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Suicide - Research Paper Example

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Depression is primarily the motivating factor for suicide. Depression denotes mood disturbances characterized by feelings of discouragement, sadness…
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Suicide Suicide I. Introduction (a) Thesis ment: Although personality problems can lead to suicide, the psychological disorder is a key motivating factor.
(b) General information: Suicide relates to the act of someone ending his life by either hanging or poisoning himself or herself. Depression is primarily the motivating factor for suicide. Depression denotes mood disturbances characterized by feelings of discouragement, sadness and despair that result from some personal tragedy or loss (Randall et al., 2014). Thus, depression may also refer to mood disorder. The effects of such disorder on the life of an individual can be profound and disturbing. According to Quiñones, Jurska, Fener, & Miranda (2015), aspects of cognitive, emotional, behavioral and physiological consequences relates to the symptoms of mood disorder. Self-destruction is potentially the most tragic consequence of mood disorder. However, it is crucial to point that there are other causes of suicide besides depression. Suicide is also linked to personality disorder and schizophrenia.
II. First Topic: Persons who commit suicide
(a) As mentioned before, there is a close link between suicide and depression (Sinyor, Schaffer, & Cheung, 2014). It is essential to assert that almost everyone experience episodes of depression attributable to other stress factors; however, the lever of severity differs.
(b) In the mild state, it usually appears normal, and the individual can recover from it, but in severe level it often disturb the individual leading to suicidal thoughts (Fowler, Gladden, Vagi, Barnes, & Frazier, 2015). It does not discriminate and can affect individuals of all ages.
III. Second Topic: Characteristics of individuals who commit suicide
(a) Age: most suicidal attempts happen between teenage and adult age (Anderson, Rees, & Sabia, 2014). However, individuals who are forty-five to sixty years old show the highest rates of suicidal cases.
(b) Race: research indicates that instances of suicide are high among the white race compared to the rest.
(c) Sex: more men often succeed at killing themselves than women. On the contrary, more women attempt suicide than men. Women usually act out of impulse and use methods that are relatively less serious, which in most cases does not make them succeed in committing suicide (Yi-Sheng Jiang & Ming-Chang Tsai, 2013). However, men often act after advanced thought and use methods that are relatively more serious like a gun.
(d) Marital status: studies show that individuals who are single, widowed, divorced are more likely to commit suicide compared to married people.
(e) Psychiatric history: individuals who have problems related to the mental health or have experienced such problems are at increased risk of committing suicide (Consoli et al., 2015). Other problems such as chronic alcoholism can lead to suicidal thoughts.
IV. Third Topic: Reasons for committing suicide
(a) A number of theories attempt to give an explanation why some individuals would choose to terminate their lives (Han, Compton, Gfroerer, & McKeon, 2014). However, even with these theories, it is still difficult to determine the persons who are likely to commit suicide.
(b) Different theories establish cognition as a contributing factor to a psychological disorder (Ryuichiro Narishige, Yoshitaka Kawashima, Yasushi Otaka, Takuya Saito, & Yoshiro Okubo, 2014). The pain of losing a loved one can lead to hopelessness and despair resulting to suicidal thoughts.
V. Fourth Topic: Types of suicide
(a) Psychologists argue that motivation to commit suicide is a phenomenon relating to social factors (Phillips, 2013). Three types of suicides exist; these include altruistic, egoistic and anomic.
VI. Fifth Topic: Prevention
(a) Psychologists points that early intervention in case of depression is essential in reducing the culmination of its effects, which can eventually lead to suicidal thoughts(Valois, Zullig, & Hunter, 2015).
(b) In addition, counselling help individuals who have lost their loved to cope with the situation (Sun & Zhang, 2015).
VII. Conclusion
Several factors can motivate an individual to commit suicide. Key among such factors include severe depression, which is a psychological disorder. In most case, any person can harbor suicidal thoughts, which can lead them to kill themselves. Early intervention in case of depression is necessary as a preventive measure.
References
Anderson, D. M., Rees, D. I., & Sabia, J. J. (2014). Medical marijuana laws and suicides by gender and age. American Journal of Public Health, 104(12), 2369–2376. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2013.301612
Consoli, A., Cohen, D., Bodeau, N., Guilé, J.-M., Mirkovic, B., Knafo, A., … Gérardin, P. (2015). Risk and protective factors for suicidality at 6-month follow-up in adolescent inpatients who attempted suicide: an exploratory model. Facteurs de Risque et de Protection de La Suicidabilité Au Suivi de 6 Mois D’adolescents Hospitalisés Pour Tentative de Suicide : Un Modèle Exploratoire., 60, S27–S36.
Fowler, K. A., Gladden, M., Vagi, K. J., Barnes, J., & Frazier, L. (2015). Increase in suicides associated with home eviction and foreclosure during the US housing crisis: findings from 16 national violent death reporting system states, 2005–2010. American Journal of Public Health, 105(2), 311–316. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.301945
Han, B., Compton, W. M., Gfroerer, J., & McKeon, R. (2014). Mental health treatment patterns among adults with recent suicide attempts in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 104(12), 2359–2368. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302163
Phillips, J. (2013). Factors associated with temporal and spatial patterns in suicide rates across U.S. States, 1976-2000. Demography, 50(2), 591–614. http://doi.org/10.1007/s13524-012-0176-y
Quiñones, V., Jurska, J., Fener, E., & Miranda, R. (2015). Active and passive problem solving: moderating role in the relation between depressive symptoms and future suicidal ideation varies by suicide attempt history. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(4), 402–412. http://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22155
Randall, J. R., Walld, R., Finlayson, G., Sareen, J., Martens, P. J., & Bolton, J. M. (2014). Acute risk of suicide and suicide attempts associated with recent diagnosis of mental disorders: a population-based, propensity score-matched analysis. Risque Aigu de Suicide et de Tentatives de Suicide Associé À Un Diagnostic Récent de Troubles Mentaux : Une Analyse Populationnelle Par Appariement de Scores de Propension, 59(10), 531–538.
Ryuichiro Narishige, Yoshitaka Kawashima, Yasushi Otaka, Takuya Saito, & Yoshiro Okubo. (2014). Gender differences in suicide attempters: a retrospective study of precipitating factors for suicide attempts at a critical emergency unit in Japan. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1), 105–116. http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-14-144
Sinyor, M., Schaffer, A., & Cheung, A. H. (2014). An observational study of bullying as a contributing factor in youth suicide in Toronto. Une Étude D’observation de L’intimidation Comme Facteur Contributif Du Suicide Chez Les Adolescents de Toronto., 59(12), 632–638.
Sun, L., & Zhang, J. (2015). Coping skill as a moderator between negative life events and suicide among young people in rural China. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(3), 258–266. http://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22140
Valois, R., Zullig, K., & Hunter, A. (2015). Association between adolescent suicide ideation, suicide attempts and emotional self-efficacy. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 24(2), 237–248. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9829-8
Yi-Sheng Jiang, & Ming-Chang Tsai. (2013). The Correlation between Socioeconomic Factors and the Suicide Rate. International Journal of Intelligent Technologies & Applied Statistics, 6(4), 415–429. http://doi.org/10.6148/IJITAS.2013.0604.06 Read More
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