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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - Research Paper Example

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According to the following paper, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorder affecting children. It also affects adolescents and adults. Adhd is a behavioral and developmental disorder…
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Download file to see previous pages Boys are affected 2-4 times more frequently than girls are. The reason for this discrepancy still remains to be identified. Adhd is basically a behavioral disorder, which renders its diagnosis rather difficult. These symptoms are considered a part of the normal developmental behavior of a child at a young age, but when these symptoms do not resolve with increasing age or if the severity of the symptoms worsens, then this points to the diagnosis of ADHD. Running around, roughhousing, shouting and being difficult to handle, are normal for some kids and are rarely alarming for parents. If the school going years bring constant complaints about the child, like not being attentive, being disruptive and messing with other kids, not listening to the teacher and lacking behind in the homework. Such constant complains raise a concern in parents mind and this is usually the time when parents seek doctors advice. And most of such children are diagnosed to suffer from ADHD. With proper long-term treatment and behavior therapy, most of the cases can be managed, though not cured.
The core pathology behind ADHD still remains an issue of controversy. Frontal cortex dysfunction and cerebellar dysfunction plays a role since frontal cortex is the area of the brain that controls the process of thinking. There is a general reduction in brain volume. Neuroimaging shows that the problem lies in the four interrelated frontostriatal regions, namely lateral prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, caudate, and putamen (Miller et al 2006). Research into the cause of ADHD has shown the involvement of a genetic component. People having "seven-repeat variant of dopamine D-4 receptor" are at a 30%greater risk of developing ADHD. The right brain of such individuals also shows unusual thinness.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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