From one of several perspectives of Covenant Theology, the organization of the Bible’s description of the history of God’s relationship with humans can be viewed within the context of three important overarching covenants: redemption, works, and grace…
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Throughout the Old Testament are historical covenants which advance and refine the Covenants of Redemption and Grace. In another perspective of Covenant Theology, the Covenant of Redemption is without evidence, the Covenant of Grace is implicit as the main covenant, and the historical covenants reflect different administrations of the Covenant of Grace. A third perspective of Covenant Theology is that, since the Bible does not specifically refer to any covenants of redemption, works or grace, it is more scripturally accurate to see all covenants as historical, and to see god’s plan of redemption/grace as an overarching purpose, but not specifically as covenants. This paper will discuss these major areas, as well as the historical covenants, as they are found throughout the sections of the Old Testament (Pentateuch, Historical Books, Poetical Books, and Prophesy), shaping Christian understanding and appreciation of the fulfillment of God’s purpose through Old Testament times, transitioning our understanding readiness, and application of covenant truths in the New Testament. A covenant is a promise, a contract of protocol, which outlines specific expectations and outcomes of keeping and breaking the expectations, binding on all parties and descendents. In the case of God’s covenants with people, God dictates the terms. The Covenant of Works was established with Adam and Eve, in Eden. God’s instruction was explicit. Adam was told to name the animals and to be a steward over God’s creation. God commanded them to be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth. They were invited to partake of the abundance of paradise, but were forbidden to eat of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. The latter stipulation had a consequence of death, for violation of terms. Freewill obedience demonstrates faith. In exchange for abiding by this covenant, God gave them eternal life in a perfect paradise, control over plants and animals in the garden, protection, and God’s own companionship and love. This covenant was binding on Adam and Eve and all descendants, even to us. When Eve was persuaded by Satan to eat forbidden fruit, and Adam also accepted from Eve, because of Satan’s false rationalization about God’s motivation and agenda, sinful choice separated them from God and paradise, but also separated us from God and paradise. The consequence of death and suffering that became theirs also became ours. There are two kinds of covenants which God makes with man: conditional and unconditional (Warren, 2000). Conditional covenants are where God says what he will provide “if” people will do what he instructs them to do, and to not do what he instructs them to not do. The Covenant of Works is a conditional covenant (Warren, 2000). The Covenant of Grace, however, was an unconditional covenant (Warren, 2000). There was no “if” clause. God made a gift, no strings attached. His gift was to send his son, Jesus, to be born without sin (as the child of God), to live a life without sin, and to die as a sacrifice for all the sin ever committed and all the sin ever to be committed by everyone everywhere. This was nothing we could earn, because we had already failed that test, through Adam and Eve, already shown that we would use our free choice in a wrong way. The consequence of death was part of the contract. Only Jesus could pay it, and he willingly did so, and God willingly sent Him. The Covenant of Redemption is the everlasting agreement, within the Godhead, before history began, for Jesus, the Son, to be born as a man, to live a life of obedience to the law and to God, and die a sacrificial death to atone for human sin. This agreement was powered by the Holy Spirit. This can be seen as a covenantal arrangement
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“Covenants of God With His Children. Pentateuch Discussion Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/religion-and-theology/1394557-covenants-of-god-with-his-children-pentateuch-discussion.
A discussion on Health Related Issues and Interventions for School Age Children Introduction Research identifies that the most difficult stage in child development is the mid and later stages of development. Most school age children are between these ages and thus they are most affected by factors in the external environment that pose a danger to their development.
This holy trinity consists of three mythological gods that are Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh (Shiva), who primarily personify the three essential aspects of cosmic functioning that are creation, sustenance and destruction. Of these three gods, Brahma is considered to be the creator of the universe.
This act, among others, shows us his love. Another thing to keep in mind is that in the biblical sense, the Hebrew word for “covenant” means more than just a contract. According to padfield.com, the word for “covenant” in the Old Testament “comes from a Hebrew root word that means "to cut." This explains the rituals used in the Old Testament when people enter into a covenant, such as passing thru cut bodies of slain animals, or sharing a meal.
Based on the subject matter, covenant as used in the Hebrew Bible could be said to mean an agreement that binds man to God. “Sometimes we seem to get the impression that there were different covenants with different people in different eras, like the Abrahamic covenant or the Davidic covenant.
At the same time, atheists question this argument. In their opinion, if nothing can be evolved out of emptiness, from where God comes. The arguments both in favor and against the existence of God seem to be ever lasting. In other words, it is impossible to either prove or disprove the existence of God.
They were also to obey all the commandments and not to touch the foot of the mountain. They were therefore the community and still God initiated the relationship through Moses. In Abraham’s covenant, he and Isaac were the community. Abraham was to sacrifice his only son as part of obeying God.
It is also termed formative measurement.
A question can be termed as formative in nature, or can be easily molded around to form a summative assessment query. Both evaluation methods deploy different approaches and the mode of checking the progress of the students.