Nobody downloaded yet

Piaget's Contributions to Psychology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The purpose of this paper is to discuss a Jean Piaget's contributions to the science of psychology, particularly the theory of cognitive development. Piaget was an epistemologist, interested in the nature of human knowledge, and how it changes over time…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.3% of users find it useful
Piagets Contributions to Psychology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Piaget's Contributions to Psychology"

Download file to see previous pages The theory of cognitive development built by Jean Piaget over a period of several decades stands as a powerful exemplification of a constructivist approach, and remains the most detailed theory of cognitive development. By this he meant, as had all the philospher-psychologists before, necessary knowledge—knowledge that appears to be “independent of time”, yet conceived by cognitive operations “that are subject to evolution and constituted in time” (Piaget 1959, p.23, quoted Elkind 1976, p. 45). Piaget argued that this could best be understood by studying the development of knowledge in children (he was thus only secondarily a developmental psychologist). The theory stands as a bold alternative to empiricism, and, to a large extent, nativism as accounts of the origins of reliable knowledge. The four stages of cognitive development are “sensorimotor (birth to about age 2), preoperational: (begins about the time the child starts to talk to about age 7), concrete (about first grade to early adolescence) and formal operations (adolescence)” (Langer and Killen 1998, p. 54).
According to Piaget, the properties of stages depend on the internalization of coordinations revealed in the world by action upon it. According to Piaget, the actions of the subject on the object reveal simple coordinations. First, the length and the thickness are not independent dimensions. There is a necessary connection between them—as one changes so does the other; that is, they vary together, or covary. But this coordination is itself only part of a wider system of coordinations of which even a simple action like this consists—coordinations between the visual appearance and the motion of the ball, for example, and between these and the sense-receptors in muscles and joints (Opper et al 1987). Most uniquely among theorists o cognitive development, Piaget attempted to describe a detailed developmental process. In addition, it so often happens that secondary accounts of Piaget’s theory offer a description of the “symptoms” of the stages, without seriously considering the mechanism of development and the dynamics underlying the symptoms (Scholnick et al 1999).
According to Piaget, the child with sensorimotor intelligence can do things with objects, and the concrete operational child can think about doing those things. But the latter cannot think about propositions and relations detached from particular objects and events. This ability requires another period o development. In the period from 7 years or so, up to adolescence, operatory structures develop from coordinations involving only concrete objects and events to include more general coordinations. In Piaget’s theory, this “liberation of thought from content” involves further “coordinations of coordinations” (Opper et al 1987, p. 45). The most significant of these is a combination of the two most distinct groupings of concrete operations, namely reversibility by inversion and reversibility by reciprocity. These now become combined into a single powerful system (not a mere juxtaposition, but an ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Piaget's Contributions to Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Piaget's Contributions to Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1514018-piagets-contributions-to-psychology
(Piaget'S Contributions to Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
Piaget'S Contributions to Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1514018-piagets-contributions-to-psychology.
“Piaget'S Contributions to Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1514018-piagets-contributions-to-psychology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Piaget's Contributions to Psychology

Piaget to Constructivism

...foundation, and evolution beginning with an understanding of the concept. It is also of significant value that no discussion of constructivism can be valid without often repeated reference to Piaget, and his 60 years of relentless research in establishing the concept of dynamic constructivist theory of knowing (Glasersfeld, 1995). Thus the discussion can be divided in to two categories Piagetian constructivism and radical or neo-constructivism. Jean Piaget (1896-1980) John Piaget, a Swiss psychologist and epidemiologist is known worldwide for his significant contributions to the evolution of child psychology, and the development of knowledge. Trained as...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Magaret Mead and Her Contributions to Psychology

...?Margret mead and her contributions to psychology: Margret mead (1901-1978) started her profession as a psychologist and labeled as a brand of psychology. She was born in December 16, 1901 in Philadelphia to a house of educators. Mead took master’s degree in psychology and switched to anthropology by the urging of Ruth benedict. Mead’s background in psychology equipped her effectively to embark on her field trip to American Samoa in 1925. While the anthropological coaching of her day didn't emphasize practical elements of conducting fieldwork mead’s coaching in psychology taught her ways to conduct case scientific studies, design...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Piaget (Theorist Paper)

