonomous government (Richardson & Maurer, p. 43). During November 1947, the United Nations General Assembly implemented a resolution that demanded a general election in the control of the UN Commission. Nonetheless, the Soviet Union declined to act in accordance with the UN resolution and disallowed the UN Commission entrance to the northern region of Korea. The UN Assembly implemented a fresh resolution demanded elections in regions...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Witchcraft and shamanism

...?WITCHCRAFT AND SHAMANISM It is one of the most distinguished innate characteristics of human nature that they do not confine themselves to the perceptible natural and social phenomena existing all around them. On the contrary, they appear to be determined for exploring the realities concealed under the pile of mystery and suspense, but certainly contain imperative significance in their nature and scope. Because of the motivation made by the same innate nature, dwelling in human breast since ever, man seeks help and support from metaphysical and supernatural beings at the critical moment when he finds himself hapless and surrounded by misfortunes and miseries. Thus, he has established his faith in the powers apparently...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

South Korea Research Paper

..., newly raising religions and the popular religion. Established religions include Buddhism, Christianity, newly rising religion include unification of churches, and the popular religion include shamanism (Clark 29). The oldest religions in South Korea are ideas, shamanism, and animism. In these kinds of religion, adherence believes that the world is filled with both helpful and harmful spirits. They also believe that living human beings through selected individuals, the shamans, could communicate to these spirits. This belief on the early times was marked by certain dances, chants and herbal remedies. In the current society of South Koreans, very few people practice this...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Russian Shamanism and Mysticism

...Russian Shamanism and Mysticism Introduction Shamanism is often used today as a general term that refers to a variety of spiritual activities that take place around the world. Many communities around the world that practices spiritualism in different ways and the concept of a spiritual knowledge can move to other places due to itinerary and movement of the people, as such the concept of shamanism was first introduced in Turks and Mongols after which it was shared with the neighboring Samoyedic and Tungusic communities. The term Shamanism is coined from Envek language found in the Northern Asia and its introduction to the west is due to the invasion of the Khanate of...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

One variety of Shamanism

...One Variety of Shamanism Our earliest ancestors' attempts to make sense of the various phenomena of nature and there effects on them gave rise to numerous faiths, rituals and practices many of which have survived the test of time. During those days ailments used to be more common and fatal and it was believed that the gods who were angry with the sinful people were responsible for the sufferings. From these feelings of insecurity developed the need for such a system that could heal diseases and bring a sense of well being for the community in the form of successful hunting, good rain, weather control and fertility of land. In order to activate that system a Guru was needed who could serve as the connective link between...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

North Korea and South Korea

... 26 July 2007 Comparison Essay When I lived in Korea about three years ago, communism was familiar not only to me but also to peers whom I grew up with. My country is divided into two parts, North Korea and South Korea. During early 1950's, North Korea joined China and Russia to become a communist country while South Korea separated from America to be a democratic country. Even though I live in South Korea, I still become curious on what's going on between the two countries. Both of them can be traced from the same origin and speaks the same language, yet it is irrefutable that their people's lines of thought are different. Communism is a political movement that believes in an economic system in which the state controls the means... . Even...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Shamanism

...Q1. Although shamans themselves are known for their use of verbal art as an important tool of their trade, one form of narrative that is important inshamanic traditions is the relating of stories about shamans by other members of the community. These tales may be told by friends, enemies, neighbors or clients. They involve accounts of healings, spiritual journeys, special characteristics, foibles and shamanic careers. Narrative memories of exceptional shamanic practitioners may even outlive their subject and persist beyond the practice of shamanism in that particular community. These tales take on a legendary, epic nature. In communities that continue the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Korean shamanism

...Shamanism is considered as one of the oldest spiritual traditions in the world. The task of a shaman is to mediate between the human and spiritual dimensions, helping to guarantee harmony and balance between the two dimensions. What differentiates a shaman from a priest is that the former undertake trance rituals. According to Mircea Eliade, an anthropologist, shamans have an ancient history of practice in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas.1 However, in this essay, I will explore the history, traditions, practices and societal implications of shamanism in Korea. I. History and Rituals of Korean Shamanism It could be...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Women in Shamanism

.... In South Korea, the practice of Shamanism is technically illegal, and this is because they are associated with witchcraft, and demonism. On this basis, any person who is viewed as a Shaman is greatly discriminated upon, and victimized by the society. On this note, these Shamans would practice their trade in secret, and in specific locations of South Korea (Öger, 235). Scholar denotes that most of the Shamans in Korea are female. Scholar denotes that the role of the female Shamans has decreased in South Korea, because of modernization, emergence of Christianity, Islam and other modern...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Shamanism in Korea for FREE!

Contact Us