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Research by Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on Understanding Attachment - Literature review Example

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The paper "Research by Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on Understanding Attachment" states that Ainsworth work focused on human beings and Harlow’s work focused on animals, Ainsworth work was of higher complexity as it took into consideration the different forms of attachments…
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Research by Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on Understanding Attachment
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Download file to see previous pages Two researchers who have made a tremendous amount of contribution in the field of attachment and caregiving are Mary Ainsworth and Harry Harlow. They have developed a series of theories and have contributed heavily to help others understand the psychological ideology of attachment. Several similarities and differences between the works of these two psychologists have figured out and this paper will concentrate on the comparison between the works on the concept of attachment provided by these two psychologists.
In the introductory paragraph, it was specified that there are several similarities between the work on attachment done by Harlow and Ainsworth. The main similarity between their works is that both the psychologists proposed that attachment that is experienced by both individuals and animals are not only dependant on impression as this was believed by the psychologist Lorenz (RATHUS, 2011, p.215). Another similarity between the proposed theories of attachment of Harlow and Ainsworth is that attachment is not only a method or a route to sustain close contact between the child and the mother. These two works of psychology clearly explain and reject the previous hypothesis that attachment that takes place between human beings and animals is not simply dependant on impression and contact is not only the single reason that results in a higher amount of attachment.
The main difference between the works of Ainsworth and Harlow is the kind of study that these both psychologists conducted in order to devise their theory. For instance: Harlow conducted his work while focusing on the behaviors that were exhibited by rhesus monkeys in the context of providing comfort and food from a substitute mother for the rhesus monkey (WEITEN, 2011, p.342). On the other hand, Ainsworth’s work focused on the attachment between human beings and it focused on how infants behaved when they were presented to a Strange Situation Protocol environment.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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