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Depression in the context of abnormal psychology - Essay Example

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Depression refers both to a serious mental disorder and to a normal mood involving sadness that all people occasionally experience.The duration and grouping of symptoms distinguishes depression as a mental disorder from occasional feelings of sadness. This article discusses depression as a disorder…
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Depression in the context of abnormal psychology
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Download file to see previous pages Depression refers both to a serious mental disorder and to a normal mood involving sadness that all people occasionally experience.The duration and grouping of symptoms distinguishes depression as a mental disorder from occasional feelings of sadness. This article discusses depression as a disorder. Medical experts believe that depression causes more disability throughout the world than almost any other medical illness or disorder. As the number of patients suffering with different types of depression is showing an abrupt increase over past few years, it has become imperative to evaluate its causes and treatment modes. This paper intends to analyze a number of research studies in the context of symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment and even the results of various modes of psychotherapy and antidepressant medicines.The evolution in our understanding of abnormal psychology is revealed by the changes in the way we have treated those suffering such disorders. For most of history, the emotionally disturbed were considered to be society's castoffs. They were commonly locked up in prisons or workhouses alongside criminals. No exception was made for children, who were generally considered to be merely small adults. (Coriat, 1999)The predominant method today is based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), first published by the American Psychiatric Association in 1958. It contains descriptions of symptoms of each recognized form of abnormal psychology....
This paper will shed light on various research studies about symptoms causes and treatment of Depression. Lets proceed to what Depression actually is and how can it be treated.
Depression
According to Ainsworth (2000) a mental state that is characterized as uncomfortable and regarded as discouraged, blue or dejected is referred to as Depression. In layman's words it is a mood state that in medical terms maybe referred to as the Dysthymia that is comparison to the Euthymia that is normal state, and the other opposite one that is Elation. The depression itself maybe a mental disorder or be a symptom of another disorder. In the category of the transient depression, some normal human behaviors or reactions to certain situations may be included. For instance, mourning is usually and normally considered to be one reactions after some kind of loss, however it is the case that it is usually considered to be depressive.
A considerable depression, in world's population, occurs in about 10 to 20 percent in the course of a lifetime, where women are more prone to it as compared to men with a 2:1 ratio. The primary reason for this difference is usually due to the social and cultural aspects rather than the biological ones.
People that are relatives of the patients that have major depression are usually at higher risk of getting depressed, and about 2 percent of the populations may have depressive personality that is a chronic disorder. Some conditions that may be referred to this state are the materially stimulated mood disorders also entail periods of depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder. (Ainsworth, 2000)
Symptoms
According to Randolph (2009) there are significant symptoms of depression that determine it. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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