...?Piaget (Theorist Paper) Jean Piaget (1896-1980) was a renowned Swiss developmental psychologist, whose theory on Cognitive Development on a child’s psychology is regarded as one of the distinguished works related to brain development and controlling of actions in a child. Much of Piaget’s life was influenced by his father, Professor Arthur Piaget, a man who was dedicated to his works. Piaget’s mother, though an intelligent lady, was neurotic and a difficult person to live with. This reason is said to have influenced Piaget to develop an interest in psychology. The paper attempts to apply his theories in...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Piaget and Vygotsky

...? Piaget and Vygotsky Key Words: Cognitive Development, Theory, Knowledge, Premise/Theory, Compare and contrast Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of language development and cognition. Highlighting the similarities and differences between these theories, These scholars comprise well renowned philosophers in the understanding of Intellectual and Cognitive Development in children (Breseler, Cooper & Palmer, 2013). Their fame also emanates from immense contribution in the unveiling of scientific approach used in evaluating cognitive progress of a child. In Piaget’s premise of language development, he utilized structuralism together with cognitive growth to expound his...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Jean Piaget

.... WORKS CITED Becker, J. and Varelas, M. 'Piaget's Early Theory of the Role of Language in Intellectual Development: A Comment on DeVries's Account of Piaget's Social Theory', Educational Researcher, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 22-23, Aug-Sep 2001. Beilin, H. 'Piaget's enduring contribution to developmental psychology', Developmental Psychology, 28, pp. 191-204, 1992. Brainerd, C. J. Piaget's Theory of Intelligence, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1978. Wood, D. How Children Think and Learn (2nd edition), Oxford; Blackwell Publishing, 1998.... JEAN PIAGET 2008 JEAN PIAGET Jean Piaget, one of the brightest psychologists of the last century, focused on the importance of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Psychology & Christianty : Contributions by Gary R Collins

...Psychology & Christianity: Contributions by Gary R Collins Psychology has been one of the most academic and popular s for the last hundred years and several significant schools of thought and thousands of books have dealt with the nature of human personalities, development, relationships and inner well-being. These topics are of high significance to the Christians as they are concerned about an accurate understanding of human nature. The relationship between psychology and Christianity is thoroughly investigated in one of the most relevant books on the topic, Psychology & Christianity: Contributions by Gary R Collins. The...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Charitable Contributions

...research organizations affiliated with hospitals, schools, colleges and universities. Similar among all these institutions are: a) they receive contributions from many sources and have active program(s) for fundraising; b) their income is generated by activities that enhance and promote their purposes; and, c) they actively work in relationship with another public charity. To be a public charity, organizations mentioned above should submit documents that “must contain purposes and powers of an organization and disposition of its assets under dissolution, in order to qualify for exemption under Internal Revenue Code section 501 (c)(3).” (Sample Organizing Documents – Public Charity, 2009) In short, they...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Comparing Erikson to Piaget

...will eventually control us on how we make our choice as we associate or form relationship with others. Erikson described each of the eight stages of development as a choice between two opposing beliefs. He believed that child’s ego subsists from birth and that his behavior is not totally self-protective. Erikson believed that the interaction of the body, mind and cultural influences determine the way of development. Differences and Similarities Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget are two of the famous theorists who focused their interest in children and the stages of their development. Both of them searched to explain the cognitive and psychosocial development of children. Both Piaget and Erikson have a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Piaget and his theory

...1) Explain Piaget’s view of… In understanding the patterns of cognitive development in infants and children, and how families and teachers affect their development, the contributions of Jean Piaget (1896-1980) hold a very significant importance. Piaget’s main focus has been on the cognitive organization of the knowledge which includes the effect of physical or mental perceptions on individual’s actions. This paper discusses how Piagetian concepts help us explain changes in cognition. Two year old Gabrielle cries when she does not find her mother in the bed when she wakes up. Three year old Sam hugs his father when he brings him a toy. Five year old Mike learns about...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Jean Piaget

.... In this regard, I was able to use Piagets theory to evaluate the best career choice that I have been passionate about since childhood. In conclusion, Jean Piaget theory of human development is certainly one of the most influencing theories as far as making choices is concerned. Piagets theory influences decisions that people make since it highlights the stages that children go through in intelligence development and thought process. According to Piagets theory, children and adults thinks differently because of the differences in developmental stages and so is the intelligence and thought process. References Coon, D., & Mitterer, J. (2008). Introduction to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Piaget's Contributions to Psychology for FREE!

Contact Us