Childcare: Child Psychology - Assignment Example

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This paper focuses on the evaluation of child psychology in terms of prominent psychological theories, principles, and practices of child psychology, child nurturing practices, and the social and experiential relationship between childhood experiences and psychology…
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Download file to see previous pages Developmental psychology is an approach aimed at explaining the manner in which children and adults grow with time (Shaffer & Kipp, 2010, pp. 41-42). However, most of the present theories explain how children grow since this period involves most changes in a person’s lifespan. While developmental psychologists evaluate a wide range of theoretical areas such as cognitive, biological, social, and emotional, this section focuses on emotional and psychological theories. The three main child psychological theorists are Freud, Erikson, Piaget, Bowl by, and Ainsworth. Influenced by the theories and approaches of these theorists, modern-day childhood psychologists work with caregivers and children in research, assessment, and healing of developmental issues (Shaffer & Kipp, 2010, p. 42). The forms of treatments used by child psychologists include therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, and assisting children to learn and solve their problems in a manner that is healthy and productive. Considering that children normally have needs that vary from those of adults, childhood psychologists should seek to adopt can treatment methods that accommodate such needs. Besides working with schools and orphanages, childhood psychologists are also found in institution dealing with children, such as child welfare offices, and health-based organizations such as hospitals, and mental health clinics. Additionally, some child psychologists practice independently, thus allowing them to provide more focus on each patient.
Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory is the foundation of theories such as Erik Erikson. According to Freud, childhood psychological development occurs in three stages[CITATION Bur \l 1033 ]. Each stage represents constant libido and each phase translated as instincts or sex drives on different body areas. Additionally, Freud revealed that as children and adults grow, some parts of their body offer crucial information on a person’s potential sources of frustrations or pleasure.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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