Nobody downloaded yet

The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This research paper describes the analysis of the study of comprehension and recall provided by Bransford and Johnston. The researcher aims to find out whether knowledge of the title or the subject prior to exposure to the material influences comprehension. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall"

Download file to see previous pages Bransford and Johnston found that people in the second group were much better at understanding and remembering the passage than those in the first group. The first group had no context in which to incorporate the passage; the second group could readily integrate it into their prior knowledge of washing clothes.
Prior knowledge is a factor in comprehending a material at the encoding stage. Integrating context to a base of knowledge allows comprehension thereby promoting recall at the retrieval stage (Bransford & Johnston, 1972; Dooling & Lachman, 1971; Stern, Dahlgren, & Gaffney, 1991).
Within these context, this study used three groups for context differences: no-context, context-before, and context-after to test its effect on comprehension and recall. This is to find out whether knowledge of the title or the subject prior to exposure to the material influences comprehension. It also explored the effect of integration of context to previous knowledge in recalling information. A correlation between comprehension and recall was also being considered.
Method
Participants
The study utilized the class of one hundred (108) 1st year psychology students from ARU as respondents. The students were randomly assigned to form three groups.
Materials:
The same passage from Bransford & Johnston (1972, p. 722) was used. A Recall Checklist which contains 12 essential data units from the passage was then employed to score the experiment.
Design:
The design type between subjects was used to test the effect of context difference: no-context, context-before, and context-after to comprehension and recall of material.
Procedure:
The class was...
This research paper discusses the study, that was done by Bransford and Johnston and used three groups for context differences: no-context, context-before, and context-after to test its effect on comprehension and recall. This is to find out whether knowledge of the title or the subject prior to exposure to the material influences comprehension. The researcher of this paper also explored the effect of integration of context to previous knowledge in recalling information. A correlation between comprehension and recall was also being considered. The study, that was conducted by the researcher utilized the class of one hundred (108) 1st year psychology students from ARU as respondents. The students were randomly assigned to form three groups. The same passage from Bransford & Johnston was used. A Recall Checklist which contains 12 essential data units from the passage was then employed to score the experiment. The class was randomly split into three groups. Though all participants read the same passage of text, they differ in context condition. One group received no background information about the passage at all (‘no context’). The other two groups were told that the passage was about washing clothes, but one group received the information before reading the passage (‘context before’), the other after reading the passage but before recall (‘context after’). The researcher then summed up the results and his study, analyzed and presented these results to the reader of the research paper. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall Research Paper”, n.d.)
The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1517210-the-effect-of-context-difference-to-comprehension-and-recall
(The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall Research Paper)
The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1517210-the-effect-of-context-difference-to-comprehension-and-recall.
“The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1517210-the-effect-of-context-difference-to-comprehension-and-recall.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall

The Effect of Context Clues in Word Recall

...?The Effect of Context Clues in Word Recall I. Epigraph “We remember what we understand; we understand only what we pay attention to; we pay attention to what we want." This is one of the strongest words that came from Edward Bolles on the relationship of comprehension or recall to context clues (Keeley, Meg. Memory and the Importance of Review. Faculty Bucks. N.p., n.d.). Bolles is a specialist in the study of memory and have proven the strong relationship of both. II. Introduction A lot of people say that a person’s ability to have a good memory has a lot to do with genetics. One who is a child of both parents who have ample exercise of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Comprehension strategies

...? Helping to comprehend narrative, expository and poetic texts is a challenge that faces all teachers. Regardless of or grade level,all teachers are teachers of reading. Many comprehension strategies have been developed over the past three decades. While all can be applied to any of these three types of texts, some seem to naturally go with one more than another. Choosing “the best” for each one is not really possible, because teacher personality, state standards and concerns such as class size and student grouping all have bearing on which comprehension strategy should be used. The three strategies in this essay have all been used to good effect by myself or one of my former teachers. A...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Reading Comprehension

...? Graphic organizers Graphic organizers give an illustration of the relationship between different concepts within a text by use of diagrams. Teachers use graphic organizers to give a visual display of the information in a certain content area to make it easier for students to learn and understand the content. The graphic organizers that are used in learning comprehension include concept maps, story maps, semantic maps, unit organizers and Venn diagrams. Regardless of the name of the graphic organizer, they all deliver the same information. They help the students understand what they read in text books and the information that is in picture books. Graphic organizers are a powerful tool to the students as...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Iterature comprehension

