Parkinsons Disease - Research Paper Example

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Name Instructor Course Date Parkinson’s disease DESCRIPTION, IMPORTANCE, AND BACKGROUND INFORMATION In the contemporary society, quality healthcare has become the center of debate as a measure towards better social welfare of the people. The emergence of various physical and psychological disorders is at an alarming rate and one of such conditions in this case is Parkinson’s disease…
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Download file to see previous pages Its discovery can be traced back to 5000 BC but a vivid description of the condition was given by James Parkinson who was a British doctor in 1817. He described the condition as a "shaking palsy.” This condition is always characterized by slow but progressive muscle control loss. This leads to trembling of the victim’s limbs and head when resting besides slowness and an impaired balance and co-ordination (Emre 141). This condition can go to greater lengths and end up jeopardizing one’s ability to talk, walk and carry out even simple tasks. This disorder is more prevalent in the United States where the number of affected people is an estimated 1 million out of the world’s approximate total of 5 million. The rate of occurrence of this disorder is significantly higher among the older people aged above 60 years. The percentage rate of the condition is 1% for the 60 years old and to 4% for people above 80 years old. Research indicates that adult-onset Parkinson’s disease is very rampant although juvenile type also exists for age groups above 21 years. The primary cause of this disorder is lack of a substance called dopamine which plays the role of linking substantia nigra and the corpus striatum in the brain areas (Emre 150). These two parts are responsible for any movement related actions in the body and in the event of their reduction or loss the entire body movement system is impaired resulting in symptoms of Parkinson’s condition. Increasing loss of communication between corpus striatum and substantia nigra in the brain leads to ineffective simultaneous degeneration of some brain cells leading to non-movement related symptoms of the Parkinson’s disease condition. THEORY, STAGE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF AGE GROUP AFFECTED MOST The age range of Parkinson’s disease victims is anywhere from 60-80 and this is projected to exhibit increased prevalence due to the ever rising life expectancy in the US in particular and entire world in general that will step up the number. Past research indicates that 4% of the typical American old persons are in the generativity-versus-stagnation stage within Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development due to the mental disorientation that comes with this condition in life. In regard to Feldman who discusses Erikson’s theory in Discovering the Life Span, this stage-based disorder includes individuals in the age range of 60 and above years old (Weiner 56). This stage is characterized by the presence of stagnation. As people approach their sunset years, their contribution to the society tends to be out of their own physical input and all other basic needs are obtained from other people. It therefore means that they need to be taken care of by the general community which constitutes their families and the well-wishers. It is at this point that occurrence of such conditions ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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