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Freud and the Unconscious - Research Paper Example

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The writer of this paper explains what Freud means by ‘the unconscious’ and evaluates the reasons he gives for supposing it exists. For Freud, the unconscious is underpinned by repression, so that any proof of the unconscious always fundamentally rested in the repressed…
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Freud and the Unconscious
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Download file to see previous pages As a method of treatment, psychoanalysis seeks to cure neurotic disorders and as a collection of psychological information, it accumulates all information related to the investigation of the mental processes as well as the treatment for such mental processes if applicable. Freud did most of his works in the late 19th century in Vienna. One of Sigmund Freud’s prominent works is the structural conception of the psyche wherein he divided it into two structures: the conscious and subconscious. The structural conception of the psyche by Freud is significant because this formed the basis of psychoanalysis. Freud later on, expounded on this theory and developed it into the tripartite structural division of the psyche consisting of the following: the ego which is the eyes and window to the outside world and is conscious and pre-conscious; the id which represents the basic instincts of man, which is unconscious and contains the sexual and aggressive drives of a person, and; the superego, is the ‘conscience’ and also the organ of repression (Sherratt 2002 p 50).
The basis of Freud’s findings, theories, and analysis of mental processes which led to the advancement of psychoanalysis was his works on patients suffering from hysteria. The works of Freud on the human psyche can be classified into five: the psychosexual theory of human development; the division of the psyche into the conscious and unconscious; the categories of ego and id; the theory of human development, and; the notion that psyche is composed of the life instincts and death instincts. It is the second theory of Freud on psyche which is the structural division of psyche into the conscious and the unconscious which formed the fundamental principle of psychoanalysis (Sherratt 2002 pp 50-51).
Freud based his structural division of the human psyche from his observations of his patients with hysteria. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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