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The Bible Among the Myths - Book Report/Review Example

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Introduction The introduction states that the idea of revelation is that there are some things in this world which are not explainable, and that there is a need for revelation from beyond to explain such things in the world. The very idea of revelation, however, is foreign to many in the world, who believe that each individual is in charge of his or her own destiny…
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The Bible Among the Myths
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Download file to see previous pages The author also states that, in comparing the Old Testament and literatures of the ancient Near East is that there is a difference in how the medium by which the divine is known. Israel’s neighbors comes to know their divinity by nature, while in Israel, knowing their divinity relies upon human-historical experience. Since Israel comes to know their divinity by historical analysis, it therefore becomes important to understand if the historical facts presented in The Bible are true – did they really take place? There is increasingly a skepticism that these events did take place. This, in turn, presents a new conundrum – if the historical events are not true, then can we believe the word of God, as the medium through which he is understood is the historical analysis? The author thinks that this is not possible, that if the historical events are not true, then the word of God cannot be extricated and preserved. Chapter 1 The chapter begins by analyzing the symbiotic relationship between The Bible and Greek thought – the Bible provides a foundation for Greek thought, and Greek thought influences the logical narrative of historical realities found in the Bible. By Greek thought, the author notes that the philosophers, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, were in opposition to the prevailing religious culture, for these philosophers intuited that we lived in a universe, not a polyverse. These philosophers, in other words, did not accept that the world was ruled by multiple gods, as the predominant Greek culture thought at this time. It was therefore a battle between the rational minds - as illustrated by the philosophers, the Greek playwright Euripides, and others – and the irrational minds, which was the dominant Greek culture who believed in multiple deities. The author then states that, while the ancient Greek philosophers were struggling to explain their rationality, on the eastern end of the Mediterranean there were parallel events, taking place between 625 BC and 400 BC. This time, the prophets were the parallel to the Greek philosophers, as they were trying to present ideas which were antithetical to the culture around them. Like the Greek philosophers, they were espousing the idea that there is only one God, who was the creator of all. However, the outcome was different – monotheism won out in Israel over paganism. What occurred next was that Greek philosophy, with its logical consistency but inability to translate to real-life, was combined with the biblical worldview, which lacked logical consistency but was translated into real-life. However, according to the author, Enlightenment leaders attempted to make the Greek logic stand on their own, without the biblical underpinning, and the result is a world where the individual is more important than anything else. Chapter 2 This chapter attempts to address the concern that the Bible is myth, by looking at various definitions of the word “myth.” This is because, in contrast to earlier times, there has been increasing scholars who have stated that the Bible is myth, or it has mythical qualities. The author then goes through the various definition of the word “ ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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