Prejudice in Children due to Faulty Information Processing: The Cognitive Developmental Theory - Literature review Example

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The author states that prejudice is a word often used to describe a personal manner of dealing towards another, have been attributed with the several analysis by a social scientist. Most of them agree that it involves negative prejudgement about a particular group manifested in a manner of contempt…
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Prejudice in Children due to Faulty Information Processing: The Cognitive Developmental Theory
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Download file to see previous pages According to Piaget, the stages of cognitive development plays an important role in the learning ability of a child. The learning process involves the introduction of a stimulus for orientation and it teaches the child the manner of response in accordance with what is learned. Furthermore, cognition involves a schema that follows a chronological order that allows no interruption, otherwise will create an adverse effect. This involves the encoding of the perceived stimuli followed by the storing of the data encoding in the memory. Finally, the retrieval of such memory when the need arises thus completing the entire process. This cycle follows a pattern in processing information along with the other psychological and biological skills. The impact of this process is also determined by the social and environmental factors present, together with the constant reinforcement aid of education and authorities. Should there be a flaw, disruption or inadequacies to that process, learning becomes deficient. Thus the child begins to form biases or preferences.
According to Frances E. Aboud (1988), prejudice is not genetically inclined to happen, as it happens along with the development of cognitive skills. In her book entitled Children and Prejudice, she asserted that at a very juvenile age, beginning 3 to 4 years, "children already notice racial distinctions, absorbs racially related images and assumptions, begin to learn and express racist ideologies (Aboud. 1988). Biases are formed due to the primary obvious aspect particularly noticed by the child at first glances, like the color of the skin. The child absorbs everything that is perceived by the senses like sponges, and because they are incapable of discerning the right from wrong, therefore requires guidance from authority figures such as the parents. Thus the acquisition of preference among children is parallel with that of the parent's. The research further concluded that the meager cognitive skills, as well as the predisposition to ethnic preferences, becomes gradually diminish as the child learns the distinction between virtues and mere peripheral. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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