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Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior - Assignment Example

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The paper "Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior" will begin with the statement that fear is one of the intrinsic factors that instigate the human motivation process. Deci and Ryan wrote that the ongoing motivation propensity is present to energize and direct behavior…
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Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior
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Download file to see previous pages Fear, positively, leads people to undertake challenges, to create order from chaos, to regulate their drives, or to become involved in interesting activities. For instance, if a man feels anxious to drive in a freeway, he could be compelled to conquer his fear by practicing freeway driving. Meanwhile, on a negative note, the fear that the same man felt could motivate the non-self-determined behavior of yelling obscenities at someone who drove up beside him unexpectedly.
In contrast to external motivation factors such as the use of food as a reward, fear, as with other intrinsic motivation factors, there are no rewards separate from the internal, spontaneous states that accompany or immediately follow the behavior. Here the “reward” is intangible because it takes the form of a certain set of feelings.
Finally, the role of fear in motivation is best illustrated in the way behavior reinforces the responses that terminate fear. This analogy, which was set forth by Roderick Wong, is said to explain the incidence of compulsions in human behavior. According to Wong, “such behavior is assumed to be motivated by fear, and maintained by fear reduction.” (p. 192) The theory that learning has something to do with human motivation falls in the realm of the behaviorist approach, which argues that motivation is a result of factors generated by the environment more than arising within an individual. Here, a person’s current actions are determined by the successes or failures of past actions. To cite an example: My motivation to attend musicals is determined by the fact that my first and succeeding outings to the theater were pleasurable and it did reduce my stress, therefore the increasing frequency of my attendance to musicals was reinforced. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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