...The theme of internal struggle and meditation in two great works of modern poetry, The Road Not Taken by Robert Lee Frost and somewhere i have never travelled by E.E. Cummings 2, are an interesting exploration of the use of free will and experimental language in contrast to the theme of internal struggle and loss in the precise, exacting prose of James Joyce in his short story Eveline 3, All three works share a fascinating portrait of what it means to feel desire for an imagined fantasy, an envisioned potential outcome and the contemplation of it’s demise. Robert Lee Frost’s The Road Not Taken is a poem about the contemplation of two different possible outcomes of travel down two divergent roads in the woods. When...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Toyota Recall

...). A possible way by which the company can re-gain the trust of motor vehicle consumers is by investing in commercials that project a good image of the company. It could also consider incorporating other aspects such as quality in the campaign. Cost-effectiveness of Toyota products will be a good step to start with in addition to insistence on durability. The recall is only a beginning and a positive step but however, it does not provide a complete solution to the problem as the technical problem of the pedal is not the main issue. The Toyota Company should be prepared to go the extra mile in order to reassure consumers that it has resumed its core value which is based on quality. It is likely that the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Comprehension Critique

...Comprehension Critique Scherzer, Teresa, Stotts, Nancy, Fontaine & Dorri , decided to establish whether the problem of nurseshortages could be addressed by increasing numbers of nursing faculties. Using information from Gordon and Betty Moore foundation, they found out that in 2003 the Gordon and Betty Moore foundation had established an accelerated doctoral nursing program in the leading west coast school of nursing. Through their research, they found out that the 42 students from five cohorts had been funded for the program upon signing an agreement that they will undertake a 3-year teaching job into one of the 17 areas of the nursing program after graduating. In their findings, they noted that all students in the first...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Comprehension

...Lesson Plan Nurse EDUC 554 Lesson Plan #5: Comprehension Teacher Candi EDUC 554 LESSON PREPARATION [before the lesson] #_1_ Topic: Importance of Compassion Specific Strategy: Reading Comprehension strategies through guided reading. Subject: Reading Grade: 4-5th Grade State Standard [Virginia SOL or reading standard of your state]: 6.5       The learner will read and show understanding different informational options. a)  Recognize questions to be answered. b) Formulate, confirm, or revise predictions. National Standard [IRA/NCTE]: 3.  The national standard appreciates the fact that learners employ different approaches to understand, interpret, assess, and recognize texts. They revisist their prior knowledge, their communications... with...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Crisis communications- Honda Recall

...will need to clarify any doubts arising from the product recalls. Product recalls have lasting impressions on the minds of future customers. Product recalls can be damaging to the overall reputation of a firm because they override the achievements made by the firm. The most effective strategy for reinforcing the reputation of the firm is by using social media and internet platforms. Additionally, the firm should consider advertisements that are targeted to its customers. In this case, the company’s website will be used as a platform for responding to the concerns raised by customers. By responding to the concerns of its customers, Honda will be availing information about...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Written comprehension

...supply interventions with the basis of the learning theory. Its objective is to ensure that there is an improvement in the social behaviour into a meaningful degree. Furthermore, it demonstrates that the interventions did result in responsible behaviour. Seven dimensions of ABA are applied, generality, conceptual system, effective, technological, analytic and behavioural. Task 2 Reinforcement is any act that results to the strengthening or an increase in motivation of the individual behaviour, which is stimulated by an antecedent stimulus. Positive reinforcement facilitates the continuous occurrence of the behaviour even in the near future. Negative reinforcement involves removal of certain stimulus, hence making the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Tylenol Recall

...Introduction Tylenol is a pain reliever medicine widely used across the United s of America that serves a wide variety of consumer markets. Tylenol is one of the products belonging to Johnson and Johnson Company, a leading manufacturer of pharmaceutical consumer-packaged goods. Tylenol retail crisis that took place in 2009 sparked a wave of product recalls that expanded to other Johnson and Johnson products. Other products that would later be recalled following this incidence included extra Strength and Benadryl (abcnews.go.com). On November 2009, the U.S Food and Drug Administration regulator supervised the removal of five Tylenol products from the shelves after consumers complained that Tylenol...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Effect of Context Difference to Comprehension and Recall for FREE!

Contact Us