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Causes of Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Strategies - Literature review Example

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The paper "Causes of Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Strategies" highlights that competence and experience like knowledge and skills would be necessary aspects for caregivers and parents of adolescents if this group would be imparted with high refusal assertiveness…
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Causes of Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Strategies
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Download file to see previous pages McArdle (2009), Stoddard (2009) and the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, UNODOCCP (2002) document alcohol as the major drug being abused by adolescents in the UK. These sources attribute this to the wide gap between parents and the community on one hand and adolescents on the other.
Abuse of substances such as alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and inhalants has caused adolescents to suffer from diminished health, reduced development opportunities and compromised performance in school apart from increasing health costs, crime, accidents and violence (Fawcett et al., 2008; McCrystal et al., 2007). Parrot et al. (2004) observed that alcohol intake leads to antisocial behaviours and increased aggression which Gilvary (2003) and Petry (2006) argue draws concern from clinicians, politicians, families and researchers. To avoid such effects, effective prevention strategies should be adopted with deterrent messages being repeated by multiple messengers – peers, parents, the community and school – from childhood through adolescence. Canning et al. (2004) categorise such approaches into two; a universal approach aimed at reaching everyone and targeted approach focused on a sub-group considered to be high risk. National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIDA (2003) further categorises the approaches into three: universal, applicable to everyone; selective, applied to target teens and children; and indicted, aimed at youth abusing drugs. This paper will analyse some of the prevention approaches applied in the targeted or selective approach which aims at preventing substance abuse among adolescents. These approaches will direct the causes of adolescent substance abuse with support from various research studies. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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