Nobody downloaded yet

Different Approaches in Studying Behavior - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Human behavior is a very complex matter that has been studied by experts for centuries and still continues to be a subject of interest for psychologists. Throughout the years, different perspectives and approaches in studying human behavior have been developed by various experts in the field…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.1% of users find it useful
Different Approaches in Studying Behavior
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Different Approaches in Studying Behavior"

Download file to see previous pages Psychodynamic Approach
The psychodynamic approach towards human behavior puts emphasis on the interactions between the unconscious and conscious aspects of one’s personality and on the early childhood experiences of a person (“Psychodynamic Theory”, 2005). One of the main theorists for this approach, and perhaps one of the most famous persons in the history of Psychology, is Sigmund Freud.
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud’s main emphasis was on the unconscious mental processes which, he claims, is the main cause of mental illness (Venekamp, 2006a). According to Freud, the human mind consists of three components: the id, which is the unconscious component that deals with a person’s desires and needs; the superego, which is the subconscious component that holds a person’s morals and standards; and the ego, which is the conscious component that acts as a moderator between the id and the superego (Venekamp, 2006a). The ego will try to satisfy the person’s desires as dictated by the id in a manner that is acceptable according to the standards and morals as dictated by the person’s superego. The interactions between these three components determine a person’s behavior in a given situation. When the ego is not able to cope with a certain situation, a person tends to resort to what is termed as defense mechanisms.
Anna Freud
Anna Freud, Sigmund Freud’s daughter, was known for her works in child psychoanalysis and her expansion of her father’s idea of defense mechanisms....
There are different kinds of defense mechanisms; some are more functional and adaptive than others and there are defense mechanisms that may be destructive more than they are helpful (Embree, 2008). Although defense mechanisms are sometimes necessary, a person who overuses these mechanisms or who uses the destructive defense mechanisms may be suffering from a clinical syndrome (Embree, 2008). This agrees with Freud's idea that mental illnesses are mostly caused by unconscious processes since defense mechanisms are mostly unconscious and involuntary.
Behavioral Approach
While the psychodynamic approach focuses on the unconscious psychological processes and believes that behavior is mainly governed by the interactions between the aspects of a person's mind, the behavioral approach believes that environmental factors and external stimuli are the major forces in the creation and modification of human behavior (Venekamp, 2006b). The two major theorists who developed the behavioral approach were Ivan Pavlov and B. F. Skinner.
Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov developed the concept of Classical Conditioning. According to Pavlov, the behavior of a person is mainly a response to an external stimulus and he believed that behavior can be controlled by associating other stimuli to the original one. Classical conditioning starts with an unconditioned stimulus that elicits an unconditioned response. The behavior is controlled by constantly presenting a neutral stimulus with the unconditional stimulus. In time, the subject will learn to associate this neutral stimulus with the unconditioned stimulus and would tend to elicit the same response towards the supposedly neutral stimulus even without the unconditioned stimulus. In classical ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Different Approaches in Studying Behavior Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1515788-different-approaches-in-studying-behavior
(Different Approaches in Studying Behavior Essay)
https://studentshare.org/psychology/1515788-different-approaches-in-studying-behavior.
“Different Approaches in Studying Behavior Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1515788-different-approaches-in-studying-behavior.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Different Approaches in Studying Behavior

Comparing different theoretical approaches for two disabilities

...). Difficulties faced by the children in educational institutions Children with dyspraxia have limited ability to mingle with other children, leading to lowered self-esteem, decreased self-confidence and social isolation (Gibbs et al, 2007). In those with severe symptoms, behavioral problems may ensue because of inability to cope with the physical deficits. Decreased physical competency when compared to peers can make dyspraxic children feel depressed and withdrawn, become disruptive and attention seeking and underestimate themselves (Lacey, 1997). Children with dyspraxia have difficulty in adapting skills to different settings. These children also have difficulty in taking care of themselves and...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Different Approaches in Critical Psychology

...? Essay on Critical Evaluation of 3 – 4 Different Approaches in Critical Psychology By of Introduction Recent times have realized an increased reliance on critical theories by psychologists to establish perspectives on psychology. This latest approaches to psychology criticize the mainstream psychology and attempts to use improved understanding on psychological issues to cause social changes, and to prevent and treat psychopathology (Hepburn, 2003). One advantage of critical psychology over the mainstream/conventional psychology is that the former regards the social classes, groups and challenges that influence peoples’ social, mental and physical well-being quite highly (Fox & Prilleltensky, 1997). This paper explores the various... ....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Challenging Behavior. Causes and Approaches to Dealing with Challenging Behavior

