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A theoretical approach to understand adult development - Essay Example

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Psychological theory is usually thought of as a systematic set of ideas and statements about the scientific study of behavior and cognitive processes. The field of psychology thus seeks to obtain scientific information on everything we think, feel, or do…
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A theoretical approach to understand adult development
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Download file to see previous pages Psychology as science has four main goals:Thus, psychology like any other scientific discipline demands a set of procedures for deciding as to which ideas and statements are valid and which ones are not. For a theory to be useful in the psychological world, it should also provide some significantly valid conclusions to help understand and explain the psychology of the subject. The theory as an additional advantage should also help make predictions that hold usefulness of application in the existent scientific world. A psychology theory has its beginning with certain important definitions pertinent to the subject psychology and certain assumptions. The theoretical approach constitutes of certain concepts, and forms the base and building blocks of a theory.In the present essay, we consider the classical theories as the theoretical approach in the attempt to understand adult development. A developmental theory is required to address the questions pertinent to the reason of change in an individual. It should also tell as to why a change in one individual is different from that observed in another individual. Thus, the developmental theories perform a challenging job of reason, login, and scientific applicability to different aspects related to the individual development. The course of an individual's intellectual growth and decline over the adult years are essential in the understanding of adult development (Cross, 1981; Knowles,1980; Kummerow, 1978) by means of relevant theories. In order to address the topic with more planned approach, we find it essential to mention about the organization of pertinent theories. A developmental theory holds an assumption that there exists some end point, which is a potential improvement as compared to earlier ages. Erickson (1968, 1986; Edelstein, 1997) and Vaillant (1977) have contributed significantly to the understanding of development theory. The other important category of theory of adult change was contributed by Levinson and Pearlin and was based on the assumption of no such end point as proposed by developmental theorists. The present essay holds its preference of discussion about the ideas and work of developmental theorist as they apply to the understanding of adult development.
Psychoanalytical perspective
The psychological age of a person is an indicative of his or her functions in response to the environmental demands. Thus, an individual may be psychologically younger or older as compared to his age. The ability, intelligence, memory, motor skills and other important psychological virtues are not always developed equally in all individuals of the same age. A difference always exists and the reason for it is required to be answered by means of theoretical approach. The reason for this change in development can be answered by different approaches like the behavioral and social learning, humanistic, individual differences, information processing, attribution, dialectical, and psychoanalytical. The present essay holds a psychoanalytical approach for the understanding ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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