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Comparison and Analysis - Research Paper Example

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Name Institution Instructor Course Date Psychology-Comparison and Analysis Introduction Psychology is the applied and scientific study of the human mind and behaviors through the understanding of mental functions in relation to behavior (Weiner, Irving and Craighead 1330)…
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Comparison and Analysis
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Download file to see previous pages Branches of psychology include behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology, and positive psychology (Weiner, Irving and Craighead 1330). Humanistic psychology’s key ideas include the individual’s power to control of his condition and his mental health and man is considered the ultimate measure of all things (Weiner, Irving and Craighead 1334). It studies the whole individual and the uniqueness of each person. This theory argues that all parts of the body make a person and therefore, studying human behavior involves studying the whole individual, not necessarily certain parts of his body. It also takes into account environmental influence to our mental health and behaviors. Humanistic approach looks at human behavior, not only through the eyes of the observer, but also the person performing the act. Humanistic psychologists believe that the behavior of an individual is connected to their inner feelings and desires and self-concept (Weiner, Irving and Craighead 1334). Every individual is unique in their own way, their wishes and desires are different and hence studying man’s behavior involves taking into account individual uniqueness and individual desires that motivate an individual to a certain action. Cognitive theory is the study of perception, pattern recognition, attention, problem solving and decision making and memory, cognitive theory, hence does not dwell on individualism, but provided a broader perspective of human behavior (Weiner, Irving and Craighead 1333). The key ideas of cognitive psychology are rooted in how people acquire process and store information. The theory argues that mental process such as attention that filters which ideas to concentrate on and what information to ignore hence influence human behavior among other mental processes like memory which also influence behavior. Positive psychology on the other hand focuses on human happiness and satisfaction. Its key ideas include strategies and skills that motivate people to cope with challenges of life more effectively and to enjoy their lives despite the challenges (Hefferon, Kate, and Ilona 52). The theory argues that people are generally happy and money makes other people happier due to the pleasure and the enlargement of peoples’ choices it comes with. It states that enlarging employment opportunities and physical activity in a world faced with illnesses caused by lack of physical activity such as obesity will reduce their risk of obesity hence leading to human happiness. Before World War II, psychology was involved with curbing mental illness, making the lives of people happier, productive and more fulfilling and to identify and to nurture talents. Humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and positive psychology are all related historically. Humanistic psychology emerged in 1950s as a reaction to behaviorism and psychoanalysis which dominated psychology at the time. Behaviorism studied conditioning processes that produced the behavior (Weiner, Irving and Craighead 1333) while psychoanalysis studied unconscious motivations that drive human behavior. Founders of humanistic psychologists included Carl Rogers who believed in the power of self-determination and the individual free will and Abraham Maslow who believed in the individual hierarchy of needs theory of human motivation. They saw psychoanalysis and behaviorism as too pessimistic as it ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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