The author of the case study "Mindfulness Meditation as a Treatment for Depression" states that Until quite recently the treatment of choice for depression, and for many other conditions identified as psychiatric illnesses, has been Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT). …
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It is informative to note that Behaviour Therapy developed at a time when psychology regarded classical and operant conditioning as sufficient mechanisms in explaining human behavior. Later when psychology took on board the mediation of thought and language (what went on inside the ‘black box’) as important in explaining human behavior, Cognitive Therapy was born. CBT is approved by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) in the UK. However, since no one therapy (including medication) has been proved to be universally beneficial for all patients, the field of counseling and therapy is replete with many alternatives such as psychoanalysis, Gestalt Therapy, and other humanistic therapies. These are not seen as ‘scientific’, objective, and amenable to quantitative research. Increasingly, with the passage of time, it appears that ‘mind’ a concept that had been totally alien to ‘scientific’, positivistic psychology, was beginning to be accepted, at least in the form of neural activity in the brain underpinning all mental schemata as the basis of behavior. From here, it has been quite a jump to accept ‘mindfulness meditation’, borrowed from the Hindu and Buddhist traditions practiced as a religious observance for more than 2500 years as a means of reaching enlightenment. So, Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), may be seen as an innovation in therapy through an attempt a fusion between two widely divergent fields of human endeavor separated not only by the time of origin but by the distinctiveness of culture as well. Even so, over the last two decades, MBCT appears to have proved efficacious in treating persistent or recurring depression in psychiatric patients (Teasdale et al 2000). Meditation is mindfulness is the cultivation of awareness of the activity of one’s consciousness from moment to moment. When one is able to accomplish this, it can stop one from being trapped in constant ruminations and automatisms in thinking and mood.
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...with multiple sclerosis, and people with epilepsy who are resistant to standard treatment” (Medical Dictionary, par. 2). Categories of Meditation According to Scott (2009), the two categories of meditation are concentrative and non-concentrative. For the concentrative category, the meditator focuses on an object outside the body, such as a flickering flame of the candle or a musical background. On the other hand, the non-concentrative category was indicated to have a wider or broader focus from the individual’s external environment (sounds), or one’s own breathing and inner state of the physical body (Scott, par. 6). McNeely, presented two meditation...
... Task Case Study on Treatment Option of Depression Introduction Depression is a condition in which the mind is disturbed and a person usually has no interest in life. This condition usually makes a person to feel hopeless and worthless in life. Individuals suffering from depression are usually withdrawn and do not like to intermingle with others. There are various treatment recommended for treating depression, this include, psychotropic medication, cognitive behavior therapy and psychoanalysis. Psychotropic Medication/ Antidepressants This medication is usually used to treat extreme symptoms of depression. The medication is recommended to patients who have lost appetite, those who do not sleep and patients who are usually unhappy... to try...
..., these symptoms depend on various factors, which include the individual’s age, gender, and ethnicity. The diagnosis of depression can only be done clinically because it is impossible to perform physical tests for this condition. This makes it extremely essential for individuals to consult professionals, who are specialized in mental health, if they notice the symptoms of depression in themselves, or those people close to them. One of the first steps that one should take when seeking treatment for this disorder is by undergoing a full psychological evaluation to determine whether one does suffer from depression. This condition should not be looked upon as a weakness, but...
...Section A - Focus of and reasons for the study and research questions Working - Is 5 hydroxytriptophan as effective as fluoxetine (Prozac) in the treatment of unipolar depression.
Describe what you would like to do - your focus
Trials were searched in computerized general (Medline, Psychlit, and Embase) and specialized databases (Cochrane Controlled Clinical Trials Register, Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Controlled Trial Register); by checking reference lists of relevant articles; by handsearching relevant specialist journals; and by contacting relevant authors where appropriate
What would be the purpose of the research in terms of adding to / clarifying...
...Let me tell you something: it is not a cure and it is actually lethal. These drugs are dangerous . . . There is a hormonal thing that is going on that is . . . scientifically, you can prove that. But when you talk about emotional chemical imbalances in people, there is no science behind that.” Tom Cruise speaking about Paxil as a postpartum treatment (Neill 2005).
“Comments like those made by Tom Cruise are a disservice to mothers everywhere. To suggest that I was wrong to take drugs to deal with my depression, and that instead I should have taken vitamins and exercised shows an utter lack of understanding about postpartum depression and childbirth in general.” Brooke Shields response...
...Organizational Mindfulness By Organizational Mindfulness: an analysis of corks workshop Introduction Mindfulness refers to the utilization of human cognition to solve both organizational and individual problems (Weick and Sutcliffe, 2001). This does not, however, mean that the best solution will result from a mindful response; instead, it means that an organization will be able to pick a solution from a list of options. Therefore, approaches based on mindfulness involve an organization or an individual’s ability to perform in a dynamic environment. Such capability is dependent on the way that these individuals or organizations think, how they collect...
...the behaviour with the thought that it has some adaptive benefits.
Alcoholism plays an important role in the acceleration of domestic violence. First, alcoholic victims are prone to anger. This provokes them to fight members of their families especially the wives at the slightest provocation. Secondly, an alcoholic will spend all his salary on alcohol, failing to cater for his family needs, which causes domestic violence. Thirdly, an alcoholic will do anything to raise money for his beer, which includes selling household goods. This does not go well with the wife who has struggled so much to raise the family in the absence of this man and buy those household equipment.
Beck, Aaron and Brad Alford. Depression:...
...with active depression and anxiety in primary care”, BMC Psychiatry, 2006. 6:14
Hofmann S. G., Asmundson G. J. “Acceptance and mindfulness-based therapy: New wave or old hat? ”. Clinical Psychology Review. 2007. 28: 1-16
Marlatt, G. A., & Kristeller, J. L. “Mindfulness and medi- tation. In W. R. Miller (Ed.)”, Integrating spirituality into treatment: Resources for practitioners (pp. 67-84). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 1999
Nguyen L., Toneatto T. “Does MindfulnessMeditation Improve Anxiety and Mood Symptoms? A Review of the Controlled Research” . Brief Communication, 2007. Vol. 52, No 4
...MeditationMeditation is a principal part of Buddhism because it plays a role into enlightenment. Knowledge is an essential tenet of the religion and meditation plays a major role into gaining awareness about the self and the environment. Meditation in Buddhism involves both the mind and the body in a sense that the meditating person avoids duality. In this sense, meditation is a method of controlling the mind such that it becomes tranquil and focused. This state allows the meditating person to become more aware. Meditation can occur either individually or in groups....
...depression, or are external factors the only suspects? These questions will form the spine of this paper and will guide the arguments presented for and against the subject, as well as the conclusion.
The main causes of depression have little to do with individual attributes, and more to do with nutritional, biological, psychological, and sociological factors.
Hippocrates said that “food is medicine and medicine is food.” This might explain the connection between depression and nutrition, because depression is an illness that affects the body as well as the mind. It is important to note that nutrition is closely...
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