...from the learning category (Similarly, Simmons & Ward 1998). There were also establishments that there are some behaviors that can never be classified easily by the educators such as distractions, chatting as well as the non verbal maltreatments. Nonetheless, there is a different suggestion from Oliver (2003) that, the categorization of behavior appears as challenging throughout diverse schools. According to this scholar, the challenging behavior is developed socially. There is need for evaluating the matter of challenging behavior amongst individuals since it has attracted different theories and approaches from...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Understand different approaches to management and leadership

... Understanding Different Approaches to Management and Leadership Organization usually differs in their approaches to management and in terms of the leadership styles that they employ. This paper aims to look at different approaches to management. The paper will concentrate on one organization with a unique approach to management. In this case, the organization of choice is the Coca Cola Company. This consideration further looks at development of management thought in the organization, scientific management, classical management, the human relations approach, bureaucracy, contingency approach, and system approach. The paper also talks of the various functions of management that include planning, organising, commanding, coordinating... , and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Different approaches to decision-making

...? Different Approaches to Decision-Making affiliation Graphical Representation of the DIY Stores and Data National FranchiseStore Big Box Department Store with DIY dept Sales p.a $12 $2 $2 $47 $60 $405 Annual Sales $66 $47 $8 2. The Annual sales numbers might be misleading on the grounds that they do not predict a definite pattern. The Do-It-Yourself (DIY) stores produce significantly varied outcomes. For instance, the Department stores with DIY dept produce very different annual incomes. Wal-Mart experiences an annual return to a tune of $405, while Sears and Target perform quite dismally. Tentatively, it is extremely difficult to use these sales to justify the existence of a common...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Different approaches to performance management

...HRM, performance management must be highlight. Performance management is using by countries such GDP, organizations and individuals. Performance management is troubled to get the best performance from person, but goes extra in that it also aspire to get the best performance from the team and from the organization as an entire (R. Wayne Mondy). In this assignment, I should talk about what is performance management system, what problems are built-in in this system and how these troubles can be overcome. 2.0 Understanding Performance Management 2.1 Definition Performance management derives from the human resource management approach as a strategic and incorporated approach to the management and growth of...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Different Approaches to developing strategy

...Order # 338101: Different Approaches to developing strategy (Strategic Planning and Implementation) The following approaches / elements constitute for developing a strategy in a business: Vision Mission Objectives Values / Situation Analysis Strategic Development Implementation Monitoring Vision: Vision is the first element to develop a strategy. The business sets forth an achievable realistic vision i.e. how would the business look like at some future years in terms of its possible physical appearance, size, activities etc? Mission: Mission generally relates with the nature of the business and is expressed in form of a ‘mission statement’ that indicates its purpose and activities...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Collective Bargaining Behavior - Two bargaining Approaches

...Collective Bargaining Behavior- Two bargaining Approaches There are two types of bargaining. The first type is referred to as traditional bargaining. The second type is known as interest-based bargaining. In the traditional bargaining type, every party in the negotiation is determined to either maximize their gained and or minimize their losses. In this bargaining type, there is usually much confrontation as each and every party struggles hard to optimize his gains. However, since not everybody can win, it is logical that one party must agree to compromise in order to finalize the process. Therefore, the traditional bargaining is usually a win/lose situation. The resources involved in this negotiation...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Leadership theories and behavior approaches

...Leadership theories and behavioral approaches al affiliation) Introduction There are various leadership theories that canbe utilized to boost the morale and behavior of the employees. Since the organization is made of people from different parts of the world, leadership theories and behavioral approaches that will enable employees to work together as a team, boost their morale as well as solve the internal crises has to employed. Utilization of effective leadership style will direct the employees were working in the company all over the world to do the right thing (Hornsby, Kuratko & Zahra, 2007). The company requires better leadership approaches in order to solve the technological equipment challenges as well as the communication... and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Europe vs. America: different approaches to privacy

...Europe v. America - different approaches to privacy Introduction Everything that people do within the internet leaves behind some digital fingerprints. This means that it is logical that most users of the internet worry a lot about the matter of privacy. Because laws of privacy are different from one country to another, a company may not be obligated legally to make sure that personal data processing will conform to the requirements of the law from the nations with which individuals whose data were collected come from. A good example is that where a company has been incorporated within a nation that is offshore, this company could not be under obligation to adhere to whatever data...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Different Approaches in Studying Behavior for FREE!

Contact Us