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Advantages and Disadvantages of Psychological Theories - Coursework Example

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The author of the paper titled "Advantages and Disadvantages of Psychological Theories" examines and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of evolutionary psychology and Freud’s theory of unconscious thought as explained by conflicting methodologies…
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Psychological Theories
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Download file to see previous pages As an example, physics employs mathematics to test theories but the psychological explanation of the unconscious mind cannot be as accurately defined or confirmed. In addition, the theories of other sciences are more tangible. Gravity is a theory that has yet to be proven yet the fact that it occurs is universally accepted. By contrast, the most basic questions concerning behavior have yet to be answered or accepted by the whole of the professional and academic psychological community. Disagreements abound regarding the existence and functions of the unconscious mind, the genesis of human motivations, and whether the behavior is influenced more by genetic, social, or physiological causes. Unlike other sciences, there are many viable systematic methods of explaining human behavior. 

The foundation of evolutionary psychological theory relies on the principle that considerable components of human cognitive capabilities are inherent, derived from genetic coding. This logic is based on the assumption that the brain/mind, much as the body, evolves functional modifications so as to adapt to its environment. The evolution theory applies to the body at least to a great degree but to draw an evolutionary connection to the mind is, by some estimations, flawed reasoning. People have the ability to learn and generally pass along learned behavioral guidelines to subsequent generations. The passing of learned behavior from generation to generation is commonly referred to as ‘culture.’ The process of learned and cultural adaptations occurs much more rapidly than does evolution via genetic means therefore are much more proficient in producing practical adaptations. Consequently, learned behavioral modifications are more influential than inherited mental capacities thus are dominant. Because genetic alterations of the mind are unnecessary there is no scientific reasoning that could explain the need for evolution by this method. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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